Vermillion, SD

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Population

10,687

0.844% decline

Median Age

23.4


Median Household Income

$34,972

12.3% growth

Poverty Rate

32%


Number of Employees

5,984

0.945% growth

Median Property Value

$136,100

2.33% growth

About

In 2017, Vermillion, SD had a population of 10.7k people with a median age of 23.4 and a median household income of $34,972. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Vermillion, SD declined from 10,778 to 10,687, a -0.844% decrease and its median household income grew from $31,155 to $34,972, a 12.3% increase.

The population of Vermillion, SD is 85.3% White Alone, 3.7% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 3.2% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Vermillion, SD speak a non-English language, and 97.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Vermillion, SD are University of South Dakota (2,224 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Vermillion, SD is $136,100, and the homeownership rate is 41.3%. Most people in Vermillion, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 13 minutes. The average car ownership in Vermillion, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Vermillion, SD employs 5.98k people. The largest industries in Vermillion, SD are Educational Services (1,675 people), Retail Trade (928 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (884 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($49,234), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,944), and Wholesale Trade ($41,550).

Median household income in Vermillion, SD is $34,972. Males in Vermillion, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Vermillion, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,972

2017 value

± $5,152

12.3%

1 Year Growth

± 15.2%

Households in Vermillion, SD have a median annual income of $34,972, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,155 in 2016, which represents a 12.3% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Vermillion, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Vermillion, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9657

  2. Census Tract 9659

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Vermillion, SD was Census Tract 9657 with a value of $42,125, followed by Census Tract 9659 and N/A, with respective values of $28,875 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Vermillion, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

32% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Vermillion, SD (2.75k out of 8.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,271 ± 273

  2. Native American

    224 ± 149

  3. Asian

    131 ± 101

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Vermillion, SD is White, followed by Native American and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.98k

2017 Value

± 489

0.945%

1 Year growth

± 11.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Vermillion, SD grew at a rate of 0.945%, from 5.93k employees to 5.98k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Vermillion, SD, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (947 people), Sales & Related Occupations (710 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (706 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Vermillion, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Vermillion, SD, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (947 people), Sales & Related Occupations (710 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (706 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Vermillion, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2.62 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.53 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2.02 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Vermillion, SD, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($57,560), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($52,986), and Management Occupations ($48,077).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.98k

2017 Value

± 489

0.945%

1 Year growth

± 11.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Vermillion, SD grew at a rate of 0.945%, from 5.93k employees to 5.98k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Vermillion, SD, are Educational Services (1,675 people), Retail Trade (928 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (884 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Vermillion, SD, though some of these residents may live in Vermillion, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Vermillion, SD, by number of employees, are Educational Services (1,675 people), Retail Trade (928 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (884 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Vermillion, SD has an unusually high number of Educational Services (3.02 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.94 times), and Retail Trade (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Vermillion, SD, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($49,234), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,944), and Wholesale Trade ($41,550).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. ($4.44B) and Live animals/fish ($4.29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.6% of the population of Vermillion, SD has health coverage, with 56.1% on employee plans, 9.87% on Medicaid, 5.55% on Medicare, 16.5% on non-group plans, and 2.61% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Vermillion, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Vermillion, SD see 1293 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 610 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

1,293 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Dakota see an average of 1,293 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1,331 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.39%

Uninsured

56.1%

Employer Coverage

9.87%

Medicaid

5.55%

Medicare

16.5%

Non-Group

2.61%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Vermillion, SD declined by 5.56% from 9.94% to 9.39%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Vermillion, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Vermillion, SD is home to a population of 10.7k people, from which 97.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Vermillion, SD residents were born outside of the country (447 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Vermillion, SD is composed of 9.12k White Alone residents (85.3%), 395 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.7%), 342 Asian Alone residents (3.2%), 329 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.08%), 300 Two or More Races residents (2.81%), 203 Black or African American Alone residents (1.9%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Vermillion, SD are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

23

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

31

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Vermillion, SD was 23.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 23, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Vermillion, SD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Vermillion, SD residents was 23.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    447 people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Vermillion, SD residents (447 people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Vermillion, SD was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Vermillion, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

97.1%

2017 Citizenship

96.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.1% of Vermillion, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Vermillion, SD was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Vermillion, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    9.12k ± 66

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    395 ± 193

  3. Asian Alone

    342 ± 50

In 2017, there were 23.1 times more White Alone residents (9.12k people) in Vermillion, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 395 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 342 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Vermillion, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Vermillion, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Vermillion, SD was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Vermillion, SD are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    126 ± 80

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    118 ± 77

  3. Korea

    81 ± 46

Vermillion, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Vermillion, SD awarded 2,224 degrees. The student population of Vermillion, SD is skewed towards women, with 3,927 male students and 6,111 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Vermillion, SD are White (1,949 and 90%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (61 and 2.82%), Two or More Races (43 and 1.99%), and Black or African American (34 and 1.57%).

The largest universities in Vermillion, SD by number of degrees awarded are University of South Dakota (2,224 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Vermillion, SD are Registered Nursing (246 and 11.1%), General Business Administration & Management (136 and 6.12%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (110 and 4.95%).

The median tuition costs in Vermillion, SD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,155 and $10,386 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 230 degrees awarded

  2. 108 degrees awarded

  3. 99 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Vermillion, SD was Registered Nursing with 230 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Vermillion, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

2,224 degrees awarded

$7,155

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Vermillion, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Dakota with 2,224 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

785

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,439

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 785 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Vermillion, SD, which is 0.546 times less than the 1,439 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Vermillion, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,949 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    61 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    43 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Vermillion, SD were to White students. These 1,949 degrees mean that there were 32 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 61 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Vermillion, SD was $136,100 in 2017, which is 0.625 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $133,000 to $136,100, a 2.33% increase. The homeownership rate in Vermillion, SD is 41.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Vermillion, SD have an average commute time of 13 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Vermillion, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$34,972

Median Household Income

± $5,152

4.04k

Number of Households

± 419

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.04k households in Vermillion, SD grew to $34,972 from the previous year's value of $31,155.

The following chart displays the households in Vermillion, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $10k - $15k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$136,100

2017 Median

± $10,063

$133,000

2016 Median

± $13,366

In 2017, the median property value in Vermillion, SD grew to to $136,100 from the previous year's value of $133,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Vermillion, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Vermillion, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Vermillion, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Vermillion, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

41.3%

2017 Homeownership

40%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 41.3% of the housing units in Vermillion, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 40%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Vermillion, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Vermillion, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Vermillion, SD have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

13 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Vermillion, SD have a shorter commute time (13 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.867% of the workforce in Vermillion, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Vermillion, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    69.4%

  2. Walked

    15.7%

  3. Carpooled

    6.52%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Vermillion, SD was Drove Alone (69.4%), followed by those who Walked (15.7%) and those who Carpooled (6.52%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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