Chester, VA

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Population

21,957

2.69% decline

Median Age

39.5


Median Household Income

$67,425

3.18% growth

Poverty Rate

7.77%


Number of Employees

10,881

3.12% decline

Median Property Value

$207,600

2.01% growth

About

In 2017, Chester, VA had a population of 22k people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $67,425. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Chester, VA declined from 22,564 to 21,957, a -2.69% decrease and its median household income grew from $65,346 to $67,425, a 3.18% increase.

The population of Chester, VA is 68.3% White Alone, 19.4% Black or African American Alone, and 7.03% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Chester, VA speak a non-English language, and 97.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Chester, VA are John Tyler Community College (1,755 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Chester, VA is $207,600, and the homeownership rate is 70.2%. Most people in Chester, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Chester, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Skyline at Night, Richmond, VA

Economy

The economy of Chester, VA employs 10.9k people. The largest industries in Chester, VA are Retail Trade (1,391 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,198 people), and Public Administration (1,168 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($74,038), Manufacturing ($69,417), and Utilities ($59,554).

Median household income in Chester, VA is $67,425. Males in Chester, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Chester, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$67,425

2017 value

± $7,302

3.18%

1 Year Growth

± 13%

Households in Chester, VA have a median annual income of $67,425, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $65,346 in 2016, which represents a 3.18% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Chester, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Chester, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1008.23

  2. Census Tract 1005.05

  3. Census Tract 1004.09

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Chester, VA was Census Tract 1008.23 with a value of $88,132, followed by Census Tract 1005.05 and Census Tract 1004.09, with respective values of $77,168 and $74,259.

The following map shows all of the places in Chester, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.77% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Chester, VA (1.7k out of 21.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    739 ± 220

  2. Black

    700 ± 297

  3. Hispanic

    168 ± 166

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Chester, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

10.9k

2017 Value

± 858

-3.12%

1 Year decline

± 11.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Chester, VA declined at a rate of -3.12%, from 11.2k employees to 10.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Chester, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,599 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,417 people), and Management Occupations (1,062 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Chester, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Chester, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,599 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,417 people), and Management Occupations (1,062 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Chester, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.13 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.46 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Chester, VA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($100,208), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($74,306), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($73,700).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

10.9k

2017 Value

± 858

-3.12%

1 Year decline

± 11.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Chester, VA declined at a rate of -3.12%, from 11.2k employees to 10.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Chester, VA, are Retail Trade (1,391 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,198 people), and Public Administration (1,168 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Chester, VA, though some of these residents may live in Chester, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Chester, VA, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (1,391 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,198 people), and Public Administration (1,168 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Chester, VA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.3 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.61 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Chester, VA, by median earnings, are Information ($74,038), Manufacturing ($69,417), and Utilities ($59,554).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $29.9B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $29.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($27.8B) and Electronics ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$277B

2020 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $277B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $14B

  3. $12.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $25.5B, followed by North Carolina with $14B and Pennsylvania and $12.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.6% of the population of Chester, VA has health coverage, with 52.9% on employee plans, 8.06% on Medicaid, 9.41% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 3.46% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Chester, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Chester, VA see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.4%

Uninsured

52.9%

Employer Coverage

8.06%

Medicaid

9.41%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

3.46%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Chester, VA declined by 14.5% from 14.5% to 12.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Chester, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Chester, VA is home to a population of 22k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.03% of Chester, VA residents were born outside of the country (1.32k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Chester, VA is composed of 15k White Alone residents (68.3%), 4.26k Black or African American Alone residents (19.4%), 1.54k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.03%), 761 Two or More Races residents (3.47%), 379 Asian Alone residents (1.73%), 13 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0592%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 2.8

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Chester, VA was 39.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Chester, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Chester, VA residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.03%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.32k people

7.05%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.59k people

As of 2017, 6.03% of Chester, VA residents (1.32k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Chester, VA was 7.05%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Chester, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

97.2%

2017 Citizenship

95.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.2% of Chester, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Chester, VA was 95.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Chester, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    15k ± 917

  2. Black or African American Alone

    4.26k ± 607

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.54k ± 563

In 2017, there were 3.52 times more White Alone residents (15k people) in Chester, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.26k Black or African American Alone and 1.54k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Chester, VA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    638 ± 201

  2. Vietnam

    567 ± 153

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    309 ± 106

Chester, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Chester, VA awarded 1,755 degrees. The student population of Chester, VA is skewed towards women, with 4,496 male students and 5,884 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Chester, VA are White (1,123 and 64.1%), followed by Black or African American (343 and 19.6%), Hispanic or Latino (120 and 6.85%), and Two or More Races (84 and 4.8%).

The largest universities in Chester, VA by number of degrees awarded are John Tyler Community College (1,755 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Chester, VA are General Studies (404 and 23%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (375 and 21.4%), and Registered Nursing (259 and 14.8%).

The median tuition costs in Chester, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 404 degrees awarded

  2. 129 degrees awarded

  3. 90 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Chester, VA was General Studies with 404 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Chester, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,755 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Chester, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was John Tyler Community College with 1,755 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

684

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,071

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 684 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Chester, VA, which is 0.639 times less than the 1,071 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Chester, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,123 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    343 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    120 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Chester, VA were to White students. These 1,123 degrees mean that there were 3.27 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 343 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Chester, VA was $207,600 in 2017, which is 0.904 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $203,500 to $207,600, a 2.01% increase. The homeownership rate in Chester, VA is 70.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Chester, VA have an average commute time of 23.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Chester, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$207,600

2017 Median

± $8,507

$203,500

2016 Median

± $8,166

In 2017, the median property value in Chester, VA grew to to $207,600 from the previous year's value of $203,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Chester, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chester, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$67,425

Median Household Income

± $7,302

8.13k

Number of Households

± 658

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.13k households in Chester, VA grew to $67,425 from the previous year's value of $65,346.

The following chart displays the households in Chester, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$1,500 - $2k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Chester, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chester, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $1,500 - $2k range.

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Rent vs Own

70.2%

2017 Homeownership

68.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.2% of the housing units in Chester, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Chester, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Chester, VA have a shorter commute time (23.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.673% of the workforce in Chester, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Chester, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.3%

  2. Carpooled

    10.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.28%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Chester, VA was Drove Alone (83.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.5%) and those who Worked At Home (3.28%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Chester, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Chester, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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