Ingham County, MI

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Population

290,186

0.741% growth

Median Age

31.9


Median Household Income

$50,896

3.58% growth

Poverty Rate

20.9%


Number of Employees

142,381

0.388% growth

Median Property Value

$134,400

4.11% growth

About

In 2017, Ingham County, MI had a population of 290k people with a median age of 31.9 and a median household income of $50,896. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ingham County, MI grew from 288,051 to 290,186, a 0.741% increase and its median household income grew from $49,139 to $50,896, a 3.58% increase.

The population of Ingham County, MI is 69.7% White Alone, 11.1% Black or African American Alone, and 7.74% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Ingham County, MI speak a non-English language, and 92.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ingham County, MI are Michigan State University (12,559 degrees awarded in 2016), Lansing Community College (2,971 degrees), and Douglas J Aveda Institute (638 degrees).

The median property value in Ingham County, MI is $134,400, and the homeownership rate is 57.8%. Most people in Ingham County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Ingham County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Michigan State Capitol Rotunda, Lansing, MI

Economy

The economy of Ingham County, MI employs 142k people. The largest industries in Ingham County, MI are Educational Services (24,397 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (17,739 people), and Manufacturing (14,920 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($61,278), Public Administration ($60,509), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,224).

Median household income in Ingham County, MI is $50,896. Males in Ingham County, MI have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,042. The income inequality in Ingham County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,896

2017 value

± $2,289

3.58%

1 Year Growth

± 6%

Households in Ingham County, MI have a median annual income of $50,896, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,139 in 2016, which represents a 3.58% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ingham County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Michigan.

$66,184

Average Male Salary

± $1,151

$48,042

Average Female Salary

± $879

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ingham County, MI made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ingham County, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,268 ± $4,166

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,705 ± $51,364

  3. White

    $50,410 ± $738

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ingham County, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ingham County, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ingham County, MI is from Michigan.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.74% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 50.02

  2. Census Tract 52.02

  3. Census Tract 57

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ingham County, MI was Census Tract 50.02 with a value of $108,375, followed by Census Tract 52.02 and Census Tract 57, with respective values of $90,156 and $89,760.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ingham County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ingham County, MI (56k out of 268k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    34,936 ± 1,138

  2. Black

    9,673 ± 734

  3. Two Or More

    5,901 ± 636

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ingham County, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

142k

2017 Value

± 5,773

0.388%

1 Year growth

± 5.68%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ingham County, MI grew at a rate of 0.388%, from 142k employees to 142k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ingham County, MI, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,156 people), Postsecondary Teachers (7,031 people), and Other Office & Administrative Support Workers (4,366 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ingham County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ingham County, MI, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,156 people), Postsecondary Teachers (7,031 people), and Other Office & Administrative Support Workers (4,366 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ingham County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Postsecondary Teachers (4.79 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Technicians (4.29 times), and First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other (3.55 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ingham County, MI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($72,935), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,198), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($71,587).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

142k

2017 Value

± 5,773

0.388%

1 Year growth

± 5.68%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ingham County, MI grew at a rate of 0.388%, from 142k employees to 142k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ingham County, MI, are Educational Services (24,397 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (17,739 people), and Manufacturing (14,920 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ingham County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Ingham County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ingham County, MI, by number of employees, are Educational Services (24,397 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (17,739 people), and Manufacturing (14,920 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ingham County, MI has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.88 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.27 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ingham County, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($61,278), Public Administration ($60,509), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,224).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.6% of the population of Ingham County, MI has health coverage, with 53.4% on employee plans, 18.7% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 0.945% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Ingham County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Ingham County, MI see 944 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.212% increase from the previous year (942 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1372 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 292 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

944 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Ingham County, MI see an average of 944 patients per year. This represents a 0.212% increase from the previous year (942 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ingham County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.39%

Uninsured

53.4%

Employer Coverage

18.7%

Medicaid

10.3%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

0.945%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ingham County, MI declined by 27.5% from 6.06% to 4.39%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ingham County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ingham County, MI is home to a population of 290k people, from which 92.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.22% of Ingham County, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Ingham County, MI is composed of 202k White Alone residents (69.7%), 32.1k Black or African American Alone residents (11.1%), 22.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.74%), 19k Asian Alone residents (6.56%), 13.4k Two or More Races residents (4.61%), 571 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.197%), 502 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.173%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ingham County, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

32

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ingham County, MI was 31.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 32. But people in Ingham County, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ingham County, MI residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.22%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.73%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 9.22% of Ingham County, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ingham County, MI was 8.73%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ingham County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    78,610 ± 6,856 people

  2. Mexico

    76,973 ± 6,785 people

  3. Iraq

    56,485 ± 5,818 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ingham County, MI was India, the natal country of 78,610 Ingham County, MI residents, followed by Mexico with 76,973 and Iraq with 56,485.

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Citizenship

92.7%

2017 Citizenship

93.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.7% of Ingham County, MI residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ingham County, MI was 93.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ingham County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    202k ± 325

  2. Black or African American Alone

    32.1k ± 2.52k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    22.5k ± 2.37k

In 2017, there were 6.3 times more White Alone residents (202k people) in Ingham County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 32.1k Black or African American Alone and 22.5k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ingham County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Ingham County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Ingham County, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Ingham County, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,749 ± 895

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,244 ± 837

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,752 ± 604

Ingham County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ingham County, MI awarded 17,407 degrees. The student population of Ingham County, MI is skewed towards women, with 31,637 male students and 35,612 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ingham County, MI are White (12,124 and 77.7%), followed by Black or African American (1,191 and 7.63%), Hispanic or Latino (707 and 4.53%), and Asian (666 and 4.27%).

The largest universities in Ingham County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Michigan State University (12,559 and 72.1%), Lansing Community College (2,971 and 17.1%), and Douglas J Aveda Institute (638 and 3.67%).

The most popular majors in Ingham County, MI are Law (729 and 4.19%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (671 and 3.85%), and General Cosmetology (494 and 2.84%).

The median tuition costs in Ingham County, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $14,880 and $38,486 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 396 degrees awarded

  2. 373 degrees awarded

  3. 472 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ingham County, MI was General Biological Sciences with 396 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ingham County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,559 degrees awarded

  2. 2,971 degrees awarded

  3. 638 degrees awarded

$14,880

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Ingham County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Michigan State University with 12,559 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,503

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,904

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 7,503 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ingham County, MI, which is 0.758 times less than the 9,904 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Ingham County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    12,124 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,191 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    707 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ingham County, MI were to White students. These 12,124 degrees mean that there were 10.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,191 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ingham County, MI was $134,400 in 2017, which is 0.618 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $129,100 to $134,400, a 4.11% increase. The homeownership rate in Ingham County, MI is 57.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ingham County, MI have an average commute time of 20.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ingham County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,896

Median Household Income

± $2,289

112k

Number of Households

± 4,849

In 2017, the median household income of the 112k households in Ingham County, MI grew to $50,896 from the previous year's value of $49,139.

The following chart displays the households in Ingham County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$134,400

2017 Median

± $6,890

$129,100

2016 Median

± $4,724

In 2017, the median property value in Ingham County, MI grew to to $134,400 from the previous year's value of $129,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ingham County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ingham County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ingham County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ingham County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

57.8%

2017 Homeownership

58.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.8% of the housing units in Ingham County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ingham County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ingham County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ingham County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ingham County, MI have a shorter commute time (20.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.44% of the workforce in Ingham County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ingham County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75%

  2. Carpooled

    9.83%

  3. Walked

    4.95%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ingham County, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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