Cambria County, PA

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Population

135,871

1.37% decline

Median Age

45


Median Household Income

$44,943

4.72% growth

Poverty Rate

15.6%


Number of Employees

57,361

0.486% decline

Median Property Value

$88,900

0.794% growth

About

In 2017, Cambria County, PA had a population of 136k people with a median age of 45 and a median household income of $44,943. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cambria County, PA declined from 137,762 to 135,871, a -1.37% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,917 to $44,943, a 4.72% increase.

The population of Cambria County, PA is 93% White Alone, 3.15% Black or African American Alone, and 1.62% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Cambria County, PA speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cambria County, PA are Saint Francis University (778 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Pittsburgh-Johnstown (539 degrees), and Mount Aloysius College (438 degrees).

The median property value in Cambria County, PA is $88,900, and the homeownership rate is 74.3%. Most people in Cambria County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Cambria County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Cambria County, PA employs 57.4k people. The largest industries in Cambria County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,111 people), Retail Trade (6,964 people), and Manufacturing (5,327 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($65,982), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($56,212), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($50,069).

Median household income in Cambria County, PA is $44,943. Males in Cambria County, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Cambria County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,943

2017 value

± $969

4.72%

1 Year Growth

± 2.99%

Households in Cambria County, PA have a median annual income of $44,943, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,917 in 2016, which represents a 4.72% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cambria County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cambria County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 125

  2. Census Tract 111

  3. Census Tract 113

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cambria County, PA was Census Tract 125 with a value of $63,443, followed by Census Tract 111 and Census Tract 113, with respective values of $63,161 and $62,500.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cambria County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cambria County, PA (20.1k out of 129k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    16,532 ± 678

  2. Black

    1,748 ± 252

  3. Two Or More

    1,585 ± 225

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cambria County, PA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

57.4k

2017 Value

± 1,173

-0.486%

1 Year decline

± 2.89%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cambria County, PA declined at a rate of -0.486%, from 57.6k employees to 57.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cambria County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,579 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,557 people), and Management Occupations (4,086 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cambria County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cambria County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,579 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,557 people), and Management Occupations (4,086 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cambria County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.03 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.92 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cambria County, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($64,667), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,229), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($59,982).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

57.4k

2017 Value

± 1,173

-0.486%

1 Year decline

± 2.89%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cambria County, PA declined at a rate of -0.486%, from 57.6k employees to 57.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cambria County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,111 people), Retail Trade (6,964 people), and Manufacturing (5,327 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cambria County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Cambria County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cambria County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,111 people), Retail Trade (6,964 people), and Manufacturing (5,327 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cambria County, PA has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.64 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.52 times), and Utilities (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cambria County, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($65,982), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($56,212), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($50,069).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.4% of the population of Cambria County, PA has health coverage, with 46.5% on employee plans, 17% on Medicaid, 15.2% on Medicare, 14.2% on non-group plans, and 1.55% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cambria County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Cambria County, PA see 1176 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.64% increase from the previous year (1157 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1796 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 586 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,176 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cambria County, PA see an average of 1,176 patients per year. This represents a 1.64% increase from the previous year (1,157 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cambria County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.56%

Uninsured

46.5%

Employer Coverage

17%

Medicaid

15.2%

Medicare

14.2%

Non-Group

1.55%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cambria County, PA declined by 13.2% from 6.4% to 5.56%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cambria County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cambria County, PA is home to a population of 136k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.23% of Cambria County, PA residents were born outside of the country (1.67k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cambria County, PA is composed of 126k White Alone residents (93%), 4.28k Black or African American Alone residents (3.15%), 2.2k Two or More Races residents (1.62%), 2.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.54%), 669 Asian Alone residents (0.492%), 166 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.122%), 60 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0442%), and 22 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0162%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cambria County, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cambria County, PA was 45. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Cambria County, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cambria County, PA residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.23%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.67k people

1.17%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.61k people

As of 2017, 1.23% of Cambria County, PA residents (1.67k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cambria County, PA was 1.17%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cambria County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 81,562 Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Cambria County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cambria County, PA was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cambria County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    126k ± 85

  2. Black or African American Alone

    4.28k ± 274

  3. Two or More Races

    2.2k ± 290

In 2017, there were 29.5 times more White Alone residents (126k people) in Cambria County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.28k Black or African American Alone and 2.2k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cambria County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cambria County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cambria County, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cambria County, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,358 ± 273

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,476 ± 194

  3. Korea

    1,345 ± 180

Cambria County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cambria County, PA awarded 2,448 degrees. The student population of Cambria County, PA is skewed towards women, with 4,387 male students and 6,106 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cambria County, PA are White (2,052 and 84.5%), followed by Unknown (156 and 6.43%), Black or African American (100 and 4.12%), and Hispanic or Latino (58 and 2.39%).

The largest universities in Cambria County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Saint Francis University (778 and 31.8%), University of Pittsburgh-Johnstown (539 and 22%), and Mount Aloysius College (438 and 17.9%).

The most popular majors in Cambria County, PA are Registered Nursing (264 and 10.8%), Other Allied Health & Medical Assisting Services (185 and 7.56%), and General Business (152 and 6.21%).

The median tuition costs in Cambria County, PA are $26,477 for private four year colleges, and $12,688 and $23,710 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 83 degrees awarded

  2. 104 degrees awarded

  3. 100 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cambria County, PA was General Psychology with 83 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cambria County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 778 degrees awarded

  2. 539 degrees awarded

  3. 438 degrees awarded

$12,688

Median In-State Public

$26,477

Median Private

In 2016, the Cambria County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Saint Francis University with 778 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

914

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,534

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 914 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cambria County, PA, which is 0.596 times less than the 1,534 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cambria County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,052 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    156 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    100 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cambria County, PA were to White students. These 2,052 degrees mean that there were 13.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 156 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cambria County, PA was $88,900 in 2017, which is 0.409 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $88,200 to $88,900, a 0.794% increase. The homeownership rate in Cambria County, PA is 74.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cambria County, PA have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cambria County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,943

Median Household Income

± $969

57.2k

Number of Households

± 1,173

In 2017, the median household income of the 57.2k households in Cambria County, PA grew to $44,943 from the previous year's value of $42,917.

The following chart displays the households in Cambria County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$88,900

2017 Median

± $1,438

$88,200

2016 Median

± $1,514

In 2017, the median property value in Cambria County, PA grew to to $88,900 from the previous year's value of $88,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cambria County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cambria County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cambria County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cambria County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.3%

2017 Homeownership

74.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.3% of the housing units in Cambria County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cambria County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cambria County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cambria County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cambria County, PA have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.13% of the workforce in Cambria County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cambria County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.77%

  3. Walked

    2.95%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cambria County, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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