Buffalo, NY

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Population

256,322

0.878% decline

Median Age

33.3


Median Household Income

$37,359

7.31% growth

Poverty Rate

30.9%


Number of Employees

114,478

4.78% decline

Median Property Value

$98,300

6.04% growth

About

In 2018, Buffalo, NY had a population of 256k people with a median age of 33.3 and a median household income of $37,359. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Buffalo, NY declined from 258,592 to 256,322, a -0.878% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,814 to $37,359, a 7.31% increase.

The population of Buffalo, NY is 42.5% White Alone, 34.3% Black or African American Alone, and 12.9% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Buffalo, NY speak a non-English language, and 93.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Buffalo, NY are Erie Community College (2,381 degrees awarded in 2017), SUNY Buffalo State (2,276 degrees), and Canisius College (1,333 degrees).

The median property value in Buffalo, NY is $98,300, and the homeownership rate is 41.6%. Most people in Buffalo, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Buffalo, NY is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Buffalo City Hall at twilight.

Economy

The economy of Buffalo, NY employs 114k people. The largest industries in Buffalo, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,598 people), Educational Services (11,731 people), and Retail Trade (11,605 people), and the highest paying industries are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($75,085), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,192), and Public Administration ($60,094).

Median household income in Buffalo, NY is $37,359. Males in Buffalo, NY have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $63,914. The income inequality in Buffalo, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,359

2018 value

± $2,335

7.31%

1 Year Growth

± 8.57%

Households in Buffalo, NY have a median annual income of $37,359, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,814 in 2017, which represents a 7.31% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Buffalo, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

$81,735

Average Male Salary

± $1,216

$63,914

Average Female Salary

± $886

In 2018, full-time male employees in New York made 1.28 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $69,391 ± $897

  2. Asian

    $66,385 ± $2,329

  3. Two or More Races

    $56,062 ± $4,048

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.05 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Buffalo, NY is from New York.

0.493

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in New York was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.874% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 48

  2. Census Tract 63.02

  3. Census Tract 165

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Buffalo, NY was Census Tract 48 with a value of $80,333, followed by Census Tract 63.02 and Census Tract 165, with respective values of $79,674 and $69,632.

The following map shows all of the places in Buffalo, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

30.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Buffalo, NY (77.8k out of 251k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    35,160 ± 1,267

  2. White

    24,185 ± 1,134

  3. Hispanic

    12,990 ± 747

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Buffalo, NY is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

114k

2018 Value

± 5,697

-4.78%

1 Year decline

± 7.29%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Buffalo, NY declined at a rate of -4.78%, from 120k employees to 114k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Buffalo, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,450 people), Management Occupations (9,493 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (9,233 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,450 people), Management Occupations (9,493 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (9,233 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Buffalo, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (2.07 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.76 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($69,328), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($63,559), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($56,495).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

114k

2018 Value

± 5,697

-4.78%

1 Year decline

± 7.29%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Buffalo, NY declined at a rate of -4.78%, from 120k employees to 114k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Buffalo, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,598 people), Educational Services (11,731 people), and Retail Trade (11,605 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Buffalo, NY, though some of these residents may live in Buffalo, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Buffalo, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,598 people), Educational Services (11,731 people), and Retail Trade (11,605 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Buffalo, NY has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.45 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.31 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Buffalo, NY, by median earnings, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($75,085), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,192), and Public Administration ($60,094).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $72.7B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $50B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $72.7B, followed by Electronics ($54.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($50B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$615B

2020 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

38.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $615B. This is expected to increase 38.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.7B

  2. $32.1B

  3. $20.7B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $37.7B, followed by Pennsylvania with $32.1B and Connecticut and $20.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.9% of the population of Buffalo, NY has health coverage, with 36.6% on employee plans, 41.5% on Medicaid, 8.18% on Medicare, 7.62% on non-group plans, and 0.996% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Buffalo, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Buffalo, NY see 1243 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.161% decrease from the previous year (1245 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1241 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 405 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Erie County, NY.

