Elizabeth City, NC

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Population

17,732

1.63% decline

Median Age

32.7


Median Household Income

$34,424

3.07% growth

Poverty Rate

26.7%


Number of Employees

6,685

1.34% decline

Median Property Value

$137,200

6.36% growth

About

In 2017, Elizabeth City, NC had a population of 17.7k people with a median age of 32.7 and a median household income of $34,424. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elizabeth City, NC declined from 18,025 to 17,732, a -1.63% decrease and its median household income grew from $33,398 to $34,424, a 3.07% increase.

The population of Elizabeth City, NC is 51.9% Black or African American Alone, 38.7% White Alone, and 6.6% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Elizabeth City, NC speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Elizabeth City, NC are College of the Albemarle (439 degrees awarded in 2016), Elizabeth City State University (327 degrees), and Mid-Atlantic Christian University (66 degrees).

The median property value in Elizabeth City, NC is $137,200, and the homeownership rate is 38.2%. Most people in Elizabeth City, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Elizabeth City, NC is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Elizabeth City, NC employs 6.69k people. The largest industries in Elizabeth City, NC are Retail Trade (977 people), Educational Services (955 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (932 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($50,725), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,725), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($42,941).

Median household income in Elizabeth City, NC is $34,424. Males in Elizabeth City, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,729. The income inequality in Elizabeth City, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,424

2017 value

± $2,785

3.07%

1 Year Growth

± 11.6%

Households in Elizabeth City, NC have a median annual income of $34,424, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,398 in 2016, which represents a 3.07% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Elizabeth City, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$59,982

Average Male Salary

± $1,136

$44,729

Average Female Salary

± $812

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,267 ± $4,472

  2. White

    $49,962 ± $811

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,539 ± $3,942

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elizabeth City, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.39% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9605.02

  2. Census Tract 9606

  3. Census Tract 9605.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elizabeth City, NC was Census Tract 9605.02 with a value of $56,065, followed by Census Tract 9606 and Census Tract 9605.01, with respective values of $53,492 and $48,837.

The following map shows all of the places in Elizabeth City, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elizabeth City, NC (4.27k out of 16k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    2,400 ± 333

  2. White

    1,644 ± 296

  3. Hispanic

    468 ± 221

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elizabeth City, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.69k

2017 Value

± 584

-1.34%

1 Year decline

± 12.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elizabeth City, NC declined at a rate of -1.34%, from 6.78k employees to 6.69k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elizabeth City, NC, are Sales & Related Occupations (912 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (628 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (612 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elizabeth City, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elizabeth City, NC, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (912 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (628 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (612 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elizabeth City, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (2.62 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.6 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.57 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elizabeth City, NC, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($132,891), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($75,167), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($57,458).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.69k

2017 Value

± 584

-1.34%

1 Year decline

± 12.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elizabeth City, NC declined at a rate of -1.34%, from 6.78k employees to 6.69k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elizabeth City, NC, are Retail Trade (977 people), Educational Services (955 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (932 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elizabeth City, NC, though some of these residents may live in Elizabeth City, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elizabeth City, NC, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (977 people), Educational Services (955 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (932 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elizabeth City, NC has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.7 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.54 times), and Retail Trade (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elizabeth City, NC, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($50,725), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,725), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($42,941).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.7% of the population of Elizabeth City, NC has health coverage, with 25.4% on employee plans, 27.7% on Medicaid, 8.84% on Medicare, 18.7% on non-group plans, and 3.02% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Elizabeth City, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Elizabeth City, NC see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

1,417 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1,410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.3%

Uninsured

25.4%

Employer Coverage

27.7%

Medicaid

8.84%

Medicare

18.7%

Non-Group

3.02%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elizabeth City, NC declined by 10.6% from 18.2% to 16.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elizabeth City, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elizabeth City, NC is home to a population of 17.7k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.77% of Elizabeth City, NC residents were born outside of the country (669 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Elizabeth City, NC is composed of 9.2k Black or African American Alone residents (51.9%), 6.86k White Alone residents (38.7%), 1.17k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.6%), 292 Two or More Races residents (1.65%), 144 Asian Alone residents (0.812%), 50 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.282%), 13 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0733%), and 9 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0508%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Elizabeth City, NC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.8

