Selma, AL

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Population

19,176

2.41% decline

Poverty Rate

38.3%


Median Age

37.1


Median Household Income

$24,223

4.04% growth

Number of Employees

6,086

2.25% growth

Median Property Value

$89,100

1.44% decline

About

In 2017, Selma, AL had a population of 19.2k people with a median age of 37.1 and a median household income of $24,223. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Selma, AL declined from 19,650 to 19,176, a -2.41% decrease and its median household income grew from $23,283 to $24,223, a 4.04% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Selma, AL are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (80.2%), White (Non-Hispanic) (17%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.793%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (0.787%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (0.396%). N/A% of the people in Selma, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Selma, AL are George C Wallace State Community College-Selma (417 degrees awarded in 2017), Concordia College Alabama (73 degrees), and Selma University (28 degrees).

The median property value in Selma, AL is $89,100, and the homeownership rate is 44.7%. Most people in Selma, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Selma, AL is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Selma, AL employs 6.09k people. The largest industries in Selma, AL are Manufacturing (1,135 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (853 people), and Educational Services (781 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($66,250), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation ($56,458), and Public Administration ($43,850).

Median household income in Selma, AL is $24,223. Males in Selma, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Selma, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$24,223

2017 value

± $1,774

4.04%

1 Year Growth

± 11.2%

Households in Selma, AL have a median annual income of $24,223, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $23,283 in 2016, which represents a 4.04% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Selma, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Selma, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9567.01

  2. Census Tract 9562.01

  3. Census Tract 9567.02

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Selma, AL was Census Tract 9567.01 with a value of $51,875, followed by Census Tract 9562.01 and Census Tract 9567.02, with respective values of $35,000 and $34,152.

The following map shows all of the places in Selma, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

38.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Selma, AL (7.13k out of 18.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    6,602 ± 544

  2. White

    525 ± 135

  3. Hispanic

    33 ± 107

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Selma, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.09k

2017 Value

± 529

2.25%

1 Year growth

± 12.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Selma, AL grew at a rate of 2.25%, from 5.95k employees to 6.09k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Selma, AL, are Production Occupations (871 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (756 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (511 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Selma, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Selma, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (871 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (756 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (511 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Selma, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.47 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.97 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.66 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Selma, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,577), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,750), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($55,732).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.09k

2017 Value

± 529

2.25%

1 Year growth

± 12.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Selma, AL grew at a rate of 2.25%, from 5.95k employees to 6.09k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Selma, AL, are Manufacturing (1,135 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (853 people), and Educational Services (781 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Selma, AL, though some of these residents may live in Selma, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Selma, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,135 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (853 people), and Educational Services (781 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Selma, AL has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.84 times higher than expected), Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.78 times), and Educational Services (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Selma, AL, by median earnings, are Wholesale Trade ($66,250), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation ($56,458), and Public Administration ($43,850).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.7B

  2. $29.7B

  3. $23.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $43.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.7B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($23.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$265B

2020 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

38.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 38.3% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.4B

  2. $17.9B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $27.4B, followed by Florida with $17.9B and Tennessee and $16.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.2% of the population of Selma, AL has health coverage, with 24% on employee plans, 35.9% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 2.53% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Selma, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Selma, AL see 1418 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.39% decrease from the previous year (1438 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3078 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2223 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Dallas County, AL.

1,418 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dallas County, AL see an average of 1,418 patients per year. This represents a 1.39% decrease from the previous year (1,438 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dallas County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.8%

Uninsured

24%

Employer Coverage

35.9%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

12.1%

Non-Group

2.53%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Selma, AL declined by 0.646% from 13.9% to 13.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Selma, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Selma, AL is home to a population of 19.2k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.98% of Selma, AL residents were born outside of the country (380 people).

In 2017, there were 4.72 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (15.4k people) in Selma, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.26k White (Non-Hispanic) and 152 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 2.4

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Selma, AL was 37.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Selma, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Selma, AL residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.98%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

380 people

1.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

373 people

As of 2017, 1.98% of Selma, AL residents (380 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Selma, AL was 1.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Selma, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.5% of Selma, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Selma, AL was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Selma, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Selma, AL

  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    15.4k ± 317

  2. White (Non-Hispanic)

    3.26k ± 256

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    152 ± 36

In 2017, there were 4.72 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (15.4k people) in Selma, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.26k White (Non-Hispanic) and 152 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Selma, AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    425 ± 133

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    153 ± 98

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    93 ± 63

Selma, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Selma, AL awarded 518 degrees. The student population of Selma, AL is skewed towards women, with 896 male students and 1,288 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Selma, AL are Black or African American (397 and 77.5%), followed by White (98 and 19.1%), Unknown (11 and 2.15%), and Hispanic or Latino (3 and 0.586%).

The largest universities in Selma, AL by number of degrees awarded are George C Wallace State Community College-Selma (417 and 80.5%), Concordia College Alabama (73 and 14.1%), and Selma University (28 and 5.41%).

The most popular majors in Selma, AL are General Studies (94 and 18.1%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (64 and 12.4%), and Registered Nursing (48 and 9.27%).

The median tuition costs in Selma, AL are $8,470 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 44 degrees awarded

  2. 94 degrees awarded

  3. 64 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Selma, AL was Registered Nursing with 44 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Selma, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 417 degrees awarded

  2. 73 degrees awarded

  3. 28 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$8,470

Median Private

In 2017, the Selma, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was George C Wallace State Community College-Selma with 417 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

217

Degrees Awarded to Men

301

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 217 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Selma, AL, which is 0.721 times less than the 301 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Selma, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    397 degrees awarded

  2. White

    98 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    11 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Selma, AL were to Black or African American students. These 397 degrees mean that there were 4.05 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 98 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Selma, AL was $89,100 in 2017, which is 0.388 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $90,400 to $89,100, a 1.44% decrease. The homeownership rate in Selma, AL is 44.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Selma, AL have an average commute time of 17.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Selma, AL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$89,100

2017 Median

± $6,076

$90,400

2016 Median

± $6,703

In 2017, the median property value in Selma, AL declined from to $89,100 from the previous year's value of $90,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Selma, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Selma, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$24,223

Median Household Income

± $1,774

7.87k

Number of Households

± 543

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.87k households in Selma, AL grew to $24,223 from the previous year's value of $23,283.

The following chart displays the households in Selma, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Selma, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Selma, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

44.7%

2017 Homeownership

44.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 44.7% of the housing units in Selma, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 44.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Selma, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Selma, AL have a shorter commute time (17.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.757% of the workforce in Selma, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Selma, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.43%

  3. Walked

    3.51%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Selma, AL was Drove Alone (84.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.43%) and those who Walked (3.51%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Selma, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Selma, AL have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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