Dakota County, MN

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Population

421,751

1.02% growth

Median Age

37.8


Median Household Income

$80,832

2.76% growth

Poverty Rate

6.87%


Number of Employees

231,535

1.74% decline

Median Property Value

$266,000

6.96% growth

About

In 2017, Dakota County, MN had a population of 422k people with a median age of 37.8 and a median household income of $80,832. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dakota County, MN grew from 417,486 to 421,751, a 1.02% increase and its median household income grew from $78,662 to $80,832, a 2.76% increase.

The population of Dakota County, MN is 78.4% White Alone, 7.09% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.3% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Dakota County, MN speak a non-English language, and 96.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dakota County, MN are Dakota County Technical College (981 degrees awarded in 2016), Inver Hills Community College (945 degrees), and Argosy University-Twin Cities (389 degrees).

The median property value in Dakota County, MN is $266,000, and the homeownership rate is 73.2%. Most people in Dakota County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Dakota County, MN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Hastings, MN

Economy

The economy of Dakota County, MN employs 232k people. The largest industries in Dakota County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,672 people), Manufacturing (27,603 people), and Retail Trade (26,810 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($92,177), Finance & Insurance ($73,763), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,076).

Median household income in Dakota County, MN is $80,832. Males in Dakota County, MN have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,055. The income inequality in Dakota County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$80,832

2017 value

± $1,758

2.76%

1 Year Growth

± 4.16%

Households in Dakota County, MN have a median annual income of $80,832, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $78,662 in 2016, which represents a 2.76% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dakota County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$71,464

Average Male Salary

± $1,636

$54,055

Average Female Salary

± $1,216

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,108 ± $4,838

  2. White

    $55,058 ± $978

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $49,227 ± $36,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dakota County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.28% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 608.16

  2. Census Tract 607.31

  3. Census Tract 607.32

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dakota County, MN was Census Tract 608.16 with a value of $132,448, followed by Census Tract 607.31 and Census Tract 607.32, with respective values of $130,500 and $130,400.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Dakota County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.87% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dakota County, MN (28.3k out of 412k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,017 ± 860

  2. Hispanic

    5,433 ± 542

  3. Black

    4,665 ± 507

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dakota County, MN is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

232k

2017 Value

± 7,210

-1.74%

1 Year decline

± 4.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dakota County, MN declined at a rate of -1.74%, from 236k employees to 232k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dakota County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (30,362 people), Management Occupations (27,365 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (23,170 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dakota County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dakota County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (30,362 people), Management Occupations (27,365 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (23,170 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dakota County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.67 times higher than expected), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.24 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.21 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dakota County, MN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($87,283), Legal Occupations ($81,356), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($81,031).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

232k

2017 Value

± 7,210

-1.74%

1 Year decline

± 4.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dakota County, MN declined at a rate of -1.74%, from 236k employees to 232k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dakota County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,672 people), Manufacturing (27,603 people), and Retail Trade (26,810 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dakota County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Dakota County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dakota County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,672 people), Manufacturing (27,603 people), and Retail Trade (26,810 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dakota County, MN has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.54 times higher than expected), Information (1.35 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dakota County, MN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($92,177), Finance & Insurance ($73,763), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,076).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($22.1B) and Nonmetal min. prods. ($19.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.9% of the population of Dakota County, MN has health coverage, with 64.7% on employee plans, 11.4% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 9.77% on non-group plans, and 0.759% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Dakota County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Dakota County, MN see 1465 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.95% increase from the previous year (1423 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1524 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 711 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,465 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dakota County, MN see an average of 1,465 patients per year. This represents a 2.95% increase from the previous year (1,423 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dakota County, MN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.07%

Uninsured

64.7%

Employer Coverage

11.4%

Medicaid

10.3%

Medicare

9.77%

Non-Group

0.759%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dakota County, MN declined by 16.7% from 3.69% to 3.07%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dakota County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dakota County, MN is home to a population of 422k people, from which 96.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.19% of Dakota County, MN residents were born outside of the country (38.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dakota County, MN is composed of 331k White Alone residents (78.4%), 29.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.09%), 26.6k Black or African American Alone residents (6.3%), 19.9k Asian Alone residents (4.72%), 12.6k Two or More Races residents (2.99%), 963 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.228%), 624 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.148%), and 289 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0685%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dakota County, MN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dakota County, MN was 37.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Dakota County, MN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Dakota County, MN residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

38.8k people

8.79%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

36.7k people

As of 2017, 9.19% of Dakota County, MN residents (38.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dakota County, MN was 8.79%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dakota County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    61,530 ± 6,056 people

  2. Somalia

    39,194 ± 4,843 people

  3. India

    31,358 ± 4,335 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 61,530 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 39,194 and India with 31,358.

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Citizenship

96.2%

2017 Citizenship

95.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.2% of Dakota County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dakota County, MN was 95.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dakota County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    331k ± 422

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    29.9k ± 4.84k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    26.6k ± 2k

In 2017, there were 11.1 times more White Alone residents (331k people) in Dakota County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.9k Hispanic or Latino and 26.6k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dakota County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Dakota County, MN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Dakota County, MN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Dakota County, MN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,799 ± 1,004

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,337 ± 774

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,027 ± 640

Dakota County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.34 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dakota County, MN awarded 2,589 degrees. The student population of Dakota County, MN is skewed towards women, with 4,094 male students and 5,156 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dakota County, MN are White (1,920 and 74.7%), followed by Black or African American (167 and 6.5%), Unknown (151 and 5.87%), and Hispanic or Latino (147 and 5.72%).

The largest universities in Dakota County, MN by number of degrees awarded are Dakota County Technical College (981 and 37.9%), Inver Hills Community College (945 and 36.5%), and Argosy University-Twin Cities (389 and 15%).

The most popular majors in Dakota County, MN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (387 and 14.9%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (218 and 8.42%), and Culinary Arts & Chef Training (117 and 4.52%).

The median tuition costs in Dakota County, MN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 86 degrees awarded

  2. 63 degrees awarded

  3. 387 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Dakota County, MN was Registered Nursing with 86 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Dakota County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 981 degrees awarded

  2. 945 degrees awarded

  3. 389 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Dakota County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Dakota County Technical College with 981 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,014

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,575

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,014 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dakota County, MN, which is 0.644 times less than the 1,575 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dakota County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,920 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    167 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    151 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dakota County, MN were to White students. These 1,920 degrees mean that there were 11.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 167 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dakota County, MN was $266,000 in 2017, which is 1.22 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $248,700 to $266,000, a 6.96% increase. The homeownership rate in Dakota County, MN is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dakota County, MN have an average commute time of 23.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dakota County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$80,832

Median Household Income

± $1,758

161k

Number of Households

± 5,650

In 2017, the median household income of the 161k households in Dakota County, MN grew to $80,832 from the previous year's value of $78,662.

The following chart displays the households in Dakota County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$266,000

2017 Median

± $4,446

$248,700

2016 Median

± $4,361

In 2017, the median property value in Dakota County, MN grew to to $266,000 from the previous year's value of $248,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dakota County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dakota County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dakota County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dakota County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

73.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.2% of the housing units in Dakota County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dakota County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dakota County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dakota County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dakota County, MN have a shorter commute time (23.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.07% of the workforce in Dakota County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dakota County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.6%

  2. Carpooled

    7.92%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.25%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dakota County, MN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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