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 9.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elizabeth City, NC was 32.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Elizabeth City, NC are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Elizabeth City, NC residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.77%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

669 people

3.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

613 people

As of 2017, 3.77% of Elizabeth City, NC residents (669 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elizabeth City, NC was 3.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elizabeth City, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    242,756 ± 11,950 people

  2. India

    60,392 ± 6,015 people

  3. Honduras

    34,513 ± 4,553 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 242,756 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 60,392 and Honduras with 34,513.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Elizabeth City, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elizabeth City, NC was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elizabeth City, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    9.2k ± 538

  2. White Alone

    6.86k ± 442

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.17k ± 286

In 2017, there were 1.34 times more Black or African American Alone residents (9.2k people) in Elizabeth City, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.86k White Alone and 1.17k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Elizabeth City, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Elizabeth City, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Elizabeth City, NC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Elizabeth City, NC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    346 ± 105

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    279 ± 123

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    218 ± 96

Elizabeth City, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.24 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Elizabeth City, NC awarded 832 degrees. The student population of Elizabeth City, NC is skewed towards women, with 1,499 male students and 2,320 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Elizabeth City, NC are White (415 and 51.7%), followed by Black or African American (323 and 40.2%), Unknown (43 and 5.35%), and Hispanic or Latino (12 and 1.49%).

The largest universities in Elizabeth City, NC by number of degrees awarded are College of the Albemarle (439 and 52.8%), Elizabeth City State University (327 and 39.3%), and Mid-Atlantic Christian University (66 and 7.93%).

The most popular majors in Elizabeth City, NC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (95 and 11.4%), General Business Administration & Management (59 and 7.09%), and Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (43 and 5.17%).

The median tuition costs in Elizabeth City, NC are $13,600 for private four year colleges, and $2,800 and $15,771 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 44 degrees awarded

  2. 30 degrees awarded

  3. 26 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Elizabeth City, NC was General Business Administration & Management with 44 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Elizabeth City, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 439 degrees awarded

  2. 327 degrees awarded

  3. 66 degrees awarded

$2,800

Median In-State Public

$13,600

Median Private

In 2016, the Elizabeth City, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was College of the Albemarle with 439 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

314

Degrees Awarded to Men

518

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 314 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Elizabeth City, NC, which is 0.606 times less than the 518 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Elizabeth City, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    415 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    323 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    43 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Elizabeth City, NC were to White students. These 415 degrees mean that there were 1.28 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 323 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elizabeth City, NC was $137,200 in 2017, which is 0.631 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $129,000 to $137,200, a 6.36% increase. The homeownership rate in Elizabeth City, NC is 38.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elizabeth City, NC have an average commute time of 26.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elizabeth City, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$34,424

Median Household Income

± $2,785

6.58k

Number of Households

± 536

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.58k households in Elizabeth City, NC grew to $34,424 from the previous year's value of $33,398.

The following chart displays the households in Elizabeth City, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$137,200

2017 Median

± $12,354

$129,000

2016 Median

± $11,737

In 2017, the median property value in Elizabeth City, NC grew to to $137,200 from the previous year's value of $129,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elizabeth City, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elizabeth City, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elizabeth City, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elizabeth City, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

38.2%

2017 Homeownership

39.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 38.2% of the housing units in Elizabeth City, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 39.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elizabeth City, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elizabeth City, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elizabeth City, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

26.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elizabeth City, NC have a longer commute time (26.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 5.24% of the workforce in Elizabeth City, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elizabeth City, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.1%

  2. Carpooled

    13.3%

  3. Walked

    4.73%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elizabeth City, NC was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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