New Castle County, DE

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Population

559,335

0.0818% decline

Median Age

38.4


Median Household Income

$69,479

4.25% growth

Poverty Rate

11.9%


Number of Employees

276,075

8.12% growth

Median Property Value

$269,800

5.6% growth

About

In 2018, New Castle County, DE had a population of 559k people with a median age of 38.4 and a median household income of $69,479. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of New Castle County, DE declined from 559,793 to 559,335, a -0.0818% decrease and its median household income grew from $66,647 to $69,479, a 4.25% increase.

The population of New Castle County, DE is 56.7% White Alone, 25.1% Black or African American Alone, and 10.3% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in New Castle County, DE speak a non-English language, and 94.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in New Castle County, DE are University of Delaware (6,050 degrees awarded in 2017), Wilmington University (4,520 degrees), and Goldey-Beacom College (564 degrees).

The median property value in New Castle County, DE is $269,800, and the homeownership rate is 67.9%. Most people in New Castle County, DE commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.6 minutes. The average car ownership in New Castle County, DE is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Nemours Mansion and Gardens

Economy

The economy of New Castle County, DE employs 276k people. The largest industries in New Castle County, DE are Health Care & Social Assistance (38,244 people), Educational Services (30,876 people), and Retail Trade (30,602 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($86,378), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,681), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($64,438).

Median household income in New Castle County, DE is $69,479. Males in New Castle County, DE have an average income that is 1.2 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,013. The income inequality in New Castle County, DE (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$69,479

2018 value

± $2,785

4.25%

1 Year Growth

± 5.22%

Households in New Castle County, DE have a median annual income of $69,479, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $66,647 in 2017, which represents a 4.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in New Castle County, DE compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Delaware.

$65,937

Average Male Salary

± $3,944

$55,013

Average Female Salary

± $3,554

In 2018, full-time male employees in Delaware made 1.2 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Delaware by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Delaware.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $89,980 ± $20,891

  2. White

    $53,149 ± $2,670

  3. Black

    $44,448 ± $3,995

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Delaware workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.69 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Delaware by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for New Castle County, DE is from Delaware.

0.478

2018 Wage GINI

0.477

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Delaware was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.374% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Delaware was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Delaware in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Delaware across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 135.05

  2. Census Tract 119

  3. Census Tract 135.06

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in New Castle County, DE was Census Tract 135.05 with a value of $145,250, followed by Census Tract 119 and Census Tract 135.06, with respective values of $144,514 and $141,176.

The following map shows all of the tracts in New Castle County, DE colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in New Castle County, DE (64.1k out of 538k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    31,525 ± 1,284

  2. Black

    24,306 ± 1,180

  3. Hispanic

    12,345 ± 807

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in New Castle County, DE is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

276k

2018 Value

± 9,088

8.12%

1 Year growth

± 4.24%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in New Castle County, DE grew at a rate of 8.12%, from 255k employees to 276k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in New Castle County, DE, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,717 people), Management Occupations (27,769 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (25,948 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of New Castle County, DE.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of New Castle County, DE, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,717 people), Management Occupations (27,769 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (25,948 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, New Castle County, DE has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.15 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.35 times), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.27 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of New Castle County, DE, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,398), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,163), and Management Occupations ($76,152).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

276k

2018 Value

± 9,088

8.12%

1 Year growth

± 4.24%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in New Castle County, DE grew at a rate of 8.12%, from 255k employees to 276k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in New Castle County, DE, are Health Care & Social Assistance (38,244 people), Educational Services (30,876 people), and Retail Trade (30,602 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of New Castle County, DE, though some of these residents may live in New Castle County, DE and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in New Castle County, DE, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (38,244 people), Educational Services (30,876 people), and Retail Trade (30,602 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, New Castle County, DE has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.69 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.95 times), and Educational Services (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in New Castle County, DE, by median earnings, are Utilities ($86,378), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,681), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($64,438).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Delaware to other states, or from other states to Delaware.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $14.6B

  2. $6.24B

  3. $5.09B

In 2015, the top outbound Delaware product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $14.6B, followed by Basic chemicals ($6.24B) and Gasoline ($5.09B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Delaware products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Delaware state.

$51.9B

2020 Value

$80.6B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound Delaware trade was $51.9B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $80.6B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Delaware trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Delaware to other states, or from other states to Delaware.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $5.92B

  2. $4.9B

  3. $3.76B

In 2015, the top outbound Delaware domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $5.92B, followed by Ohio with $4.9B and Massachusetts and $3.76B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Delaware shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.2% of the population of New Castle County, DE has health coverage, with 59.5% on employee plans, 12% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 10.9% on non-group plans, and 1.06% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of New Castle County, DE was $10,254 in 2014. This is a 5% increase from the previous year ($9,766).

