Cumberland County, NC

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Population

332,546

1.66% growth

Median Age

31.3


Median Household Income

$43,759

3.2% decline

Poverty Rate

18.2%


Number of Employees

128,780

2.54% growth

Median Property Value

$136,500

1.64% growth

About

In 2017, Cumberland County, NC had a population of 333k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $43,759. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cumberland County, NC grew from 327,127 to 332,546, a 1.66% increase and its median household income declined from $45,205 to $43,759, a -3.2% decrease.

The population of Cumberland County, NC is 43.2% White Alone, 36.3% Black or African American Alone, and 11.6% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Cumberland County, NC speak a non-English language, and 97.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland County, NC are Fayetteville Technical Community College (4,481 degrees awarded in 2016), Fayetteville State University (1,146 degrees), and Miller-Motte College-Fayetteville (760 degrees).

The median property value in Cumberland County, NC is $136,500, and the homeownership rate is 49.7%. Most people in Cumberland County, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland County, NC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Carvers Creek, NC

Economy

The economy of Cumberland County, NC employs 129k people. The largest industries in Cumberland County, NC are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,543 people), Retail Trade (19,276 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (12,592 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($45,180), Utilities ($44,160), and Wholesale Trade ($42,997).

Median household income in Cumberland County, NC is $43,759. Males in Cumberland County, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,208. The income inequality in Cumberland County, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,759

2017 value

± $1,587

-3.2%

1 Year Growth

± 5.77%

Households in Cumberland County, NC have a median annual income of $43,759, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,205 in 2016, which represents a -3.2% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cumberland County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,048

Average Male Salary

± $1,147

$46,208

Average Female Salary

± $809

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,340 ± $4,747

  2. White

    $51,739 ± $820

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $47,717 ± $31,159

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland County, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.293% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 34.06

  2. Census Tract 32.01

  3. Census Tract 31.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland County, NC was Census Tract 34.06 with a value of $93,438, followed by Census Tract 32.01 and Census Tract 31.02, with respective values of $88,038 and $80,970.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cumberland County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland County, NC (57.6k out of 317k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    28,368 ± 1,000

  2. White

    21,790 ± 986

  3. Hispanic

    6,876 ± 566

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland County, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

129k

2017 Value

± 5,291

2.54%

1 Year growth

± 5.88%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland County, NC grew at a rate of 2.54%, from 126k employees to 129k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland County, NC, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,006 people), Sales & Related Occupations (16,000 people), and Management Occupations (10,296 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, NC, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,006 people), Sales & Related Occupations (16,000 people), and Management Occupations (10,296 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.58 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.58 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, NC, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,448), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,925), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($63,400).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

129k

2017 Value

± 5,291

2.54%

1 Year growth

± 5.88%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland County, NC grew at a rate of 2.54%, from 126k employees to 129k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland County, NC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,543 people), Retail Trade (19,276 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (12,592 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland County, NC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,543 people), Retail Trade (19,276 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (12,592 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, NC has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.14 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.34 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland County, NC, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($45,180), Utilities ($44,160), and Wholesale Trade ($42,997).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.1% of the population of Cumberland County, NC has health coverage, with 26.8% on employee plans, 18.4% on Medicaid, 6.81% on Medicare, 19.5% on non-group plans, and 18.7% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cumberland County, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, NC see 1349 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.66% increase from the previous year (1327 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1038 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 359 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,349 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, NC see an average of 1,349 patients per year. This represents a 1.66% increase from the previous year (1,327 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cumberland County, NC in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.91%

Uninsured

26.8%

Employer Coverage

18.4%

Medicaid

6.81%

Medicare

19.5%

Non-Group

18.7%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland County, NC declined by 0.151% from 9.93% to 9.91%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cumberland County, NC is home to a population of 333k people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.01% of Cumberland County, NC residents were born outside of the country (20k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cumberland County, NC is composed of 144k White Alone residents (43.2%), 121k Black or African American Alone residents (36.3%), 38.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (11.6%), 15.5k Two or More Races residents (4.65%), 8.74k Asian Alone residents (2.63%), 3.2k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.963%), 1.12k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.336%), and 1.01k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.305%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cumberland County, NC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cumberland County, NC was 31.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Cumberland County, NC are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cumberland County, NC residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.01%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20k people

5.87%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

19.2k people

As of 2017, 6.01% of Cumberland County, NC residents (20k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland County, NC was 5.87%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,569 ± 11,827 people

  2. India

    71,743 ± 6,553 people

  3. Honduras

    36,265 ± 4,667 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 237,569 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,743 and Honduras with 36,265.

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Citizenship

97.4%

2017 Citizenship

97.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.4% of Cumberland County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland County, NC was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    144k ± 626

  2. Black or African American Alone

    121k ± 2.37k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    38.6k ± 3.97k

In 2017, there were 1.19 times more White Alone residents (144k people) in Cumberland County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 121k Black or African American Alone and 38.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cumberland County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cumberland County, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cumberland County, NC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cumberland County, NC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    17,720 ± 2,019

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    9,087 ± 1,234

  3. Vietnam

    7,691 ± 1,177

Cumberland County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cumberland County, NC awarded 6,989 degrees. The student population of Cumberland County, NC is skewed towards women, with 8,542 male students and 12,771 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland County, NC are White (3,040 and 43.7%), followed by Black or African American (2,490 and 35.8%), Hispanic or Latino (671 and 9.65%), and Unknown (268 and 3.85%).

The largest universities in Cumberland County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Fayetteville Technical Community College (4,481 and 64.1%), Fayetteville State University (1,146 and 16.4%), and Miller-Motte College-Fayetteville (760 and 10.9%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland County, NC are General Business Administration & Management (976 and 14%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (798 and 11.4%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (431 and 6.17%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland County, NC are $5,040 for private four year colleges, and $2,923 and $14,531 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Cumberland County, NC was Crisis/Disaster Management with 206 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Cumberland County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,481 degrees awarded

  2. 1,146 degrees awarded

  3. 760 degrees awarded

$2,923

Median In-State Public

$5,040

Median Private

In 2016, the Cumberland County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Fayetteville Technical Community College with 4,481 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,454

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,535

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,454 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland County, NC, which is 0.977 times less than the 3,535 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cumberland County, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,040 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,490 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    671 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cumberland County, NC were to White students. These 3,040 degrees mean that there were 1.22 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,490 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland County, NC was $136,500 in 2017, which is 0.627 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $134,300 to $136,500, a 1.64% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland County, NC is 49.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland County, NC have an average commute time of 21 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cumberland County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,759

Median Household Income

± $1,587

128k

Number of Households

± 5,153

In 2017, the median household income of the 128k households in Cumberland County, NC declined from $43,759 from the previous year's value of $45,205.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$136,500

2017 Median

± $5,019

$134,300

2016 Median

± $5,031

In 2017, the median property value in Cumberland County, NC grew to to $136,500 from the previous year's value of $134,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

49.7%

2017 Homeownership

51.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 49.7% of the housing units in Cumberland County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland County, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland County, NC have a shorter commute time (21 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.19% of the workforce in Cumberland County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.3%

  2. Carpooled

    7.82%

  3. Walked

    6.79%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland County, NC was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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