Miami, FL

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Population

463,354

2.15% growth

Median Age

39.8


Median Household Income

$40,327

15.5% growth

Poverty Rate

25.8%


Number of Employees

224,661

4.95% growth

Median Property Value

$322,100

16% growth

About

In 2017, Miami, FL had a population of 463k people with a median age of 39.8 and a median household income of $40,327. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Miami, FL grew from 453,584 to 463,354, a 2.15% increase and its median household income grew from $34,901 to $40,327, a 15.5% increase.

The population of Miami, FL is 71.7% Hispanic or Latino, 15.4% Black or African American Alone, and 10.9% White Alone. N/A% of the people in Miami, FL speak a non-English language, and 70.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Miami, FL are Miami Dade College (13,351 degrees awarded in 2016), South Florida Institute of Technology (878 degrees), and AI Miami International University of Art and Design (633 degrees).

The median property value in Miami, FL is $322,100, and the homeownership rate is 28.9%. Most people in Miami, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Miami, FL is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Miami, FL employs 225k people. The largest industries in Miami, FL are Accommodation & Food Services (26,767 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,751 people), and Construction (23,054 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($64,305), Finance & Insurance ($60,169), and Information ($54,076).

Median household income in Miami, FL is $40,327. Males in Miami, FL have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,343. The income inequality in Miami, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,327

2017 value

± $2,658

15.5%

1 Year Growth

± 8.2%

Households in Miami, FL have a median annual income of $40,327, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,901 in 2016, which represents a 15.5% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Miami, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$60,114

Average Male Salary

± $840

$45,343

Average Female Salary

± $594

In 2017, full-time male employees in Miami, FL made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Miami, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,204 ± $3,403

  2. Alaska Native

    $49,633 ± $34,468

  3. White

    $49,322 ± $566

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Miami, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Miami, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Miami, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.211% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 68.02

  2. Census Tract 67.07

  3. Census Tract 67.09

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Miami, FL was Census Tract 68.02 with a value of $130,135, followed by Census Tract 67.07 and Census Tract 67.09, with respective values of $125,707 and $102,157.

The following map shows all of the places in Miami, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Miami, FL (112k out of 435k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    79,092 ± 2,366

  2. White

    75,807 ± 2,387

  3. Black

    30,013 ± 1,457

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Miami, FL is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

225k

2017 Value

± 9,560

4.95%

1 Year growth

± 5.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Miami, FL grew at a rate of 4.95%, from 214k employees to 225k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Miami, FL, are Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (16,125 people), Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (13,512 people), and Construction Laborers (8,341 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Miami, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Miami, FL, by number of employees, are Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (16,125 people), Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (13,512 people), and Construction Laborers (8,341 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Miami, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Preschool & Kinder (13.3 times higher than expected), Other Construction Workers & Helpers (3.32 times), and Construction Laborers (3.08 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Miami, FL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($102,166), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($76,595), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($62,179).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

225k

2017 Value

± 9,560

4.95%

1 Year growth

± 5.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Miami, FL grew at a rate of 4.95%, from 214k employees to 225k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Miami, FL, are Accommodation & Food Services (26,767 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,751 people), and Construction (23,054 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Miami, FL, though some of these residents may live in Miami, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Miami, FL, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (26,767 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,751 people), and Construction (23,054 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Miami, FL has an unusually high number of Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.98 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.62 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.59 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Miami, FL, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($64,305), Finance & Insurance ($60,169), and Information ($54,076).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.9% of the population of Miami, FL has health coverage, with 28.9% on employee plans, 26.6% on Medicaid, 7.56% on Medicare, 17.4% on non-group plans, and 0.385% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Miami, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Miami, FL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1,379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.1%

Uninsured

28.9%

Employer Coverage

26.6%

Medicaid

7.56%

Medicare

17.4%

Non-Group

0.385%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Miami, FL grew by 1.91% from 18.8% to 19.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Miami, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Miami, FL is home to a population of 463k people, from which 70.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 55.4% of Miami, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Miami, FL is composed of 332k Hispanic or Latino residents (71.7%), 71.2k Black or African American Alone residents (15.4%), 50.7k White Alone residents (10.9%), 5.76k Asian Alone residents (1.24%), 2.66k Two or More Races residents (0.575%), 533 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.115%), 179 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0386%), and 79 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.017%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Miami, FL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

26

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.2

49

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Miami, FL was 39.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 26, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Miami, FL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Miami, FL residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

55.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

55%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 55.4% of Miami, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Miami, FL was 55%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Miami, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    984,212 ± 23,779 people

  2. Haiti

    353,866 ± 14,481 people

  3. Colombia

    274,220 ± 12,772 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Miami, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 984,212 Miami, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 353,866 and Colombia with 274,220.

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Citizenship

70.1%

2017 Citizenship

69.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 70.1% of Miami, FL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Miami, FL was 69.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Miami, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    332k ± 11.1k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    71.2k ± 6.91k

  3. White Alone

    50.7k ± 3.74k

In 2017, there were 4.66 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (332k people) in Miami, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 71.2k Black or African American Alone and 50.7k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Miami, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Miami, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Miami, FL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Miami, FL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Miami, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Miami, FL awarded 16,344 degrees. The student population of Miami, FL is skewed towards women, with 26,500 male students and 34,746 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Miami, FL are Hispanic or Latino (11,108 and 72.7%), followed by Black or African American (2,387 and 15.6%), White (1,048 and 6.86%), and Unknown (504 and 3.3%).

The largest universities in Miami, FL by number of degrees awarded are Miami Dade College (13,351 and 81.7%), South Florida Institute of Technology (878 and 5.37%), and AI Miami International University of Art and Design (633 and 3.87%).

The most popular majors in Miami, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (8,911 and 54.5%), Registered Nursing (1,042 and 6.38%), and Other Business Administration, Management, & Operations (500 and 3.06%).

The median tuition costs in Miami, FL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $1,983 and $7,947 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 8,911 degrees awarded

  2. 710 degrees awarded

  3. 129 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Miami, FL was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 8,911 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Miami, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 13,351 degrees awarded

  2. 878 degrees awarded

  3. 633 degrees awarded

$1,983

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Miami, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Miami Dade College with 13,351 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,684

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,660

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,684 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Miami, FL, which is 0.692 times less than the 9,660 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Miami, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    11,108 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,387 degrees awarded

  3. White

    1,048 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Miami, FL were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 11,108 degrees mean that there were 4.65 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,387 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Miami, FL was $322,100 in 2017, which is 1.48 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $277,700 to $322,100, a 16% increase. The homeownership rate in Miami, FL is 28.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Miami, FL have an average commute time of 26.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Miami, FL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,327

Median Household Income

± $2,658

170k

Number of Households

± 7,244

In 2017, the median household income of the 170k households in Miami, FL grew to $40,327 from the previous year's value of $34,901.

The following chart displays the households in Miami, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$322,100

2017 Median

± $16,129

$277,700

2016 Median

± $12,267

In 2017, the median property value in Miami, FL grew to to $322,100 from the previous year's value of $277,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Miami, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Miami, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Miami, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Miami, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

28.9%

2017 Homeownership

30.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 28.9% of the housing units in Miami, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 30.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Miami, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Miami, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Miami, FL have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

26.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Miami, FL have a longer commute time (26.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.2% of the workforce in Miami, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Miami, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    68.1%

  2. Public Transit

    10.1%

  3. Carpooled

    8.93%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Miami, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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