Wilmington, DE

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Population

71,276

0.316% decline

Median Age

35.7


Median Household Income

$40,221

0.389% growth

Poverty Rate

27%


Number of Employees

30,393

2.3% decline

Median Property Value

$165,300

1.79% growth

About

In 2017, Wilmington, DE had a population of 71.3k people with a median age of 35.7 and a median household income of $40,221. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Wilmington, DE declined from 71,502 to 71,276, a -0.316% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,065 to $40,221, a 0.389% increase.

The population of Wilmington, DE is 57.2% Black or African American Alone, 28.3% White Alone, and 10.8% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Wilmington, DE speak a non-English language, and 96.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Wilmington, DE are Delaware College of Art and Design (66 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Wilmington, DE is $165,300, and the homeownership rate is 45.5%. Most people in Wilmington, DE commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Wilmington, DE is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Wilmington, DE employs 30.4k people. The largest industries in Wilmington, DE are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,786 people), Retail Trade (3,715 people), and Finance & Insurance (2,860 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($88,750), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($77,708), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,500).

Median household income in Wilmington, DE is $40,221. Males in Wilmington, DE have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,179. The income inequality in Wilmington, DE (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,221

2017 value

± $2,098

0.389%

1 Year Growth

± 6.9%

Households in Wilmington, DE have a median annual income of $40,221, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,065 in 2016, which represents a 0.389% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Wilmington, DE compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Delaware.

$65,884

Average Male Salary

± $3,695

$52,179

Average Female Salary

± $2,576

In 2017, full-time male employees in Delaware made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Delaware by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Delaware.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,064 ± $11,800

  2. White

    $53,447 ± $2,550

  3. Black

    $42,061 ± $3,431

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Delaware workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Delaware by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Wilmington, DE is from Delaware.

0.454

2017 Wage GINI

0.447

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Delaware was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.5% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Delaware was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Delaware in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Delaware across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 13

  2. Census Tract 12

  3. Census Tract 14

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Wilmington, DE was Census Tract 13 with a value of $102,455, followed by Census Tract 12 and Census Tract 14, with respective values of $81,771 and $56,974.

The following map shows all of the places in Wilmington, DE colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Wilmington, DE (18.5k out of 68.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    13,639 ± 851

  2. White

    3,352 ± 385

  3. Hispanic

    2,312 ± 377

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Wilmington, DE is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

30.4k

2017 Value

± 1,203

-2.3%

1 Year decline

± 5.69%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wilmington, DE declined at a rate of -2.3%, from 31.1k employees to 30.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Wilmington, DE, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,388 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,971 people), and Management Occupations (2,749 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Wilmington, DE.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Wilmington, DE, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,388 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,971 people), and Management Occupations (2,749 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Wilmington, DE has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (2.01 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.93 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.57 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Wilmington, DE, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($87,656), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,889), and Management Occupations ($67,459).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

30.4k

2017 Value

± 1,203

-2.3%

1 Year decline

± 5.69%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wilmington, DE declined at a rate of -2.3%, from 31.1k employees to 30.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Wilmington, DE, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,786 people), Retail Trade (3,715 people), and Finance & Insurance (2,860 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Wilmington, DE, though some of these residents may live in Wilmington, DE and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Wilmington, DE, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,786 people), Retail Trade (3,715 people), and Finance & Insurance (2,860 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Wilmington, DE has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (2.01 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.5 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Wilmington, DE, by median earnings, are Utilities ($88,750), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($77,708), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Delaware to other states, or from other states to Delaware.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $12.1B

  2. $5.16B

  3. $5.09B

In 2015, the top outbound Delaware product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $12.1B, followed by Basic chemicals ($5.16B) and Gasoline ($5.09B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Delaware products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Delaware state.

$45.8B

2015 Value

$80.6B

Projected 2045 Value

75.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Delaware trade was $45.8B. This is expected to increase 75.9% to $80.6B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Delaware trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Delaware to other states, or from other states to Delaware.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $5.19B

  2. $4.06B

  3. $3.03B

In 2015, the top outbound Delaware domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $5.19B, followed by Ohio with $4.06B and Pennsylvania and $3.03B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Delaware shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93% of the population of Wilmington, DE has health coverage, with 40.7% on employee plans, 32.4% on Medicaid, 10.4% on Medicare, 8.81% on non-group plans, and 0.808% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Wilmington, DE was $10,254 in 2014. This is a 5% increase from the previous year ($9,766).

Primary care physicians in Wilmington, DE see 1403 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.52% increase from the previous year (1382 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2074 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 433 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Kent County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, Kent County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Delaware.

