Fredericksburg city, VA

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Population

28,135

1.01% growth

Median Age

29.9


Median Household Income

$57,258

6.07% growth

Poverty Rate

16.3%


Number of Employees

14,674

5.42% growth

Median Property Value

$341,200

6.13% growth

About

In 2017, Fredericksburg city, VA had a population of 28.1k people with a median age of 29.9 and a median household income of $57,258. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Fredericksburg city, VA grew from 27,853 to 28,135, a 1.01% increase and its median household income grew from $53,980 to $57,258, a 6.07% increase.

The population of Fredericksburg city, VA is 60% White Alone, 21.3% Black or African American Alone, and 10.7% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Fredericksburg city, VA speak a non-English language, and 95.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fredericksburg city, VA are University of Mary Washington (1,271 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Fredericksburg city, VA is $341,200, and the homeownership rate is 36%. Most people in Fredericksburg city, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Fredericksburg city, VA is 2 cars per household.

Fredericksburg city, VA borders Stafford County, VA and Spotsylvania County, VA.

Economy

The economy of Fredericksburg city, VA employs 14.7k people. The largest industries in Fredericksburg city, VA are Retail Trade (1,915 people), Educational Services (1,802 people), and Public Administration (1,688 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($152,625), Public Administration ($75,150), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($70,721).

Median household income in Fredericksburg city, VA is $57,258. Males in Fredericksburg city, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Fredericksburg city, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,258

2017 value

± $3,631

6.07%

1 Year Growth

± 8.64%

Households in Fredericksburg city, VA have a median annual income of $57,258, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,980 in 2016, which represents a 6.07% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Fredericksburg city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fredericksburg city, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1

  2. Census Tract 5

  3. Census Tract 3.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fredericksburg city, VA was Census Tract 1 with a value of $77,311, followed by Census Tract 5 and Census Tract 3.02, with respective values of $74,402 and $59,429.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Fredericksburg city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fredericksburg city, VA (4.17k out of 25.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,201 ± 346

  2. Black

    1,185 ± 311

  3. Hispanic

    677 ± 263

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fredericksburg city, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

14.7k

2017 Value

± 955

5.42%

1 Year growth

± 8.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fredericksburg city, VA grew at a rate of 5.42%, from 13.9k employees to 14.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fredericksburg city, VA, are Management Occupations (1,655 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,555 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,505 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fredericksburg city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fredericksburg city, VA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (1,655 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,555 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,505 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fredericksburg city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.74 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.05 times), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.01 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fredericksburg city, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($106,318), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($95,236), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($87,829).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

14.7k

2017 Value

± 955

5.42%

1 Year growth

± 8.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fredericksburg city, VA grew at a rate of 5.42%, from 13.9k employees to 14.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fredericksburg city, VA, are Retail Trade (1,915 people), Educational Services (1,802 people), and Public Administration (1,688 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fredericksburg city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Fredericksburg city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fredericksburg city, VA, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (1,915 people), Educational Services (1,802 people), and Public Administration (1,688 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fredericksburg city, VA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.46 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.9 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.45 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fredericksburg city, VA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($152,625), Public Administration ($75,150), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($70,721).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Fredericksburg city, VA has health coverage, with 52% on employee plans, 11.7% on Medicaid, 7.38% on Medicare, 15.3% on non-group plans, and 2.84% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Fredericksburg city, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Fredericksburg city, VA see 740 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.09% increase from the previous year (691 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 480 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 180 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

740 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Fredericksburg city, VA see an average of 740 patients per year. This represents a 7.09% increase from the previous year (691 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fredericksburg city, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

52%

Employer Coverage

11.7%

Medicaid

7.38%

Medicare

15.3%

Non-Group

2.84%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fredericksburg city, VA declined by 12.2% from 12.2% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fredericksburg city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fredericksburg city, VA is home to a population of 28.1k people, from which 95.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.01% of Fredericksburg city, VA residents were born outside of the country (2.53k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Fredericksburg city, VA is composed of 16.9k White Alone residents (60%), 5.99k Black or African American Alone residents (21.3%), 3.01k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.7%), 1.55k Two or More Races residents (5.52%), 663 Asian Alone residents (2.36%), 34 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.121%), 11 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0391%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Fredericksburg city, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Fredericksburg city, VA was 29.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Fredericksburg city, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Fredericksburg city, VA residents was 30.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.01%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.53k people

9.15%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.55k people

As of 2017, 9.01% of Fredericksburg city, VA residents (2.53k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fredericksburg city, VA was 9.15%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fredericksburg city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

95.2%

2017 Citizenship

95.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.2% of Fredericksburg city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Fredericksburg city, VA was 95.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fredericksburg city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    16.9k ± 2

  2. Black or African American Alone

    5.99k ± 441

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3.01k ± 742

In 2017, there were 2.82 times more White Alone residents (16.9k people) in Fredericksburg city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.99k Black or African American Alone and 3.01k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fredericksburg city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Fredericksburg city, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Fredericksburg city, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Fredericksburg city, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    855 ± 233

  2. Vietnam

    420 ± 92

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    386 ± 165

Fredericksburg city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Fredericksburg city, VA awarded 1,271 degrees. The student population of Fredericksburg city, VA is skewed towards women, with 1,665 male students and 3,061 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fredericksburg city, VA are White (909 and 71.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (105 and 8.31%), Unknown (85 and 6.72%), and Black or African American (62 and 4.91%).

The largest universities in Fredericksburg city, VA by number of degrees awarded are University of Mary Washington (1,271 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Fredericksburg city, VA are General Business Administration & Management (194 and 15.3%), General English Language & Literature (113 and 8.89%), and General Psychology (103 and 8.1%).

The median tuition costs in Fredericksburg city, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,772 and $20,362 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 103 degrees awarded

  2. 152 degrees awarded

  3. 113 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fredericksburg city, VA was General Psychology with 103 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fredericksburg city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,271 degrees awarded

$5,772

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Fredericksburg city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Mary Washington with 1,271 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

404

Degrees Awarded to Men

867

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 404 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fredericksburg city, VA, which is 0.466 times less than the 867 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Fredericksburg city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    909 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    105 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    85 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fredericksburg city, VA were to White students. These 909 degrees mean that there were 8.66 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 105 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fredericksburg city, VA was $341,200 in 2017, which is 1.57 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $321,500 to $341,200, a 6.13% increase. The homeownership rate in Fredericksburg city, VA is 36%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fredericksburg city, VA have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fredericksburg city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,258

Median Household Income

± $3,631

10.4k

Number of Households

± 720

In 2017, the median household income of the 10.4k households in Fredericksburg city, VA grew to $57,258 from the previous year's value of $53,980.

The following chart displays the households in Fredericksburg city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$341,200

2017 Median

± $12,896

$321,500

2016 Median

± $12,959

In 2017, the median property value in Fredericksburg city, VA grew to to $341,200 from the previous year's value of $321,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fredericksburg city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fredericksburg city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fredericksburg city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fredericksburg city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

36%

2017 Homeownership

34.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 36% of the housing units in Fredericksburg city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 34.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fredericksburg city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fredericksburg city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fredericksburg city, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fredericksburg city, VA have a longer commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 7.28% of the workforce in Fredericksburg city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fredericksburg city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    71.5%

  2. Carpooled

    9.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.57%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Fredericksburg city, VA was Drove Alone (71.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.1%) and those who Worked At Home (7.57%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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