El Centro, CA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2020 Population
180,580
0.067% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dianne Feinstein
Democratic Party
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
32.5
0.309% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
22.5%
6.46% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$46,222
2.94% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$206,700
5.57% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
59,490
0.972% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, El Centro, CA had a population of 181k people with a median age of 32.5 and a median household income of $46,222. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of El Centro, CA declined from 180,701 to 180,580, a −0.067% decrease and its median household income declined from $47,622 to $46,222, a −2.94% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in El Centro, CA are White (Hispanic) (46.5%), Other (Hispanic) (27.1%), White (Non-Hispanic) (10.2%), Two+ (Hispanic) (10%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.39%).

None of the households in El Centro, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

85% of the residents in El Centro, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Centro, CA are Imperial Valley College (115861) (2,790 degrees awarded in 2020) and CET-El Centro (188 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in El Centro, CA was $206,700, and the homeownership rate was 58.1%.

Most people in El Centro, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in El Centro, CA was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

El Centro, CA is home to a population of 181k people, from which 85% are citizens. As of 2020, 30.1% of El Centro, CA residents were born outside of the country (54.4k people).

In 2020, there were 1.71 times more White (Hispanic) residents (83.9k people) in El Centro, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 49k Other (Hispanic) and 18.4k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

85%
2020 Citizenship
85%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 85% of El Centro, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in El Centro, CA was 85%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Centro, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in El Centro, CA
  1. White (Hispanic)
    83.9k ± 3.02k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    49k ± 2.66k
  3. White (Non-Hispanic)
    18.4k ± 134
84.7%
Hispanic Population
153k people

In 2020, there were 1.71 times more White (Hispanic) residents (83.9k people) in El Centro, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 49k Other (Hispanic) and 18.4k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

84.7% of the people in El Centro, CA are hispanic (153k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in El Centro, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for California.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    4,008,868 ± 46,586 people
  2. Philippines
    829,356 ± 22,122 people
  3. China
    683,718 ± 20,124 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,008,868 California residents, followed by Philippines with 829,356 and China with 683,718.

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Foreign-Born Population

30.1%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
54.4k people
30.7%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
55.5k people

As of 2020, 30.1% of El Centro, CA residents (54.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Centro, CA was 30.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Centro, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,662 ± 277
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,353 ± 420
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,026 ± 358

El Centro, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.23 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of El Centro, CA employs 59.5k people. The largest industries in El Centro, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,728 people), Retail Trade (7,368 people), and Public Administration (5,662 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,188), Utilities ($80,727), and Public Administration ($64,588).

Males in California have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $64,427. The income inequality in California (measured using the Gini index) is 0.498, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

59.5k
2020 Value
± 2,269
−0.972%
1 Year decline
± 5.19%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in El Centro, CA declined at a rate of −0.972%, from 60.1k employees to 59.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Centro, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,900 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,942 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (4,545 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Centro, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

59.5k
2020 Value
± 2,269
−0.972%
1 Year decline
± 5.19%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in El Centro, CA declined at a rate of −0.972%, from 60.1k employees to 59.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Centro, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,728 people), Retail Trade (7,368 people), and Public Administration (5,662 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Centro, CA, though some of these residents may live in El Centro, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$35,829
Median earning men ± $1,752
$23,111
Median earning women ± $2,035

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($80,101), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($63,243), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,014).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($48,750), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($30,988), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($28,563).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in California. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,010
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 595
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 543
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $593k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $342k
    Manufacturing
  3. $285k
    Retail Trade

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $407B
  2. $158B
  3. $149B

In 2020, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $407B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($158B) and Mixed freight ($149B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California.
$2.26T
2020 Value in California
$4.61T
Projected 2050 Value in California
104% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $2.26T. This is expected to increase 104% to $4.61T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $83.5B
  2. $44.4B
  3. $43.3B

In 2020, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $83.5B, followed by Arizona with $44.4B and Ohio and $43.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 53 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Dianne Feinstein
Senator from California1
Assumed office on November 10, 1992
Elected to the seat to succeed John Seymour (California politician)|John Seymour, who had been appointed to the seat after Pete Wilson was elected Governor of California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.

Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 53 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in El Centro, CA awarded 2,978 degrees. The student population of El Centro, CA in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 2,937 male students and 4,330 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Centro, CA are Hispanic or Latino (2,724 and 91.5%), followed by White (118 and 3.96%), Black or African American (53 and 1.78%), and Asian (32 and 1.07%).

The largest universities in El Centro, CA by number of degrees awarded are Imperial Valley College (115861) (2,790 and 93.7%) and CET-El Centro (188 and 6.31%).

The most popular majors in El Centro, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (970 and 32.6%), Biological & Physical Sciences (262 and 8.8%), and Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration (236 and 7.92%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2020 there were 7,267 students enrolled in El Centro, CA, 40.4% men and 59.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 6,645 records, of which 60.5% were women and 39.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 262 degree-majors awarded
  2. 234 degree-majors awarded
  3. 212 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in El Centro, CA was Biological & Physical Sciences with 262 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in El Centro, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,790 degrees awarded
  2. 188 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Imperial Valley College (115861) with 2,790 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2020, 1,332 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Centro, CA, which is 0.809 times less than the 1,646 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 2,724 degrees mean that there were 23.1 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 118 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($1,104) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($22) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,971) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Measure

In 2020, 1.74% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.99% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were Some college (7.14M), High School or Equivalent (6.69M), and Bachelors Degree (6.15M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in El Centro, CA was $206,700 in 2020, which is 0.899 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $195,800 to $206,700, a 5.57% increase. The homeownership rate in El Centro, CA is 58.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in El Centro, CA have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in El Centro, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in El Centro, CA is $46,222. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in El Centro, CA was Santa Clara County, CA with a value of $130,890, followed by San Mateo County, CA and Marin County, CA, with respective values of $128,091 and $121,671.

Property

$206,700
Median Property Value 2020
±$6,379
$26,589
Median Property Taxes
±$1,288

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Centro, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in El Centro, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

58.1%
Homeownership
2020
67.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 58.1% of the housing units in El Centro, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in El Centro, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Centro, CA was Santa Clara County, CA with a value of $130,890, followed by San Mateo County, CA and Marin County, CA, with respective values of $128,091 and $121,671.

The following map shows all of the counties in El Centro, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$46,222
Median Household Income
± $2,499
45.8k
Number of Households
± 1,873

In 2020, the median household income of the 45.8k households in El Centro, CA declined from $46,222 from the previous year's value of $47,622.

The following chart displays the households in El Centro, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Centro, CA is from California.
0.498
2020 Wage GINI in California
0.499
2019 Wage GINI in California

In 2020, the income inequality in California was 0.498 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.321% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (79.7%)
  2. Carpooled (8.8%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.85%)

In 2020, 79.7% of workers in El Centro, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.8%) and those who worked at home (5.85%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Centro, CA have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 3.33% of the workforce in El Centro, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Centro, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Centro, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Centro, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

22.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Centro, CA (38.4k out of 170k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Centro, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

93% of the population of El Centro, CA has health coverage, with 32.4% on employee plans, 43.6% on Medicaid, 7.3% on Medicare, 8.3% on non-group plans, and 1.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in California was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in California see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.555% decrease from the previous year (1261 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1149 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 268 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for California. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in California, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,254 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.555% decrease from the previous year (1,261 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of California across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 31.9% under 18 years, 21.7% between 18 and 34 years, 32.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.8% were men and 51.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.03%
Uninsured
32.4%
Employer Coverage
43.6%
Medicaid
7.3%
Medicare
8.3%
Non-Group
1.38%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Centro, CA declined by 12.6% from 8.05% to 7.03%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Centro, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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