Lancaster, OH

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Population

39,732

0.631% growth

Median Age

39


Median Household Income

$40,235

4.17% growth

Poverty Rate

19.6%


Number of Employees

17,002

2.36% growth

Median Property Value

$118,100

0.854% growth

About

In 2017, Lancaster, OH had a population of 39.7k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $40,235. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lancaster, OH grew from 39,483 to 39,732, a 0.631% increase and its median household income grew from $38,625 to $40,235, a 4.17% increase.

The population of Lancaster, OH is 93.4% White Alone, 2.2% Two or More Races, and 2.05% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Lancaster, OH speak a non-English language, and 99.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lancaster, OH are Ohio University-Lancaster Campus (119 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Lancaster, OH is $118,100, and the homeownership rate is 53%. Most people in Lancaster, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Lancaster, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Lancaster, OH employs 17k people. The largest industries in Lancaster, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,760 people), Retail Trade (2,748 people), and Manufacturing (2,285 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($83,417), Public Administration ($47,083), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,038).

Median household income in Lancaster, OH is $40,235. Males in Lancaster, OH have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,809. The income inequality in Lancaster, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,235

2017 value

± $2,266

4.17%

1 Year Growth

± 9.89%

Households in Lancaster, OH have a median annual income of $40,235, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,625 in 2016, which represents a 4.17% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lancaster, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$61,819

Average Male Salary

± $967

$45,809

Average Female Salary

± $722

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,297 ± $5,164

  2. White

    $47,402 ± $598

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $43,729 ± $34,565

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.29 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lancaster, OH is from Ohio.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0776% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 309

  2. Census Tract 325

  3. Census Tract 310

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lancaster, OH was Census Tract 309 with a value of $71,639, followed by Census Tract 325 and Census Tract 310, with respective values of $64,832 and $60,188.

The following map shows all of the places in Lancaster, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lancaster, OH (7.62k out of 38.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females < 5 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,921 ± 623

  2. Black

    383 ± 180

  3. Hispanic

    290 ± 138

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lancaster, OH is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

17k

2017 Value

± 857

2.36%

1 Year growth

± 7.04%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lancaster, OH grew at a rate of 2.36%, from 16.6k employees to 17k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lancaster, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,725 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,136 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,632 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lancaster, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lancaster, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,725 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,136 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,632 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Lancaster, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.64 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.46 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lancaster, OH, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($79,643), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($73,309), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($60,247).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

17k

2017 Value

± 857

2.36%

1 Year growth

± 7.04%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lancaster, OH grew at a rate of 2.36%, from 16.6k employees to 17k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lancaster, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,760 people), Retail Trade (2,748 people), and Manufacturing (2,285 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lancaster, OH, though some of these residents may live in Lancaster, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lancaster, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,760 people), Retail Trade (2,748 people), and Manufacturing (2,285 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Lancaster, OH has an unusually high number of Retail Trade (1.42 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.4 times), and Manufacturing (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lancaster, OH, by median earnings, are Utilities ($83,417), Public Administration ($47,083), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,038).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $68.6B

  2. $67.9B

  3. $51B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $68.6B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($67.9B) and Machinery ($51B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$675B

2020 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

41.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $675B. This is expected to increase 41.1% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $49.2B

  2. $37.6B

  3. $35.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $49.2B, followed by Indiana with $37.6B and Pennsylvania and $35.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.9% of the population of Lancaster, OH has health coverage, with 42.3% on employee plans, 25.7% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 1.88% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Lancaster, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Lancaster, OH see 1529 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.36% decrease from the previous year (1566 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2062 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1017 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Fairfield County, OH.

1,529 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Fairfield County, OH see an average of 1,529 patients per year. This represents a 2.36% decrease from the previous year (1,566 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fairfield County, OH in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.15%

Uninsured

42.3%

Employer Coverage

25.7%

Medicaid

12.3%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

1.88%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lancaster, OH declined by 16.8% from 8.59% to 7.15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lancaster, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lancaster, OH is home to a population of 39.7k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.03% of Lancaster, OH residents were born outside of the country (409 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Lancaster, OH is composed of 37.1k White Alone residents (93.4%), 876 Two or More Races residents (2.2%), 815 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.05%), 697 Black or African American Alone residents (1.75%), 171 Asian Alone residents (0.43%), 46 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.116%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.5

54

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lancaster, OH was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 54. But people in Lancaster, OH are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Lancaster, OH residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.03%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

409 people

1.25%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

492 people

As of 2017, 1.03% of Lancaster, OH residents (409 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lancaster, OH was 1.25%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lancaster, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    56,561 ± 5,825 people

  2. Mexico

    44,953 ± 5,195 people

  3. China

    32,750 ± 4,437 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 56,561 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,953 and China with 32,750.

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Citizenship

99.8%

2017 Citizenship

99.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.8% of Lancaster, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lancaster, OH was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lancaster, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    37.1k ± 470

  2. Two or More Races

    876 ± 311

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    815 ± 246

In 2017, there were 42.4 times more White Alone residents (37.1k people) in Lancaster, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 876 Two or More Races and 815 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lancaster, OH as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,013 ± 180

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    419 ± 121

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    354 ± 113

Lancaster, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.42 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Lancaster, OH awarded 119 degrees. The student population of Lancaster, OH is skewed towards women, with 645 male students and 970 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lancaster, OH are White (110 and 92.4%), followed by Two or More Races (4 and 3.36%), Black or African American (3 and 2.52%), and Hispanic or Latino (1 and 0.84%).

The largest universities in Lancaster, OH by number of degrees awarded are Ohio University-Lancaster Campus (119 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Lancaster, OH are Liberal Arts & Sciences (37 and 31.1%), General Business Administration & Management (14 and 11.8%), and General Management Information Systems (9 and 7.56%).

The median tuition costs in Lancaster, OH are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,994 and $9,530 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Lancaster, OH was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 37 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Lancaster, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

119 degrees awarded

$4,994

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Lancaster, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ohio University-Lancaster Campus with 119 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

40

Degrees Awarded to Men

79

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 40 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lancaster, OH, which is 0.506 times less than the 79 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Lancaster, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    110 degrees awarded

  2. Two or More Races

    4 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    3 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lancaster, OH were to White students. These 110 degrees mean that there were 27.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 4 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lancaster, OH was $118,100 in 2017, which is 0.514 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $117,100 to $118,100, a 0.854% increase. The homeownership rate in Lancaster, OH is 53%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lancaster, OH have an average commute time of 25.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lancaster, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$118,100

2017 Median

± $3,510

$117,100

2016 Median

± $2,952

In 2017, the median property value in Lancaster, OH grew to to $118,100 from the previous year's value of $117,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lancaster, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lancaster, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,235

Median Household Income

± $2,266

16.2k

Number of Households

± 804

In 2017, the median household income of the 16.2k households in Lancaster, OH grew to $40,235 from the previous year's value of $38,625.

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lancaster, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lancaster, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

53%

2017 Homeownership

52.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 53% of the housing units in Lancaster, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 52.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lancaster, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lancaster, OH have a longer commute time (25.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.09% of the workforce in Lancaster, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lancaster, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.6%

  2. Carpooled

    10.1%

  3. Walked

    3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lancaster, OH was Drove Alone (83.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.1%) and those who Walked (3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lancaster, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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