Penobscot County PUMA, ME

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Population

152,284

0.454% decline

Median Age

41.8


Median Household Income

$47,886

5.7% growth

Number of Employees

69,494

1.03% growth

Median Property Value

$137,900

0.657% growth

About

In 2017, Penobscot County PUMA, ME had a population of 152k people with a median age of 41.8 and a median household income of $47,886. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Penobscot County PUMA, ME declined from 152,978 to 152,284, a -0.454% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,302 to $47,886, a 5.7% increase.

The population of Penobscot County PUMA, ME is 94% White Alone, 1.81% Two or More Races, and 1.27% Hispanic or Latino. 4.17% of the people in Penobscot County PUMA, ME speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Penobscot County PUMA, ME are University of Maine (2,236 degrees awarded in 2016), Husson University (798 degrees), and Eastern Maine Community College (429 degrees).

The median property value in Penobscot County PUMA, ME is $137,900, and the homeownership rate is 69.7%. Most people in Penobscot County PUMA, ME commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Penobscot County PUMA, ME is N/A per household.

Economy

The economy of Penobscot County PUMA, ME employs 69.5k people. The largest industries in Penobscot County PUMA, ME are Hospitals (5,869 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,944 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (4,478 people), and the highest paying industries are Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($94,512), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($71,175), and Hospitals ($70,942).

Median household income in Penobscot County PUMA, ME is $47,886. Males in Penobscot County PUMA, ME have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,816. The income inequality in Penobscot County PUMA, ME (measured using the Gini index) is 0.448, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,886

2017 value

± $1,189

5.7%

1 Year Growth

± 3.36%

Households in Penobscot County PUMA, ME have a median annual income of $47,886, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,302 in 2016, which represents a 5.7% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Penobscot County PUMA, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$53,847

Average Male Salary

± $7,223

$42,816

Average Female Salary

± $5,143

In 2017, full-time male employees in Penobscot County PUMA, ME made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Penobscot County PUMA, ME by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $93,404 ± $92,578

  2. Black

    $89,778 ± $139,152

  3. White

    $39,123 ± $3,598

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Penobscot County PUMA, ME workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Black workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Penobscot County PUMA, ME by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.448

2017 Wage GINI

0.447

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was 0.448 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.141% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Penobscot County PUMA, ME was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Penobscot County PUMA, ME in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Penobscot County PUMA, ME across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was Biddeford & Saco Cities PUMA, ME with a value of $77,289, followed by Bath City & Brunswick PUMA, ME and York (West) & Cumberland (West) Counties PUMA, ME, with respective values of $70,246 and $67,253.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Penobscot County PUMA, ME colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Penobscot County PUMA, ME (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Penobscot County PUMA, ME is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

69.5k

2017 Value

1.03%

1 Year growth

± 1.03%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Penobscot County PUMA, ME grew at a rate of 1.03%, from 68.8k employees to 69.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Penobscot County PUMA, ME, are Retail salespersons (2,482 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (2,186 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,071 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Penobscot County PUMA, ME.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Penobscot County PUMA, ME, by number of employees, are Retail salespersons (2,482 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (2,186 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,071 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Penobscot County PUMA, ME has an unusually high number of residents working as Logging workers (11.4 times higher than expected), Occupational therapists (5.24 times), and Millwrights (4.85 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Penobscot County PUMA, ME, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($251,979), Dentists ($189,912), and Business operations specialists, all other ($117,105).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

69.5k

2017 Value

1.03%

1 Year growth

± 1.03%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Penobscot County PUMA, ME grew at a rate of 1.03%, from 68.8k employees to 69.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Penobscot County PUMA, ME, are Hospitals (5,869 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,944 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (4,478 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Penobscot County PUMA, ME, though some of these residents may live in Penobscot County PUMA, ME and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Penobscot County PUMA, ME, by number of employees, are Hospitals (5,869 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,944 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (4,478 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Penobscot County PUMA, ME has an unusually high number of Logging (15.2 times higher than expected), Fuel dealers (7.89 times), and Mail-order houses (5.56 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Penobscot County PUMA, ME, by average salary, are Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($94,512), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($71,175), and Hospitals ($70,942).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $7.7B

  2. $3.41B

  3. $3.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $7.7B, followed by Fuel oils ($3.41B) and Gasoline ($3.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maine products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maine state.

$41.8B

2015 Value

$56.8B

Projected 2045 Value

36.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maine trade was $41.8B. This is expected to increase 36.1% to $56.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maine trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $3.48B

  2. $3.07B

  3. $2.42B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Massachusetts with $3.48B, followed by New Hampshire with $3.07B and New York and $2.42B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maine shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.5% of the population of Penobscot County PUMA, ME has health coverage, with 44.5% on employee plans, 18.4% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 2.5% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Penobscot County PUMA, ME was $9,531 in 2014. This is a 4.36% increase from the previous year ($9,133).

