Philadelphia County, PA

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Population

1.58M

0.829% growth

Median Age

34.4


Median Household Income

$39,759

4.08% decline

Poverty Rate

25.8%


Number of Employees

673,721

0.741% decline

Median Property Value

$166,200

7.92% growth

About

In 2017, Philadelphia County, PA had a population of 1.58M people with a median age of 34.4 and a median household income of $39,759. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Philadelphia County, PA grew from 1.57M to 1.58M, a 0.829% increase and its median household income declined from $41,449 to $39,759, a -4.08% decrease.

The population of Philadelphia County, PA is 40.9% Black or African American Alone, 34.5% White Alone, and 14.8% Hispanic or Latino. 22.3% of the people in Philadelphia County, PA speak a non-English language, and 93.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Philadelphia County, PA are University of Pennsylvania (9,053 degrees awarded in 2016), Temple University (9,017 degrees), and Drexel University (7,549 degrees).

The median property value in Philadelphia County, PA is $166,200, and the homeownership rate is 49%. Most people in Philadelphia County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Philadelphia County, PA is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Independence Hall is where both the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were debated and adopted. It is now the centerpiece of Independence National Historical Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Philadelphia County, PA employs 674k people. The largest industries in Philadelphia County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (130,107 people), Educational Services (69,592 people), and Retail Trade (64,528 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,649), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,114), and Public Administration ($55,419).

Median household income in Philadelphia County, PA is $39,759. Males in Philadelphia County, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,375. The income inequality in Philadelphia County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,759

2017 value

± $1,379

-4.08%

1 Year Growth

± 4.47%

Households in Philadelphia County, PA have a median annual income of $39,759, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,449 in 2016, which represents a -4.08% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Philadelphia County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$68,603

Average Male Salary

± $1,096

$51,375

Average Female Salary

± $811

In 2017, full-time male employees in Philadelphia County, PA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Philadelphia County, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,810 ± $3,954

  2. White

    $53,208 ± $684

  3. American Indian

    $47,436 ± $11,968

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Philadelphia County, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Philadelphia County, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Philadelphia County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

0.468

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.833% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 231

  2. Census Tract 387

  3. Census Tract 386

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Philadelphia County, PA was Census Tract 231 with a value of $134,375, followed by Census Tract 387 and Census Tract 386, with respective values of $128,482 and $126,607.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Philadelphia County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Philadelphia County, PA (394k out of 1.53M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    196,990 ± 3,361

  2. White

    118,649 ± 2,723

  3. Hispanic

    86,690 ± 2,229

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Philadelphia County, PA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

674k

2017 Value

± 16,326

-0.741%

1 Year decline

± 3.36%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Philadelphia County, PA declined at a rate of -0.741%, from 679k employees to 674k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Philadelphia County, PA, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (35,554 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (24,948 people), and Counselors, Social Workers, & Other Community & Social Service Specialists (18,343 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Philadelphia County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Philadelphia County, PA, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (35,554 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (24,948 people), and Counselors, Social Workers, & Other Community & Social Service Specialists (18,343 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Philadelphia County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Motor Vehicle Operators Except Bus & Truck Drivers (2.28 times higher than expected), Other Protective Service Workers (2.01 times), and Counselors, Social Workers, & Other Community & Social Service Specialists (1.99 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Philadelphia County, PA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,383), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,506), and Legal Occupations ($68,283).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

674k

2017 Value

± 16,326

-0.741%

1 Year decline

± 3.36%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Philadelphia County, PA declined at a rate of -0.741%, from 679k employees to 674k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Philadelphia County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (130,107 people), Educational Services (69,592 people), and Retail Trade (64,528 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Philadelphia County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Philadelphia County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Philadelphia County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (130,107 people), Educational Services (69,592 people), and Retail Trade (64,528 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Philadelphia County, PA has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.38 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.37 times), and Public Administration (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Philadelphia County, PA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,649), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,114), and Public Administration ($55,419).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $50.6B and Pharmaceuticals and $49.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.9% of the population of Philadelphia County, PA has health coverage, with 40.4% on employee plans, 29.6% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 10.3% on non-group plans, and 0.59% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Philadelphia County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Philadelphia County, PA see 1458 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0686% increase from the previous year (1457 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1365 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 436 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,458 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Philadelphia County, PA see an average of 1,458 patients per year. This represents a 0.0686% increase from the previous year (1,457 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Philadelphia County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.06%

