Grand Forks, ND

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Population

56,236

0.725% growth

Median Age

28.6


Median Household Income

$48,241

1.36% growth

Poverty Rate

19.7%


Number of Employees

31,754

0.294% growth

Median Property Value

$186,500

7.99% growth

About

In 2017, Grand Forks, ND had a population of 56.2k people with a median age of 28.6 and a median household income of $48,241. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Grand Forks, ND grew from 55,831 to 56,236, a 0.725% increase and its median household income grew from $47,593 to $48,241, a 1.36% increase.

The population of Grand Forks, ND is 84.5% White Alone, 3.65% Black or African American Alone, and 3.57% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Grand Forks, ND speak a non-English language, and 96.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Grand Forks, ND are University of North Dakota (3,409 degrees awarded in 2016) and Josef's School of Hair Design Inc-Grand Forks (42 degrees).

The median property value in Grand Forks, ND is $186,500, and the homeownership rate is 44.3%. Most people in Grand Forks, ND commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 12.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Grand Forks, ND is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Grand Forks, ND employs 31.8k people. The largest industries in Grand Forks, ND are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,729 people), Retail Trade (4,963 people), and Educational Services (4,627 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,019), Utilities ($63,456), and Public Administration ($48,438).

Median household income in Grand Forks, ND is $48,241. Males in Grand Forks, ND have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,424. The income inequality in Grand Forks, ND (measured using the Gini index) is 0.431, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,241

2017 value

± $2,044

1.36%

1 Year Growth

± 6.6%

Households in Grand Forks, ND have a median annual income of $48,241, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,593 in 2016, which represents a 1.36% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Grand Forks, ND compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Dakota.

$60,998

Average Male Salary

± $3,148

$42,424

Average Female Salary

± $2,091

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Dakota made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $46,817 ± $1,967

  2. Two or More Races

    $38,540 ± $11,502

  3. American Indian

    $36,702 ± $8,076

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Grand Forks, ND is from North Dakota.

0.431

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Dakota was 0.431 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 111

  2. Census Tract 109

  3. Census Tract 110

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Grand Forks, ND was Census Tract 111 with a value of $103,218, followed by Census Tract 109 and Census Tract 110, with respective values of $82,240 and $72,167.

The following map shows all of the places in Grand Forks, ND colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Grand Forks, ND (10.3k out of 52.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,295 ± 632

  2. Black

    763 ± 234

  3. Native American

    571 ± 198

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Grand Forks, ND is White, followed by Black and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

31.8k

2017 Value

± 1,184

0.294%

1 Year growth

± 5.26%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Grand Forks, ND grew at a rate of 0.294%, from 31.7k employees to 31.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Grand Forks, ND, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,406 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,567 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,599 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Grand Forks, ND.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Grand Forks, ND, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,406 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,567 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,599 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Grand Forks, ND has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.74 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.41 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Grand Forks, ND, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,500), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($58,393), and Management Occupations ($56,670).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

31.8k

2017 Value

± 1,184

0.294%

1 Year growth

± 5.26%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Grand Forks, ND grew at a rate of 0.294%, from 31.7k employees to 31.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Grand Forks, ND, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,729 people), Retail Trade (4,963 people), and Educational Services (4,627 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Grand Forks, ND, though some of these residents may live in Grand Forks, ND and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Grand Forks, ND, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,729 people), Retail Trade (4,963 people), and Educational Services (4,627 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Grand Forks, ND has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.85 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.57 times), and Retail Trade (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Grand Forks, ND, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,019), Utilities ($63,456), and Public Administration ($48,438).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $46.1B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound North Dakota product (by dollars) was Crude petroleum with $46.1B, followed by Cereal grains ($11.4B) and Other ag prods. ($10.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Dakota state.

$115B

2015 Value

$123B

Projected 2045 Value

6.79% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Dakota trade was $115B. This is expected to increase 6.79% to $123B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.8B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $8.57B

In 2015, the top outbound North Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $12.8B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Illinois and $8.57B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.5% of the population of Grand Forks, ND has health coverage, with 56.8% on employee plans, 9.84% on Medicaid, 8.09% on Medicare, 15.5% on non-group plans, and 2.31% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Grand Forks, ND was $9,851 in 2014. This is a 4.97% increase from the previous year ($9,385).

Primary care physicians in Grand Forks, ND see 1333 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.22% increase from the previous year (1279 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1553 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 606 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.

1,333 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Dakota see an average of 1,333 patients per year. This represents a 4.22% increase from the previous year (1,279 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Dakota.