Primary care physicians in Penobscot County PUMA, ME see 899 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.663% decrease from the previous year (905 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1671 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 227 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.6%). Additionally, Aroostook County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

899 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Maine see an average of 899 patients per year. This represents a 0.663% decrease from the previous year (905 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maine in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

$9,531

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,015

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,504

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,325

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maine (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.36%, from $9,133 to $9,531.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.5%

Uninsured

44.5%

Employer Coverage

18.4%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

2.5%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Penobscot County PUMA, ME stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 10.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Penobscot County PUMA, ME changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.6% prevalence

  2. 12.3% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maine, at 12.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maine by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Penobscot County PUMA, ME is home to a population of 152k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Penobscot County PUMA, ME residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Penobscot County PUMA, ME is composed of 143k White Alone residents (94%), 2.75k Two or More Races residents (1.81%), 1.94k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.27%), 1.59k Asian Alone residents (1.04%), 1.53k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.01%), 1.15k Black or African American Alone residents (0.755%), 82 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0538%), and 28 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0184%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Penobscot County PUMA, ME are French (Incl. Cajun) (2,295 speakers), Spanish (923 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (540 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was 41.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Penobscot County PUMA, ME are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Penobscot County PUMA, ME residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

2.74%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.2k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Penobscot County PUMA, ME residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was 2.74%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Penobscot County PUMA, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    1,044 ± 791 people

  2. India

    374 ± 474 people

  3. China

    224 ± 367 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Penobscot County PUMA, ME was Canada, the natal country of 1,044 Penobscot County PUMA, ME residents, followed by India with 374 and China with 224.

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Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.6% of Penobscot County PUMA, ME residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Penobscot County PUMA, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    143k ± 89

  2. Two or More Races

    2.75k ± 250

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.94k ± 284

In 2017, there were 52.1 times more White Alone residents (143k people) in Penobscot County PUMA, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.75k Two or More Races and 1.94k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Penobscot County PUMA, ME as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. French (Incl. Cajun)

    2,295 speakers (1.58%)

  2. Spanish

    923 speakers (0.636%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    540 speakers (0.372%)

4.17% of Penobscot County PUMA, ME citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was French (Incl. Cajun). 1.58% of the overall population of Penobscot County PUMA, ME are native French (Incl. Cajun) speakers. 0.636% speak Spanish and 0.372% speak French (Incl. Cajun), the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Penobscot County PUMA, ME has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Penobscot County PUMA, ME awarded 3,587 degrees. The student population of Penobscot County PUMA, ME is skewed towards women, with 8,623 male students and 9,188 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Penobscot County PUMA, ME are White (3,017 and 88%), followed by Unknown (161 and 4.7%), Asian (57 and 1.66%), and Black or African American (52 and 1.52%).

The largest universities in Penobscot County PUMA, ME by number of degrees awarded are University of Maine (2,236 and 62.3%), Husson University (798 and 22.2%), and Eastern Maine Community College (429 and 12%).

The most popular majors in Penobscot County PUMA, ME are General Business Administration & Management (347 and 9.67%), Registered Nursing (178 and 4.96%), and General Psychology (130 and 3.62%).

The median tuition costs in Penobscot County PUMA, ME are $16,050 for private four year colleges, and $8,370 and $27,240 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 142 degrees awarded

  2. 116 degrees awarded

  3. 178 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was Registered Nursing with 142 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Penobscot County PUMA, ME according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,236 degrees awarded

  2. 798 degrees awarded

  3. 429 degrees awarded

$8,370

Median In-State Public

$16,050

Median Private

In 2016, the Penobscot County PUMA, ME institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Maine with 2,236 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,679

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,908

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,679 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Penobscot County PUMA, ME, which is 0.88 times less than the 1,908 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Penobscot County PUMA, ME by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,017 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    161 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    57 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Penobscot County PUMA, ME were to White students. These 3,017 degrees mean that there were 18.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 161 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was $137,900 in 2017, which is 0.634 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $137,000 to $137,900, a 0.657% increase. The homeownership rate in Penobscot County PUMA, ME is 69.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Penobscot County PUMA, ME have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Penobscot County PUMA, ME is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,886

Median Household Income

± $1,189

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Penobscot County PUMA, ME grew to $47,886 from the previous year's value of $45,302.

The following chart displays the households in Penobscot County PUMA, ME distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$137,900

2017 Median

± $2,832

$137,000

2016 Median

± $2,863

In 2017, the median property value in Penobscot County PUMA, ME grew to to $137,900 from the previous year's value of $137,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Penobscot County PUMA, ME compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Penobscot County PUMA, ME the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Penobscot County PUMA, ME distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Penobscot County PUMA, ME the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.7%

2017 Homeownership

68.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.7% of the housing units in Penobscot County PUMA, ME were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Penobscot County PUMA, ME compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Penobscot County PUMA, ME distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Penobscot County PUMA, ME have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Penobscot County PUMA, ME have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.57% of the workforce in Penobscot County PUMA, ME have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Penobscot County PUMA, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.13%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Penobscot County PUMA, ME was Drove Alone (79.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.8%) and those who Worked At Home (4.13%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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