Uninsured

40.4%

Employer Coverage

29.6%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

10.3%

Non-Group

0.59%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Philadelphia County, PA declined by 19.2% from 8.74% to 7.06%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Philadelphia County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Philadelphia County, PA is home to a population of 1.58M people, from which 93.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 13.3% of Philadelphia County, PA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Philadelphia County, PA is composed of 647k Black or African American Alone residents (40.9%), 546k White Alone residents (34.5%), 234k Hispanic or Latino residents (14.8%), 115k Asian Alone residents (7.25%), 29.3k Two or More Races residents (1.85%), 5.82k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.368%), 3.88k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.245%), and 406 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0257%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Philadelphia County, PA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (143,873 speakers), Chinese (35,746 speakers), and Vietnamese (14,644 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Philadelphia County, PA was 34.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Philadelphia County, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Philadelphia County, PA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

13%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 13.3% of Philadelphia County, PA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Philadelphia County, PA was 13%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Philadelphia County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    87,349 ± 7,231 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    68,083 ± 6,389 people

  3. China

    58,224 ± 5,911 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Philadelphia County, PA was India, the natal country of 87,349 Philadelphia County, PA residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 68,083 and China with 58,224.

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Citizenship

93.4%

2017 Citizenship

92.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.4% of Philadelphia County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Philadelphia County, PA was 92.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Philadelphia County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    647k ± 5.3k

  2. White Alone

    546k ± 709

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    234k ± 14.8k

In 2017, there were 1.19 times more Black or African American Alone residents (647k people) in Philadelphia County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 546k White Alone and 234k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Philadelphia County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    143,873 speakers (9.87%)

  2. Chinese

    35,746 speakers (2.45%)

  3. Vietnamese

    14,644 speakers (1%)

22.3% of Philadelphia County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Philadelphia County, PA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 9.87% of the overall population of Philadelphia County, PA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 2.45% speak Chinese and 1% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    16,527 ± 2,081

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,722 ± 1,349

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,506 ± 1,574

Philadelphia County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.46 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Philadelphia County, PA awarded 42,474 degrees. The student population of Philadelphia County, PA is skewed towards women, with 63,645 male students and 83,939 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Philadelphia County, PA are White (21,538 and 56.4%), followed by Black or African American (6,210 and 16.3%), Asian (4,132 and 10.8%), and Hispanic or Latino (2,769 and 7.25%).

The largest universities in Philadelphia County, PA by number of degrees awarded are University of Pennsylvania (9,053 and 21.3%), Temple University (9,017 and 21.2%), and Drexel University (7,549 and 17.8%).

The most popular majors in Philadelphia County, PA are Registered Nursing (1,801 and 4.24%), General Finance (1,628 and 3.83%), and General Business Administration & Management (1,247 and 2.94%).

The median tuition costs in Philadelphia County, PA are $36,997 for private four year colleges, and $15,384 and $26,376 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,080 degrees awarded

  2. 740 degrees awarded

  3. 1,266 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Philadelphia County, PA was General Finance with 1,080 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Philadelphia County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,053 degrees awarded

  2. 9,017 degrees awarded

  3. 7,549 degrees awarded

$15,384

Median In-State Public

$36,997

Median Private

In 2016, the Philadelphia County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Pennsylvania with 9,053 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

17,793

Degrees Awarded to Men

24,681

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 17,793 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Philadelphia County, PA, which is 0.721 times less than the 24,681 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Philadelphia County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    21,538 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    6,210 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    4,132 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Philadelphia County, PA were to White students. These 21,538 degrees mean that there were 3.47 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 6,210 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Philadelphia County, PA was $166,200 in 2017, which is 0.764 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $154,000 to $166,200, a 7.92% increase. The homeownership rate in Philadelphia County, PA is 49%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Philadelphia County, PA have an average commute time of 31.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Philadelphia County, PA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$39,759

Median Household Income

± $1,379

606k

Number of Households

± 13,077

In 2017, the median household income of the 606k households in Philadelphia County, PA declined from $39,759 from the previous year's value of $41,449.

The following chart displays the households in Philadelphia County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$166,200

2017 Median

± $3,549

$154,000

2016 Median

± $3,156

In 2017, the median property value in Philadelphia County, PA grew to to $166,200 from the previous year's value of $154,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Philadelphia County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Philadelphia County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Philadelphia County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Philadelphia County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

49%

2017 Homeownership

52.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 49% of the housing units in Philadelphia County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 52.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Philadelphia County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Philadelphia County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Philadelphia County, PA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

31.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Philadelphia County, PA have a longer commute time (31.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.93% of the workforce in Philadelphia County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Philadelphia County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    51.1%

  2. Public Transit

    23.8%

  3. Walked

    8.44%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Philadelphia County, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Walked.

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