Pittsburgh, PA

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Population

302,414

0.399% decline

Median Age

33.3


Median Household Income

$45,851

2.56% growth

Poverty Rate

22%


Number of Employees

157,673

1.16% growth

Median Property Value

$123,600

2.32% growth

About

In 2017, Pittsburgh, PA had a population of 302k people with a median age of 33.3 and a median household income of $45,851. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Pittsburgh, PA declined from 303,624 to 302,414, a -0.399% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,707 to $45,851, a 2.56% increase.

The population of Pittsburgh, PA is 65% White Alone, 21.6% Black or African American Alone, and 6.4% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Pittsburgh, PA speak a non-English language, and 94% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Pittsburgh, PA are University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus (9,843 degrees awarded in 2016), Carnegie Mellon University (4,896 degrees), and Duquesne University (2,838 degrees).

The median property value in Pittsburgh, PA is $123,600, and the homeownership rate is 48.9%. Most people in Pittsburgh, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Pittsburgh, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: West End Overlook in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Economy

The economy of Pittsburgh, PA employs 158k people. The largest industries in Pittsburgh, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,113 people), Educational Services (22,769 people), and Retail Trade (15,422 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,087), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($83,196), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,283).

Median household income in Pittsburgh, PA is $45,851. Males in Pittsburgh, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,375. The income inequality in Pittsburgh, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,851

2017 value

± $2,739

2.56%

1 Year Growth

± 7.51%

Households in Pittsburgh, PA have a median annual income of $45,851, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,707 in 2016, which represents a 2.56% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Pittsburgh, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$68,603

Average Male Salary

± $1,096

$51,375

Average Female Salary

± $811

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,810 ± $3,954

  2. White

    $53,208 ± $684

  3. American Indian

    $47,436 ± $11,968

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Pittsburgh, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

0.468

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.833% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1401

  2. Census Tract 1404

  3. Census Tract 1403

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Pittsburgh, PA was Census Tract 1401 with a value of $177,824, followed by Census Tract 1404 and Census Tract 1403, with respective values of $136,250 and $110,288.

The following map shows all of the places in Pittsburgh, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Pittsburgh, PA (62.1k out of 282k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    29,661 ± 1,249

  2. Black

    23,319 ± 1,014

  3. Asian

    5,055 ± 431

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Pittsburgh, PA is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

158k

2017 Value

± 5,980

1.16%

1 Year growth

± 5.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Pittsburgh, PA grew at a rate of 1.16%, from 156k employees to 158k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Pittsburgh, PA, are Management Occupations (17,295 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,388 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (13,291 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Pittsburgh, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Pittsburgh, PA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (17,295 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,388 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (13,291 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Pittsburgh, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.98 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.96 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.92 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Pittsburgh, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($125,036), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,408), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($66,611).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

158k

2017 Value

± 5,980

1.16%

1 Year growth

± 5.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Pittsburgh, PA grew at a rate of 1.16%, from 156k employees to 158k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Pittsburgh, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,113 people), Educational Services (22,769 people), and Retail Trade (15,422 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Pittsburgh, PA, though some of these residents may live in Pittsburgh, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Pittsburgh, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,113 people), Educational Services (22,769 people), and Retail Trade (15,422 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Pittsburgh, PA has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.4 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.58 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.44 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Pittsburgh, PA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,087), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($83,196), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,283).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.1% of the population of Pittsburgh, PA has health coverage, with 50% on employee plans, 16.8% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 16% on non-group plans, and 1.22% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Pittsburgh, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Pittsburgh, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.86%

Uninsured

50%

Employer Coverage

16.8%

Medicaid

11.1%

Medicare

16%

Non-Group

1.22%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Pittsburgh, PA grew by 13.4% from 4.28% to 4.86%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Pittsburgh, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Pittsburgh, PA is home to a population of 302k people, from which 94% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Pittsburgh, PA residents were born outside of the country (26.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Pittsburgh, PA is composed of 197k White Alone residents (65%), 65.3k Black or African American Alone residents (21.6%), 19.4k Asian Alone residents (6.4%), 10.2k Two or More Races residents (3.38%), 9.21k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.05%), 1.26k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.417%), 363 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.12%), and 34 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0112%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Pittsburgh, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