1,243 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Erie County, NY see an average of 1,243 patients per year. This represents a 0.161% decrease from the previous year (1,245 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Erie County, NY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.08%

Uninsured

36.6%

Employer Coverage

41.5%

Medicaid

8.18%

Medicare

7.62%

Non-Group

0.996%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Buffalo, NY grew by 11.2% from 4.57% to 5.08%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Buffalo, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Buffalo, NY is home to a population of 256k people, from which 93.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.49% of Buffalo, NY residents were born outside of the country (24.5k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Buffalo, NY is composed of 109k White Alone residents (42.5%), 88k Black or African American Alone residents (34.3%), 33.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (12.9%), 16.7k Asian Alone residents (6.5%), 8.58k Two or More Races residents (3.35%), 683 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.266%), 371 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.145%), and 22 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00858%).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Buffalo, NY was 33.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Buffalo, NY are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Buffalo, NY residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.49%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

24.5k people

9.01%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

23.1k people

As of 2017, 9.49% of Buffalo, NY residents (24.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Buffalo, NY was 9.01%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Buffalo, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,970 ± 17,236 people

  2. China

    407,280 ± 15,504 people

  3. Mexico

    222,031 ± 11,503 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,970 New York residents, followed by China with 407,280 and Mexico with 222,031.

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Citizenship

93.9%

2018 Citizenship

94.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 93.9% of Buffalo, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Buffalo, NY was 94.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Buffalo, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    109k ± 4.19k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    88k ± 3.91k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    33.1k ± 3.98k

In 2018, there were 1.24 times more White Alone residents (109k people) in Buffalo, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 88k Black or African American Alone and 33.1k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Buffalo, NY as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,981 ± 913

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,971 ± 696

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,421 ± 600

Buffalo, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Buffalo, NY awarded 8,053 degrees. The student population of Buffalo, NY is skewed towards women, with 12,879 male students and 18,475 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Buffalo, NY are White (5,215 and 66.4%), followed by Black or African American (1,115 and 14.2%), Unknown (651 and 8.28%), and Hispanic or Latino (447 and 5.69%).

The largest universities in Buffalo, NY by number of degrees awarded are Erie Community College (2,381 and 29.6%), SUNY Buffalo State (2,276 and 28.3%), and Canisius College (1,333 and 16.6%).

The most popular majors in Buffalo, NY are General Studies (674 and 8.37%), General Business Administration & Management (568 and 7.05%), and Registered Nursing (433 and 5.38%).

The median tuition costs in Buffalo, NY are $26,800 for private four year colleges, and $6,670 and $16,320 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 152 degrees awarded

  2. 148 degrees awarded

  3. 274 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Buffalo, NY was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 152 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Buffalo, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,381 degrees awarded

  2. 2,276 degrees awarded

  3. 1,333 degrees awarded

$6,670

Median In-State Public

$26,800

Median Private

In 2017, the Buffalo, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Erie Community College with 2,381 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,272

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,781

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 3,272 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Buffalo, NY, which is 0.684 times less than the 4,781 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Buffalo, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,215 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,115 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    651 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Buffalo, NY were to White students. These 5,215 degrees mean that there were 4.68 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,115 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Buffalo, NY was $98,300 in 2018, which is 0.428 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $92,700 to $98,300, a 6.04% increase. The homeownership rate in Buffalo, NY is 41.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Buffalo, NY have an average commute time of 18.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Buffalo, NY is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$98,300

2018 Median

± $8,984

$92,700

2017 Median

± $6,027

In 2018, the median property value in Buffalo, NY grew to to $98,300 from the previous year's value of $92,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Buffalo, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buffalo, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,359

Median Household Income

± $2,335

109k

Number of Households

± 5,163

In 2018, the median household income of the 109k households in Buffalo, NY grew to $37,359 from the previous year's value of $34,814.

The following chart displays the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buffalo, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

41.6%

2018 Homeownership

41%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 41.6% of the housing units in Buffalo, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 41%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Buffalo, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Buffalo, NY have a shorter commute time (18.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.966% of the workforce in Buffalo, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Buffalo, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    68.9%

  2. Public Transit

    9.59%

  3. Carpooled

    9.47%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Buffalo, NY was Drove Alone (68.9%), followed by those who Public Transit (9.59%) and those who Carpooled (9.47%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Buffalo, NY have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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