Dakota County, MN

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Population

425,423

0.871% growth

Poverty Rate

6.87%


Median Age

38.2


Median Household Income

$86,302

6.77% growth

Number of Employees

232,186

0.281% growth

Median Property Value

$279,300

5% growth

About

In 2018, Dakota County, MN had a population of 425k people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $86,302. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Dakota County, MN grew from 421,751 to 425,423, a 0.871% increase and its median household income grew from $80,832 to $86,302, a 6.77% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Dakota County, MN are White (Non-Hispanic) (77.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.47%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.82%), White (Hispanic) (4.4%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (3.32%). N/A% of the people in Dakota County, MN speak a non-English language, and 95.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dakota County, MN are Dakota County Technical College (824 degrees awarded in 2017), Inver Hills Community College (759 degrees), and Argosy University-Twin Cities (353 degrees).

The median property value in Dakota County, MN is $279,300, and the homeownership rate is 74.2%. Most people in Dakota County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Dakota County, MN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Hastings, MN

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Minnesota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Minnesota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Minnesota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Minnesota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Minnesota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Dakota County, MN employs 232k people. The largest industries in Dakota County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,189 people), Retail Trade (27,388 people), and Manufacturing (24,703 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($101,346), Utilities ($100,861), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($95,882).

Median household income in Dakota County, MN is $86,302. Males in Dakota County, MN have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,167. The income inequality in Dakota County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$86,302

2018 value

± $2,510

6.77%

1 Year Growth

± 3.4%

Households in Dakota County, MN have a median annual income of $86,302, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $80,832 in 2017, which represents a 6.77% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Dakota County, MN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$72,786

Average Male Salary

± $1,613

$56,167

Average Female Salary

± $1,265

In 2018, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $56,930 ± $990

  2. Asian

    $56,786 ± $4,618

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $39,533 ± $8,965

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dakota County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.462

2018 Wage GINI

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.33% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 607.30

  2. Census Tract 607.32

  3. Census Tract 608.16

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dakota County, MN was Census Tract 607.30 with a value of $147,273, followed by Census Tract 607.32 and Census Tract 608.16, with respective values of $142,174 and $137,375.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Dakota County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.87% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dakota County, MN (28.3k out of 412k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,017 ± 860

  2. Hispanic

    5,433 ± 542

  3. Black

    4,665 ± 507

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dakota County, MN is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

232k

2018 Value

± 7,031

0.281%

1 Year growth

± 4.33%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Dakota County, MN grew at a rate of 0.281%, from 232k employees to 232k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dakota County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,856 people), Management Occupations (25,686 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (25,651 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dakota County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dakota County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,856 people), Management Occupations (25,686 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (25,651 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dakota County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.82 times higher than expected), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.52 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.09 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dakota County, MN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($85,573), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($82,430), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($81,752).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

232k

2018 Value

± 7,031

0.281%

1 Year growth

± 4.33%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Dakota County, MN grew at a rate of 0.281%, from 232k employees to 232k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dakota County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,189 people), Retail Trade (27,388 people), and Manufacturing (24,703 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dakota County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Dakota County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dakota County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,189 people), Retail Trade (27,388 people), and Manufacturing (24,703 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dakota County, MN has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.84 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.46 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dakota County, MN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($101,346), Utilities ($100,861), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($95,882).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.4B

  2. $22.8B

  3. $22.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $27.4B, followed by Nonmetal min. prods. ($22.8B) and Cereal grains ($22.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$351B

2020 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

37.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Minnesota trade was $351B. This is expected to increase 37.9% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $29.1B

  2. $26.2B

  3. $14.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $29.1B, followed by Iowa with $26.2B and Illinois and $14.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.9% of the population of Dakota County, MN has health coverage, with 64.7% on employee plans, 11.4% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 9.77% on non-group plans, and 0.759% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Dakota County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Dakota County, MN see 1465 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.95% increase from the previous year (1423 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1524 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 711 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,465 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dakota County, MN see an average of 1,465 patients per year. This represents a 2.95% increase from the previous year (1,423 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dakota County, MN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.07%

Uninsured

64.7%

Employer Coverage

11.4%

Medicaid

10.3%

Medicare

9.77%

Non-Group

0.759%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dakota County, MN declined by 16.7% from 3.69% to 3.07%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dakota County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dakota County, MN is home to a population of 425k people, from which 95.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.19% of Dakota County, MN residents were born outside of the country (38.8k people).

In 2018, there were 12 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (330k people) in Dakota County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 20.5k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Dakota County, MN was 38.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Dakota County, MN are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Dakota County, MN residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

38.8k people

8.79%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

36.7k people

As of 2017, 9.19% of Dakota County, MN residents (38.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dakota County, MN was 8.79%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dakota County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    58,148 ± 5,890 people

  2. Somalia

    37,468 ± 4,736 people

  3. India

    27,159 ± 4,036 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 58,148 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 37,468 and India with 27,159.

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Citizenship

95.3%

2018 Citizenship

96.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.3% of Dakota County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Dakota County, MN was 96.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dakota County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Dakota County, MN

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    330k ± 439

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    27.5k ± 1.99k

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    20.5k ± 1.24k

In 2018, there were 12 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (330k people) in Dakota County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 20.5k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Dakota County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,699 ± 944

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,903 ± 783

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,095 ± 592

Dakota County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.65 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Dakota County, MN awarded 2,096 degrees. The student population of Dakota County, MN is skewed towards women, with 3,615 male students and 4,763 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dakota County, MN are White (1,508 and 72.6%), followed by Black or African American (170 and 8.19%), Hispanic or Latino (122 and 5.88%), and Asian (113 and 5.44%).

The largest universities in Dakota County, MN by number of degrees awarded are Dakota County Technical College (824 and 39.3%), Inver Hills Community College (759 and 36.2%), and Argosy University-Twin Cities (353 and 16.8%).

The most popular majors in Dakota County, MN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (340 and 16.2%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (160 and 7.63%), and Registered Nursing (85 and 4.06%).

The median tuition costs in Dakota County, MN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 340 degrees awarded

  2. 85 degrees awarded

  3. 57 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Dakota County, MN was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 340 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Dakota County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 824 degrees awarded

  2. 759 degrees awarded

  3. 353 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Dakota County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Dakota County Technical College with 824 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

876

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,220

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 876 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dakota County, MN, which is 0.718 times less than the 1,220 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dakota County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,508 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    170 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    122 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dakota County, MN were to White students. These 1,508 degrees mean that there were 8.87 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 170 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dakota County, MN was $279,300 in 2018, which is 1.22 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $266,000 to $279,300, a 5% increase. The homeownership rate in Dakota County, MN is 74.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dakota County, MN have an average commute time of 24.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dakota County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$279,300

2018 Median

± $4,911

$266,000

2017 Median

± $4,446

In 2018, the median property value in Dakota County, MN grew to to $279,300 from the previous year's value of $266,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dakota County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dakota County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$86,302

Median Household Income

± $2,510

162k

Number of Households

± 5,494

In 2018, the median household income of the 162k households in Dakota County, MN grew to $86,302 from the previous year's value of $80,832.

The following chart displays the households in Dakota County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dakota County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dakota County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

74.2%

2018 Homeownership

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 74.2% of the housing units in Dakota County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dakota County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dakota County, MN have a shorter commute time (24.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.25% of the workforce in Dakota County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dakota County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.54%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.91%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Dakota County, MN was Drove Alone (80.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.54%) and those who Worked At Home (4.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dakota County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dakota County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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