1,403 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Delaware see an average of 1,403 patients per year. This represents a 1.52% increase from the previous year (1,382 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Delaware in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Delaware.

$10,254

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,806

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,921

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,460

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Delaware (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5%, from $9,766 to $10,254.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.98%

Uninsured

40.7%

Employer Coverage

32.4%

Medicaid

10.4%

Medicare

8.81%

Non-Group

0.808%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Wilmington, DE declined by 9.28% from 7.7% to 6.98%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Wilmington, DE changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.5% prevalence

  3. 9.8% prevalence

Kent County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Delaware, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Delaware by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Wilmington, DE is home to a population of 71.3k people, from which 96.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.86% of Wilmington, DE residents were born outside of the country (4.18k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Wilmington, DE is composed of 40.8k Black or African American Alone residents (57.2%), 20.2k White Alone residents (28.3%), 7.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.8%), 1.31k Two or More Races residents (1.83%), 1.03k Asian Alone residents (1.45%), 155 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.217%), 123 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.173%), and 13 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0182%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Wilmington, DE are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Wilmington, DE was 35.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Wilmington, DE are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Wilmington, DE residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.86%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.18k people

6.13%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.38k people

As of 2017, 5.86% of Wilmington, DE residents (4.18k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Wilmington, DE was 6.13%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Wilmington, DE compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Delaware.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    16,081 ± 3,087 people

  2. India

    11,282 ± 2,592 people

  3. China

    5,479 ± 1,812 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Delaware was Mexico, the natal country of 16,081 Delaware residents, followed by India with 11,282 and China with 5,479.

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Citizenship

96.4%

2017 Citizenship

96.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.4% of Wilmington, DE residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Wilmington, DE was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Wilmington, DE compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    40.8k ± 1.01k

  2. White Alone

    20.2k ± 875

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    7.7k ± 965

In 2017, there were 2.02 times more Black or African American Alone residents (40.8k people) in Wilmington, DE than any other race or ethnicity. There were 20.2k White Alone and 7.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Wilmington, DE as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Wilmington, DE citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Wilmington, DE was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Wilmington, DE are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,170 ± 248

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    461 ± 140

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    359 ± 112

Wilmington, DE has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.54 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Wilmington, DE awarded 66 degrees. The student population of Wilmington, DE is skewed towards women, with 60 male students and 110 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Wilmington, DE are White (31 and 48.4%), followed by Black or African American (14 and 21.9%), Two or More Races (7 and 10.9%), and Unknown (7 and 10.9%).

The largest universities in Wilmington, DE by number of degrees awarded are Delaware College of Art and Design (66 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Wilmington, DE are Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics, & Special Effects (20 and 30.3%), Graphic Design (14 and 21.2%), and Illustration (14 and 21.2%).

The median tuition costs in Wilmington, DE are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 20 degrees awarded

  2. 14 degrees awarded

  3. 12 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Wilmington, DE was Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics, & Special Effects with 20 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Wilmington, DE according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

66 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Wilmington, DE institution with the largest number of graduating students was Delaware College of Art and Design with 66 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

21

Degrees Awarded to Men

45

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 21 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Wilmington, DE, which is 0.467 times less than the 45 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Wilmington, DE by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    31 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    14 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    7 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Wilmington, DE were to White students. These 31 degrees mean that there were 2.21 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 14 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Wilmington, DE was $165,300 in 2017, which is 0.76 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $162,400 to $165,300, a 1.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Wilmington, DE is 45.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Wilmington, DE have an average commute time of 21.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Wilmington, DE is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,221

Median Household Income

± $2,098

28.5k

Number of Households

± 1,085

In 2017, the median household income of the 28.5k households in Wilmington, DE grew to $40,221 from the previous year's value of $40,065.

The following chart displays the households in Wilmington, DE distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$165,300

2017 Median

± $5,962

$162,400

2016 Median

± $5,452

In 2017, the median property value in Wilmington, DE grew to to $165,300 from the previous year's value of $162,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Wilmington, DE compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wilmington, DE the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Wilmington, DE distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wilmington, DE the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

45.5%

2017 Homeownership

45.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 45.5% of the housing units in Wilmington, DE were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 45.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Wilmington, DE compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Wilmington, DE distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Wilmington, DE have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

21.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Wilmington, DE have a shorter commute time (21.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.41% of the workforce in Wilmington, DE have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Wilmington, DE compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    67.8%

  2. Public Transit

    12.2%

  3. Carpooled

    7.52%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Wilmington, DE was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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