Columbus, GA

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Population

198,647

0.827% decline

Median Age

33.7


Median Household Income

$43,239

1.35% growth

Poverty Rate

21.7%


Number of Employees

79,022

1.2% decline

Median Property Value

$140,200

1.15% growth

About

In 2017, Columbus, GA had a population of 199k people with a median age of 33.7 and a median household income of $43,239. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbus, GA declined from 200,303 to 198,647, a -0.827% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,661 to $43,239, a 1.35% increase.

The population of Columbus, GA is 45% Black or African American Alone, 41.1% White Alone, and 7.49% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Columbus, GA speak a non-English language, and 97.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbus, GA are Columbus State University (1,744 degrees awarded in 2016), Columbus Technical College (1,334 degrees), and Virginia College-Columbus (248 degrees).

The median property value in Columbus, GA is $140,200, and the homeownership rate is 48.4%. Most people in Columbus, GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus, GA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: River Walk, Columbus, GA

Economy

The economy of Columbus, GA employs 79k people. The largest industries in Columbus, GA are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,773 people), Retail Trade (10,083 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (8,303 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($46,796), Public Administration ($45,565), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,723).

Median household income in Columbus, GA is $43,239. Males in Columbus, GA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,261. The income inequality in Columbus, GA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,239

2017 value

± $1,433

1.35%

1 Year Growth

± 4.7%

Households in Columbus, GA have a median annual income of $43,239, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,661 in 2016, which represents a 1.35% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbus, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

$62,744

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$46,261

Average Female Salary

± $830

In 2017, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,486 ± $3,787

  2. White

    $53,819 ± $950

  3. Two or More Races

    $43,415 ± $4,855

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbus, GA is from Georgia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.233% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 103.01

  2. Census Tract 101.07

  3. Census Tract 102.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbus, GA was Census Tract 103.01 with a value of $124,750, followed by Census Tract 101.07 and Census Tract 102.01, with respective values of $85,979 and $84,046.

The following map shows all of the places in Columbus, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbus, GA (41.3k out of 191k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    26,849 ± 1,157

  2. White

    10,030 ± 698

  3. Hispanic

    3,747 ± 463

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbus, GA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

79k

2017 Value

± 2,104

-1.2%

1 Year decline

± 3.82%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus, GA declined at a rate of -1.2%, from 80k employees to 79k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbus, GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,427 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,665 people), and Management Occupations (6,498 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbus, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbus, GA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,427 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,665 people), and Management Occupations (6,498 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbus, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.73 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.46 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbus, GA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($87,213), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,380), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($69,708).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

79k

2017 Value

± 2,104

-1.2%

1 Year decline

± 3.82%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus, GA declined at a rate of -1.2%, from 80k employees to 79k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbus, GA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,773 people), Retail Trade (10,083 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (8,303 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbus, GA, though some of these residents may live in Columbus, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbus, GA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,773 people), Retail Trade (10,083 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (8,303 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbus, GA has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (2.08 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.68 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbus, GA, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($46,796), Public Administration ($45,565), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,723).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $38B

  3. $30.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $48.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($38B) and Electronics ($30.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia state.

$430B

2015 Value

$628B

Projected 2045 Value

46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Georgia trade was $430B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.4B

  2. $25.3B

  3. $20.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $39.4B, followed by South Carolina with $25.3B and North Carolina and $20.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.3% of the population of Columbus, GA has health coverage, with 34.5% on employee plans, 17.8% on Medicaid, 7.47% on Medicare, 16% on non-group plans, and 10.5% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Columbus, GA was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Columbus, GA see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.459% decrease from the previous year (1526 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1984 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 829 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Georgia see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.459% decrease from the previous year (1,526 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Georgia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

$6,587

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,406

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,199

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.7%

Uninsured

34.5%

Employer Coverage

17.8%

Medicaid

7.47%

Medicare

16%

Non-Group

10.5%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbus, GA declined by 6.01% from 14.6% to 13.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbus, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.2% prevalence

  2. 17.3% prevalence

  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbus, GA is home to a population of 199k people, from which 97.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Columbus, GA residents were born outside of the country (11.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbus, GA is composed of 89.4k Black or African American Alone residents (45%), 81.6k White Alone residents (41.1%), 14.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.49%), 6.12k Two or More Races residents (3.08%), 4.71k Asian Alone residents (2.37%), 987 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.497%), 681 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.343%), and 306 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.154%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbus, GA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbus, GA was 33.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Columbus, GA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Columbus, GA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    11.3k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Columbus, GA residents (11.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbus, GA was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbus, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    264,376 ± 12,459 people

  2. India

    85,239 ± 7,138 people

  3. Korea

    45,011 ± 5,197 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 264,376 Georgia residents, followed by India with 85,239 and Korea with 45,011.

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Citizenship

97.1%

2017 Citizenship

97.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.1% of Columbus, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbus, GA was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbus, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    89.4k ± 652

  2. White Alone

    81.6k ± 421

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    14.9k ± 1.14k

In 2017, there were 1.1 times more Black or African American Alone residents (89.4k people) in Columbus, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 81.6k White Alone and 14.9k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbus, GA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Columbus, GA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbus, GA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Columbus, GA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,873 ± 741

  2. Vietnam

    5,074 ± 424

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,180 ± 480

Columbus, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbus, GA awarded 3,559 degrees. The student population of Columbus, GA is skewed towards women, with 4,827 male students and 8,119 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbus, GA are White (1,683 and 47.7%), followed by Black or African American (1,506 and 42.7%), Hispanic or Latino (163 and 4.62%), and Asian (60 and 1.7%).

The largest universities in Columbus, GA by number of degrees awarded are Columbus State University (1,744 and 49%), Columbus Technical College (1,334 and 37.5%), and Virginia College-Columbus (248 and 6.97%).

The most popular majors in Columbus, GA are Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (328 and 9.22%), Registered Nursing (247 and 6.94%), and Other Mechanic & Repair Technologies (176 and 4.95%).

The median tuition costs in Columbus, GA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,181 and $14,755 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 70 degrees awarded

  2. 200 degrees awarded

  3. 74 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbus, GA was General Health Services with 70 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbus, GA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,744 degrees awarded

  2. 1,334 degrees awarded

  3. 248 degrees awarded

$4,181

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbus, GA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Columbus State University with 1,744 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,387

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,172

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,387 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbus, GA, which is 0.639 times less than the 2,172 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Columbus, GA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,683 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,506 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    163 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbus, GA were to White students. These 1,683 degrees mean that there were 1.12 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,506 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbus, GA was $140,200 in 2017, which is 0.644 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $138,600 to $140,200, a 1.15% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbus, GA is 48.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbus, GA have an average commute time of 18.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbus, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,239

Median Household Income

± $1,433

73.2k

Number of Households

± 1,792

In 2017, the median household income of the 73.2k households in Columbus, GA grew to $43,239 from the previous year's value of $42,661.

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$140,200

2017 Median

± $3,205

$138,600

2016 Median

± $3,037

In 2017, the median property value in Columbus, GA grew to to $140,200 from the previous year's value of $138,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbus, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbus, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

48.4%

2017 Homeownership

48.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 48.4% of the housing units in Columbus, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 48.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbus, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbus, GA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbus, GA have a shorter commute time (18.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.65% of the workforce in Columbus, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbus, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.77%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.76%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbus, GA was Drove Alone (79.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.77%) and those who Worked At Home (5.76%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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