El Centro, CA

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Population

43,932

0.533% growth

Median Age

32.7


Median Household Income

$43,581

4.14% growth

Poverty Rate

24.9%


Number of Employees

15,535

0.937% decline

Median Property Value

$172,800

4.79% growth

About

In 2017, El Centro, CA had a population of 43.9k people with a median age of 32.7 and a median household income of $43,581. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of El Centro, CA grew from 43,699 to 43,932, a 0.533% increase and its median household income grew from $41,849 to $43,581, a 4.14% increase.

The population of El Centro, CA is 85.8% Hispanic or Latino, 9.55% White Alone, and 1.9% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in El Centro, CA speak a non-English language, and 82.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Centro, CA are CET-El Centro (304 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in El Centro, CA is $172,800, and the homeownership rate is 49.6%. Most people in El Centro, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.7 minutes. The average car ownership in El Centro, CA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of El Centro, CA employs 15.5k people. The largest industries in El Centro, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,456 people), Retail Trade (2,172 people), and Public Administration (1,801 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($81,333), Finance & Insurance ($64,079), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($61,977).

Median household income in El Centro, CA is $43,581. Males in El Centro, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,252. The income inequality in El Centro, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.5, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,581

2017 value

± $3,068

4.14%

1 Year Growth

± 11.1%

Households in El Centro, CA have a median annual income of $43,581, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,849 in 2016, which represents a 4.14% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in El Centro, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$72,235

Average Male Salary

± $699

$57,252

Average Female Salary

± $582

In 2017, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,946 ± $1,081

  2. White

    $59,925 ± $556

  3. Two or More Races

    $49,289 ± $1,826

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Centro, CA is from California.

0.5

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.5 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.16% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 118.03

  2. Census Tract 118.01

  3. Census Tract 118.02

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Centro, CA was Census Tract 118.03 with a value of $109,299, followed by Census Tract 118.01 and Census Tract 118.02, with respective values of $94,615 and $47,818.

The following map shows all of the places in El Centro, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Centro, CA (10.8k out of 43.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    10,242 ± 752

  2. Other

    5,431 ± 607

  3. White

    4,741 ± 467

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Centro, CA is Hispanic, followed by Other and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.5k

2017 Value

± 890

-0.937%

1 Year decline

± 8.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in El Centro, CA declined at a rate of -0.937%, from 15.7k employees to 15.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Centro, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,189 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,028 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,235 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Centro, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of El Centro, CA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,189 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,028 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,235 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, El Centro, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (8.5 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.95 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.76 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of El Centro, CA, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($83,625), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($81,480), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($81,290).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.5k

2017 Value

± 890

-0.937%

1 Year decline

± 8.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in El Centro, CA declined at a rate of -0.937%, from 15.7k employees to 15.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Centro, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,456 people), Retail Trade (2,172 people), and Public Administration (1,801 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Centro, CA, though some of these residents may live in El Centro, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in El Centro, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,456 people), Retail Trade (2,172 people), and Public Administration (1,801 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, El Centro, CA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (6.31 times higher than expected), Utilities (4.39 times), and Public Administration (2.48 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in El Centro, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($81,333), Finance & Insurance ($64,079), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($61,977).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight ($157B) and Gasoline ($127B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.7% of the population of El Centro, CA has health coverage, with 33.9% on employee plans, 38.1% on Medicaid, 5.79% on Medicare, 10.1% on non-group plans, and 0.798% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of El Centro, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in El Centro, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1,281 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.3%

Uninsured

33.9%

Employer Coverage

38.1%

Medicaid

5.79%

Medicare

10.1%

Non-Group

0.798%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Centro, CA declined by 19.6% from 14% to 11.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Centro, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

El Centro, CA is home to a population of 43.9k people, from which 82.2% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of El Centro, CA residents were born outside of the country (14.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of El Centro, CA is composed of 37.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (85.8%), 4.2k White Alone residents (9.55%), 833 Asian Alone residents (1.9%), 819 Black or African American Alone residents (1.86%), 271 Two or More Races residents (0.617%), 90 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.205%), 31 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0706%), and 12 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0273%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in El Centro, CA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

23

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

52

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in El Centro, CA was 32.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 23, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in El Centro, CA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all El Centro, CA residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    14.4k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of El Centro, CA residents (14.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Centro, CA was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Centro, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,212,695 ± 47,591 people

  2. Philippines

    836,199 ± 22,209 people

  3. China

    612,429 ± 19,062 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,212,695 California residents, followed by Philippines with 836,199 and China with 612,429.

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Citizenship

82.2%

2017 Citizenship

82.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 82.2% of El Centro, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in El Centro, CA was 82.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Centro, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    37.7k ± 2.3k

  2. White Alone

    4.2k ± 487

  3. Asian Alone

    833 ± 253

In 2017, there were 8.98 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (37.7k people) in El Centro, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.2k White Alone and 833 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in El Centro, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of El Centro, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in El Centro, CA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of El Centro, CA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    433 ± 134

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    277 ± 108

  3. Korea

    129 ± 92

El Centro, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in El Centro, CA awarded 304 degrees. The student population of El Centro, CA is skewed towards men, with 184 male students and 74 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Centro, CA are Hispanic or Latino (295 and 97%), followed by White (5 and 1.64%), Unknown (3 and 0.987%), and Black or African American (1 and 0.329%).

The largest universities in El Centro, CA by number of degrees awarded are CET-El Centro (304 and 100%).

The most popular majors in El Centro, CA are Welding Technology (87 and 28.6%), Retailing & Retail Operations (59 and 19.4%), and Building Construction Technology (58 and 19.1%).

The median tuition costs in El Centro, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 87 degrees awarded

  2. 58 degrees awarded

  3. 47 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in El Centro, CA was Welding Technology with 87 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in El Centro, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

304 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the El Centro, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was CET-El Centro with 304 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

228

Degrees Awarded to Men

76

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 228 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Centro, CA, which is 3 times more than the 76 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in El Centro, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    295 degrees awarded

  2. White

    5 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    3 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in El Centro, CA were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 295 degrees mean that there were 59 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 5 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in El Centro, CA was $172,800 in 2017, which is 0.794 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $164,900 to $172,800, a 4.79% increase. The homeownership rate in El Centro, CA is 49.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in El Centro, CA have an average commute time of 17.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in El Centro, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,581

Median Household Income

± $3,068

11.9k

Number of Households

± 712

In 2017, the median household income of the 11.9k households in El Centro, CA grew to $43,581 from the previous year's value of $41,849.

The following chart displays the households in El Centro, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$172,800

2017 Median

± $6,570

$164,900

2016 Median

± $5,945

In 2017, the median property value in El Centro, CA grew to to $172,800 from the previous year's value of $164,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in El Centro, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Centro, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in El Centro, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Centro, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

49.6%

2017 Homeownership

49.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 49.6% of the housing units in El Centro, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 49.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in El Centro, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Centro, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Centro, CA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Centro, CA have a shorter commute time (17.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.12% of the workforce in El Centro, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Centro, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.3%

  2. Carpooled

    9.53%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.05%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in El Centro, CA was Drove Alone (81.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.53%) and those who Worked At Home (4.05%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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