Durham, NC

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Population

267,932

1.88% growth

Median Age

34.2


Median Household Income

$56,375

7.98% growth

Poverty Rate

17.4%


Number of Employees

139,685

0.785% decline

Median Property Value

$230,100

17.3% growth

About

In 2017, Durham, NC had a population of 268k people with a median age of 34.2 and a median household income of $56,375. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Durham, NC grew from 262,989 to 267,932, a 1.88% increase and its median household income grew from $52,208 to $56,375, a 7.98% increase.

The population of Durham, NC is 40% White Alone, 37.8% Black or African American Alone, and 13.2% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Durham, NC speak a non-English language, and 88.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Durham, NC are Duke University (5,822 degrees awarded in 2016), North Carolina Central University (1,673 degrees), and Durham Technical Community College (959 degrees).

The median property value in Durham, NC is $230,100, and the homeownership rate is 47.8%. Most people in Durham, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Durham, NC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Durham, NC

Economy

The economy of Durham, NC employs 140k people. The largest industries in Durham, NC are Educational Services (22,570 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (22,388 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (13,941 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($67,438), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($67,234), and Information ($61,517).

Median household income in Durham, NC is $56,375. Males in Durham, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,208. The income inequality in Durham, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,375

2017 value

± $4,188

7.98%

1 Year Growth

± 7.84%

Households in Durham, NC have a median annual income of $56,375, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,208 in 2016, which represents a 7.98% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Durham, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,048

Average Male Salary

± $1,147

$46,208

Average Female Salary

± $809

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,340 ± $4,747

  2. White

    $51,739 ± $820

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $47,717 ± $31,159

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Durham, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.293% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 20.08

  2. Census Tract 20.20

  3. Census Tract 112.04

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Durham, NC was Census Tract 20.08 with a value of $138,971, followed by Census Tract 20.20 and Census Tract 112.04, with respective values of $127,554 and $113,555.

The following map shows all of the places in Durham, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Durham, NC (43.1k out of 248k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    21,672 ± 1,207

  2. White

    14,880 ± 978

  3. Hispanic

    10,936 ± 912

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Durham, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

140k

2017 Value

± 6,867

-0.785%

1 Year decline

± 6.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Durham, NC declined at a rate of -0.785%, from 141k employees to 140k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Durham, NC, are Management Occupations (16,729 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,163 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (12,597 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Durham, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Durham, NC, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (16,729 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,163 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (12,597 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Durham, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (3.57 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.97 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.68 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Durham, NC, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,009), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,961), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($70,631).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

140k

2017 Value

± 6,867

-0.785%

1 Year decline

± 6.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Durham, NC declined at a rate of -0.785%, from 141k employees to 140k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Durham, NC, are Educational Services (22,570 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (22,388 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (13,941 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Durham, NC, though some of these residents may live in Durham, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Durham, NC, by number of employees, are Educational Services (22,570 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (22,388 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (13,941 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Durham, NC has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.77 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.34 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Durham, NC, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($67,438), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($67,234), and Information ($61,517).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.5% of the population of Durham, NC has health coverage, with 48.8% on employee plans, 16.9% on Medicaid, 8.87% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 0.887% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Durham, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Durham, NC see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

1,417 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1,410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.5%

Uninsured

48.8%

Employer Coverage

16.9%

Medicaid

8.87%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

0.887%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Durham, NC declined by 3.65% from 13% to 12.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Durham, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Durham, NC is home to a population of 268k people, from which 88.9% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Durham, NC residents were born outside of the country (37.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Durham, NC is composed of 107k White Alone residents (40%), 101k Black or African American Alone residents (37.8%), 35.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (13.2%), 13.3k Asian Alone residents (4.98%), 7.78k Two or More Races residents (2.9%), 2.43k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.907%), 567 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.212%), and 123 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0459%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Durham, NC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Durham, NC was 34.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Durham, NC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Durham, NC residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    37.8k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Durham, NC residents (37.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Durham, NC was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Durham, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,569 ± 11,827 people

  2. India

    71,743 ± 6,553 people

  3. Honduras

    36,265 ± 4,667 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 237,569 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,743 and Honduras with 36,265.

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Citizenship

88.9%

2017 Citizenship

89.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 88.9% of Durham, NC residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Durham, NC was 89.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Durham, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    107k ± 2.8k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    101k ± 4.28k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    35.4k ± 4.93k

In 2017, there were 1.06 times more White Alone residents (107k people) in Durham, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 101k Black or African American Alone and 35.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Durham, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Durham, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Durham, NC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Durham, NC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,597 ± 947

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,379 ± 903

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,319 ± 579

Durham, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Durham, NC awarded 8,795 degrees. The student population of Durham, NC is skewed towards women, with 13,201 male students and 17,534 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Durham, NC are White (3,261 and 43.2%), followed by Black or African American (2,004 and 26.5%), Asian (839 and 11.1%), and Unknown (767 and 10.2%).

The largest universities in Durham, NC by number of degrees awarded are Duke University (5,822 and 66.2%), North Carolina Central University (1,673 and 19%), and Durham Technical Community College (959 and 10.9%).

The most popular majors in Durham, NC are General Business Administration & Management (1,017 and 11.6%), Law (401 and 4.56%), and Registered Nursing (330 and 3.75%).

The median tuition costs in Durham, NC are $27,188 for private four year colleges, and $3,655 and $16,113 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 253 degrees awarded

  2. 250 degrees awarded

  3. 210 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Durham, NC was General Biological Sciences with 253 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Durham, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,822 degrees awarded

  2. 1,673 degrees awarded

  3. 959 degrees awarded

$3,655

Median In-State Public

$27,188

Median Private

In 2016, the Durham, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Duke University with 5,822 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,925

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,870

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,925 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Durham, NC, which is 0.806 times less than the 4,870 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Durham, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,261 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,004 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    839 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Durham, NC were to White students. These 3,261 degrees mean that there were 1.63 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,004 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Durham, NC was $230,100 in 2017, which is 1.06 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $196,100 to $230,100, a 17.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Durham, NC is 47.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Durham, NC have an average commute time of 22.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Durham, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,375

Median Household Income

± $4,188

110k

Number of Households

± 5,774

In 2017, the median household income of the 110k households in Durham, NC grew to $56,375 from the previous year's value of $52,208.

The following chart displays the households in Durham, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$230,100

2017 Median

± $8,812

$196,100

2016 Median

± $10,436

In 2017, the median property value in Durham, NC grew to to $230,100 from the previous year's value of $196,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Durham, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Durham, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Durham, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Durham, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

47.8%

2017 Homeownership

47.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 47.8% of the housing units in Durham, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Durham, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Durham, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Durham, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Durham, NC have a shorter commute time (22.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.01% of the workforce in Durham, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Durham, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.54%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.27%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Durham, NC was Drove Alone (78.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.54%) and those who Worked At Home (5.27%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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