Primary care physicians in New Castle County, DE see 1226 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.32% increase from the previous year (1210 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1673 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 357 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Kent County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, Kent County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,226 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Castle County, DE see an average of 1,226 patients per year. This represents a 1.32% increase from the previous year (1,210 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Castle County, DE in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Delaware.

$10,254

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,806

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,921

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,460

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Delaware (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5%, from $9,766 to $10,254.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.83%

Uninsured

59.5%

Employer Coverage

12%

Medicaid

11.7%

Medicare

10.9%

Non-Group

1.06%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in New Castle County, DE grew by 3.64% from 4.66% to 4.83%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in New Castle County, DE changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.5% prevalence

  3. 9.8% prevalence

Kent County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Delaware, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Delaware by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

New Castle County, DE is home to a population of 559k people, from which 94.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.7% of New Castle County, DE residents were born outside of the country (60.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of New Castle County, DE is composed of 317k White Alone residents (56.7%), 140k Black or African American Alone residents (25.1%), 57.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.3%), 31.5k Asian Alone residents (5.63%), 10.9k Two or More Races residents (1.95%), 1.42k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.253%), 357 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0638%), and 187 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0334%).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in New Castle County, DE was 38.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in New Castle County, DE are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all New Castle County, DE residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

60.1k people

10.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

58.6k people

As of 2017, 10.7% of New Castle County, DE residents (60.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in New Castle County, DE was 10.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in New Castle County, DE compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Delaware.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    13,884 ± 2,872 people

  2. India

    10,281 ± 2,476 people

  3. Guatemala

    9,399 ± 2,369 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Delaware was Mexico, the natal country of 13,884 Delaware residents, followed by India with 10,281 and Guatemala with 9,399.

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Citizenship

94.1%

2018 Citizenship

94%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.1% of New Castle County, DE residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in New Castle County, DE was 94%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in New Castle County, DE compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    317k ± 229

  2. Black or African American Alone

    140k ± 2.42k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    57.5k ± 5.44k

In 2018, there were 2.26 times more White Alone residents (317k people) in New Castle County, DE than any other race or ethnicity. There were 140k Black or African American Alone and 57.5k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in New Castle County, DE as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    10,669 ± 1,281

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,584 ± 1,404

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,202 ± 1,196

New Castle County, DE has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.91 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in New Castle County, DE awarded 11,970 degrees. The student population of New Castle County, DE is skewed towards women, with 16,468 male students and 24,453 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in New Castle County, DE are White (6,632 and 65.1%), followed by Black or African American (1,540 and 15.1%), Unknown (654 and 6.42%), and Hispanic or Latino (625 and 6.13%).

The largest universities in New Castle County, DE by number of degrees awarded are University of Delaware (6,050 and 50.5%), Wilmington University (4,520 and 37.8%), and Goldey-Beacom College (564 and 4.71%).

The most popular majors in New Castle County, DE are General Business Administration & Management (728 and 6.08%), Information Resources Management (709 and 5.92%), and General Finance (465 and 3.88%).

The median tuition costs in New Castle County, DE are $17,370 for private four year colleges, and $11,870 and $31,860 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 291 degrees awarded

  2. 435 degrees awarded

  3. 344 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in New Castle County, DE was General Finance with 291 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in New Castle County, DE according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,050 degrees awarded

  2. 4,520 degrees awarded

  3. 564 degrees awarded

$11,870

Median In-State Public

$17,370

Median Private

In 2017, the New Castle County, DE institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Delaware with 6,050 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,585

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,385

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 4,585 men were awarded degrees from institutions in New Castle County, DE, which is 0.621 times less than the 7,385 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in New Castle County, DE by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,632 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,540 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    654 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in New Castle County, DE were to White students. These 6,632 degrees mean that there were 4.31 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,540 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in New Castle County, DE was $269,800 in 2018, which is 1.17 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $255,500 to $269,800, a 5.6% increase. The homeownership rate in New Castle County, DE is 67.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in New Castle County, DE have an average commute time of 24.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in New Castle County, DE is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$269,800

2018 Median

± $6,410

$255,500

2017 Median

± $7,520

In 2018, the median property value in New Castle County, DE grew to to $269,800 from the previous year's value of $255,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in New Castle County, DE compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New Castle County, DE the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$69,479

Median Household Income

± $2,785

206k

Number of Households

± 7,377

In 2018, the median household income of the 206k households in New Castle County, DE grew to $69,479 from the previous year's value of $66,647.

The following chart displays the households in New Castle County, DE distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in New Castle County, DE distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New Castle County, DE the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

67.9%

2018 Homeownership

66.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 67.9% of the housing units in New Castle County, DE were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in New Castle County, DE compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in New Castle County, DE have a shorter commute time (24.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.45% of the workforce in New Castle County, DE have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in New Castle County, DE compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78%

  2. Carpooled

    9.68%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.13%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in New Castle County, DE was Drove Alone (78%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.68%) and those who Worked At Home (5.13%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in New Castle County, DE distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in New Castle County, DE have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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