34

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Pittsburgh, PA was 33.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Pittsburgh, PA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Pittsburgh, PA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    26.1k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Pittsburgh, PA residents (26.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Pittsburgh, PA was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Pittsburgh, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    87,349 ± 7,231 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    68,083 ± 6,389 people

  3. China

    58,224 ± 5,911 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 87,349 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 68,083 and China with 58,224.

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Citizenship

94%

2017 Citizenship

94.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94% of Pittsburgh, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Pittsburgh, PA was 94.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Pittsburgh, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    197k ± 5.29k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    65.3k ± 5.01k

  3. Asian Alone

    19.4k ± 2.83k

In 2017, there were 3.01 times more White Alone residents (197k people) in Pittsburgh, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 65.3k Black or African American Alone and 19.4k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Pittsburgh, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Pittsburgh, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Pittsburgh, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Pittsburgh, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,397 ± 989

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,221 ± 866

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,455 ± 553

Pittsburgh, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Pittsburgh, PA awarded 25,607 degrees. The student population of Pittsburgh, PA is skewed towards women, with 37,533 male students and 46,279 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Pittsburgh, PA are White (15,956 and 72.7%), followed by Black or African American (1,868 and 8.51%), Asian (1,531 and 6.97%), and Unknown (1,298 and 5.91%).

The largest universities in Pittsburgh, PA by number of degrees awarded are University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus (9,843 and 38.4%), Carnegie Mellon University (4,896 and 19.1%), and Duquesne University (2,838 and 11.1%).

The most popular majors in Pittsburgh, PA are General Business Administration & Management (1,237 and 4.83%), Registered Nursing (1,167 and 4.56%), and Information Technology (684 and 2.67%).

The median tuition costs in Pittsburgh, PA are $34,195 for private four year colleges, and $17,688 and $28,828 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 515 degrees awarded

  2. 407 degrees awarded

  3. 392 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Pittsburgh, PA was General Psychology with 515 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Pittsburgh, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,843 degrees awarded

  2. 4,896 degrees awarded

  3. 2,838 degrees awarded

$17,688

Median In-State Public

$34,195

Median Private

In 2016, the Pittsburgh, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus with 9,843 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

11,277

Degrees Awarded to Men

14,330

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 11,277 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Pittsburgh, PA, which is 0.787 times less than the 14,330 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Pittsburgh, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    15,956 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,868 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    1,531 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Pittsburgh, PA were to White students. These 15,956 degrees mean that there were 8.54 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,868 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Pittsburgh, PA was $123,600 in 2017, which is 0.568 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $120,800 to $123,600, a 2.32% increase. The homeownership rate in Pittsburgh, PA is 48.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Pittsburgh, PA have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Pittsburgh, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,851

Median Household Income

± $2,739

137k

Number of Households

± 5,633

In 2017, the median household income of the 137k households in Pittsburgh, PA grew to $45,851 from the previous year's value of $44,707.

The following chart displays the households in Pittsburgh, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$123,600

2017 Median

± $6,302

$120,800

2016 Median

± $5,301

In 2017, the median property value in Pittsburgh, PA grew to to $123,600 from the previous year's value of $120,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Pittsburgh, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Pittsburgh, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Pittsburgh, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Pittsburgh, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

48.9%

2017 Homeownership

47.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 48.9% of the housing units in Pittsburgh, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Pittsburgh, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Pittsburgh, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Pittsburgh, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Pittsburgh, PA have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.95% of the workforce in Pittsburgh, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Pittsburgh, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    56.6%

  2. Public Transit

    17.7%

  3. Walked

    10.8%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Pittsburgh, PA was Drove Alone (56.6%), followed by those who Public Transit (17.7%) and those who Walked (10.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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