$9,851

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,410

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,413

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,461

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.97%, from $9,385 to $9,851.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.49%

Uninsured

56.8%

Employer Coverage

9.84%

Medicaid

8.09%

Medicare

15.5%

Non-Group

2.31%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Grand Forks, ND declined by 4.53% from 7.85% to 7.49%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Grand Forks, ND changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 13% prevalence

  3. 12.7% prevalence

Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Grand Forks, ND is home to a population of 56.2k people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Grand Forks, ND residents were born outside of the country (2.93k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Grand Forks, ND is composed of 47.5k White Alone residents (84.5%), 2.05k Black or African American Alone residents (3.65%), 2.01k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.57%), 1.69k Asian Alone residents (3.01%), 1.6k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (2.84%), 1.21k Two or More Races residents (2.15%), 120 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.213%), and 40 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0711%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Grand Forks, ND are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

28

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

32

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Grand Forks, ND was 28.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 28, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 32. But people in Grand Forks, ND are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Grand Forks, ND residents was 29.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    2.93k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Grand Forks, ND residents (2.93k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Grand Forks, ND was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Grand Forks, ND compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,426 ± 1,434 people

  2. Canada

    2,477 ± 1,220 people

  3. Philippines

    2,077 ± 1,117 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,426 North Dakota residents, followed by Canada with 2,477 and Philippines with 2,077.

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Citizenship

96.5%

2017 Citizenship

97%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.5% of Grand Forks, ND residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Grand Forks, ND was 97%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Grand Forks, ND compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    47.5k ± 294

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.05k ± 240

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.01k ± 430

In 2017, there were 23.1 times more White Alone residents (47.5k people) in Grand Forks, ND than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.05k Black or African American Alone and 2.01k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Grand Forks, ND as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Grand Forks, ND citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Grand Forks, ND was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Grand Forks, ND are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,053 ± 190

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    956 ± 211

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    350 ± 99

Grand Forks, ND has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Grand Forks, ND awarded 3,451 degrees. The student population of Grand Forks, ND is skewed towards men, with 7,679 male students and 7,026 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Grand Forks, ND are White (2,833 and 86.2%), followed by Unknown (123 and 3.74%), Two or More Races (94 and 2.86%), and Hispanic or Latino (74 and 2.25%).

The largest universities in Grand Forks, ND by number of degrees awarded are University of North Dakota (3,409 and 98.8%) and Josef's School of Hair Design Inc-Grand Forks (42 and 1.22%).

The most popular majors in Grand Forks, ND are Registered Nursing (206 and 5.97%), General Psychology (142 and 4.11%), and Social Work (128 and 3.71%).

The median tuition costs in Grand Forks, ND are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,679 and $17,833 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 134 degrees awarded

  2. 129 degrees awarded

  3. 120 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Grand Forks, ND was General Psychology with 134 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Grand Forks, ND according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,409 degrees awarded

  2. 42 degrees awarded

$6,679

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Grand Forks, ND institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Dakota with 3,409 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,538

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,913

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,538 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Grand Forks, ND, which is 0.804 times less than the 1,913 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Grand Forks, ND by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,833 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    123 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    94 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Grand Forks, ND were to White students. These 2,833 degrees mean that there were 23 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 123 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Grand Forks, ND was $186,500 in 2017, which is 0.857 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $172,700 to $186,500, a 7.99% increase. The homeownership rate in Grand Forks, ND is 44.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Grand Forks, ND have an average commute time of 12.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Grand Forks, ND is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,241

Median Household Income

± $2,044

24.5k

Number of Households

± 1,042

In 2017, the median household income of the 24.5k households in Grand Forks, ND grew to $48,241 from the previous year's value of $47,593.

The following chart displays the households in Grand Forks, ND distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$186,500

2017 Median

± $5,449

$172,700

2016 Median

± $4,433

In 2017, the median property value in Grand Forks, ND grew to to $186,500 from the previous year's value of $172,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Grand Forks, ND compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Grand Forks, ND the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Grand Forks, ND distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Grand Forks, ND the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

44.3%

2017 Homeownership

45.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 44.3% of the housing units in Grand Forks, ND were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 45.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Grand Forks, ND compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Grand Forks, ND distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Grand Forks, ND have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

12.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Grand Forks, ND have a shorter commute time (12.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.571% of the workforce in Grand Forks, ND have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Grand Forks, ND compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.9%

  2. Carpooled

    7.45%

  3. Walked

    4.11%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Grand Forks, ND was Drove Alone (81.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.45%) and those who Walked (4.11%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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