Jackson County, MI

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Population

158,989

0.31% decline

Median Age

41


Median Household Income

$49,715

4.2% growth

Poverty Rate

15.2%


Number of Employees

67,486

2.45% growth

Median Property Value

$120,100

3.8% growth

About

In 2017, Jackson County, MI had a population of 159k people with a median age of 41 and a median household income of $49,715. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson County, MI declined from 159,483 to 158,989, a -0.31% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,709 to $49,715, a 4.2% increase.

The population of Jackson County, MI is 85% White Alone, 8.22% Black or African American Alone, and 3.4% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jackson County, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County, MI are Spring Arbor University (1,086 degrees awarded in 2016), Jackson College (771 degrees), and Career Quest Learning Centers-Jackson (108 degrees).

The median property value in Jackson County, MI is $120,100, and the homeownership rate is 73.2%. Most people in Jackson County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Phyllis Haehnle Memorial Audubon Sanctuary

Economy

The economy of Jackson County, MI employs 67.5k people. The largest industries in Jackson County, MI are Manufacturing (13,018 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,167 people), and Retail Trade (8,311 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($76,597), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,917), and Public Administration ($50,655).

Median household income in Jackson County, MI is $49,715. Males in Jackson County, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Jackson County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,715

2017 value

± $1,516

4.2%

1 Year Growth

± 4.25%

Households in Jackson County, MI have a median annual income of $49,715, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,709 in 2016, which represents a 4.2% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson County, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 52

  2. Census Tract 68.01

  3. Census Tract 63.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County, MI was Census Tract 52 with a value of $83,750, followed by Census Tract 68.01 and Census Tract 63.04, with respective values of $69,815 and $68,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jackson County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County, MI (22.6k out of 149k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    16,977 ± 865

  2. Black

    4,319 ± 428

  3. Two Or More

    1,061 ± 260

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

67.5k

2017 Value

± 1,595

2.45%

1 Year growth

± 3.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, MI grew at a rate of 2.45%, from 65.9k employees to 67.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,898 people), Production Occupations (8,284 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,582 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson County, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,898 people), Production Occupations (8,284 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,582 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.12 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.53 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson County, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($77,708), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($68,306), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($66,738).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

67.5k

2017 Value

± 1,595

2.45%

1 Year growth

± 3.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, MI grew at a rate of 2.45%, from 65.9k employees to 67.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County, MI, are Manufacturing (13,018 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,167 people), and Retail Trade (8,311 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson County, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (13,018 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,167 people), and Retail Trade (8,311 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, MI has an unusually high number of Utilities (3.02 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.91 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.09 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson County, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($76,597), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,917), and Public Administration ($50,655).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Jackson County, MI has health coverage, with 48.1% on employee plans, 18.3% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jackson County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, MI see 1922 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.05% increase from the previous year (1902 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1634 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 417 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,922 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, MI see an average of 1,922 patients per year. This represents a 1.05% increase from the previous year (1,902 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jackson County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.39%

Uninsured

48.1%

Employer Coverage

18.3%

Medicaid

13.5%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

1.08%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County, MI declined by 12.8% from 8.47% to 7.39%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson County, MI is home to a population of 159k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.62% of Jackson County, MI residents were born outside of the country (2.58k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson County, MI is composed of 135k White Alone residents (85%), 13.1k Black or African American Alone residents (8.22%), 5.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.4%), 3.6k Two or More Races residents (2.26%), 1.18k Asian Alone residents (0.741%), 507 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.319%), 88 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0553%), and 40 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0252%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jackson County, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson County, MI was 41. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Jackson County, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson County, MI residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.62%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.58k people

1.56%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.49k people

As of 2017, 1.62% of Jackson County, MI residents (2.58k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County, MI was 1.56%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

99.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Jackson County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County, MI was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    135k ± 54

  2. Black or African American Alone

    13.1k ± 435

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.4k ± 400

In 2017, there were 10.3 times more White Alone residents (135k people) in Jackson County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.1k Black or African American Alone and 5.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jackson County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jackson County, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jackson County, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,858 ± 318

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,165 ± 205

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,098 ± 211

Jackson County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.31 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jackson County, MI awarded 1,965 degrees. The student population of Jackson County, MI is skewed towards women, with 3,307 male students and 5,597 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County, MI are White (1,528 and 78%), followed by Black or African American (157 and 8.01%), Unknown (139 and 7.1%), and Hispanic or Latino (63 and 3.22%).

The largest universities in Jackson County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Spring Arbor University (1,086 and 55.3%), Jackson College (771 and 39.2%), and Career Quest Learning Centers-Jackson (108 and 5.5%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County, MI are General Business Administration & Management (199 and 10.1%), Other Registered Nursing, Nursing Administration, Nursing Research, & Clinical Nursing (164 and 8.35%), and Social Work (164 and 8.35%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson County, MI are $26,130 for private four year colleges, and $4,680 and $6,480 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson County, MI was Social Work with 100 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,086 degrees awarded

  2. 771 degrees awarded

  3. 108 degrees awarded

$4,680

Median In-State Public

$26,130

Median Private

In 2016, the Jackson County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Spring Arbor University with 1,086 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

634

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,331

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 634 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County, MI, which is 0.476 times less than the 1,331 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jackson County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,528 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    157 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    139 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson County, MI were to White students. These 1,528 degrees mean that there were 9.73 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 157 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County, MI was $120,100 in 2017, which is 0.552 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $115,700 to $120,100, a 3.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson County, MI is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson County, MI have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,715

Median Household Income

± $1,516

61.4k

Number of Households

± 1,504

In 2017, the median household income of the 61.4k households in Jackson County, MI grew to $49,715 from the previous year's value of $47,709.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$120,100

2017 Median

± $2,669

$115,700

2016 Median

± $2,516

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson County, MI grew to to $120,100 from the previous year's value of $115,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

72.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.2% of the housing units in Jackson County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County, MI have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.74% of the workforce in Jackson County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.35%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.42%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson County, MI was Drove Alone (83.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.35%) and those who Worked At Home (3.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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