Boyd County, KY

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Population

48,486

0.472% decline

Median Age

41.9


Median Household Income

$45,543

3.18% growth

Poverty Rate

19.3%


Number of Employees

18,235

1.28% decline

Median Property Value

$103,900

3.18% growth

About

In 2017, Boyd County, KY had a population of 48.5k people with a median age of 41.9 and a median household income of $45,543. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Boyd County, KY declined from 48,716 to 48,486, a -0.472% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,140 to $45,543, a 3.18% increase.

The population of Boyd County, KY is 93.3% White Alone, 2.44% Black or African American Alone, and 2.2% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Boyd County, KY speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Boyd County, KY are Ashland Community and Technical College (1,719 degrees awarded in 2016) and Tri-State Barber College (8 degrees).

The median property value in Boyd County, KY is $103,900, and the homeownership rate is 69.9%. Most people in Boyd County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Boyd County, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Boyd County, KY employs 18.2k people. The largest industries in Boyd County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,537 people), Retail Trade (2,474 people), and Educational Services (1,794 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($68,663), Manufacturing ($56,071), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($53,885).

Median household income in Boyd County, KY is $45,543. Males in Boyd County, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Boyd County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,543

2017 value

± $2,616

3.18%

1 Year Growth

± 8.14%

Households in Boyd County, KY have a median annual income of $45,543, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,140 in 2016, which represents a 3.18% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Boyd County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Boyd County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 306

  2. Census Tract 305

  3. Census Tract 307

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Boyd County, KY was Census Tract 306 with a value of $56,775, followed by Census Tract 305 and Census Tract 307, with respective values of $55,857 and $54,875.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Boyd County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Boyd County, KY (8.94k out of 46.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,119 ± 583

  2. Two Or More

    540 ± 162

  3. Black

    232 ± 160

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Boyd County, KY is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

18.2k

2017 Value

± 914

-1.28%

1 Year decline

± 7.03%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Boyd County, KY declined at a rate of -1.28%, from 18.5k employees to 18.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Boyd County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,488 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,827 people), and Management Occupations (1,549 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Boyd County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Boyd County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,488 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,827 people), and Management Occupations (1,549 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Boyd County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.92 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.9 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Boyd County, KY, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($88,398), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,182), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($73,424).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

18.2k

2017 Value

± 914

-1.28%

1 Year decline

± 7.03%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Boyd County, KY declined at a rate of -1.28%, from 18.5k employees to 18.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Boyd County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,537 people), Retail Trade (2,474 people), and Educational Services (1,794 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Boyd County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Boyd County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Boyd County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,537 people), Retail Trade (2,474 people), and Educational Services (1,794 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Boyd County, KY has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.57 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.4 times), and Information (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Boyd County, KY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($68,663), Manufacturing ($56,071), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($53,885).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals ($17.1B) and Gasoline ($17.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.4% of the population of Boyd County, KY has health coverage, with 40.9% on employee plans, 22.2% on Medicaid, 15.8% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 1.82% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Boyd County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Boyd County, KY see 1007 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.22% increase from the previous year (957 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1416 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 176 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,007 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Boyd County, KY see an average of 1,007 patients per year. This represents a 5.22% increase from the previous year (957 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Boyd County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.57%

Uninsured

40.9%

Employer Coverage

22.2%

Medicaid

15.8%

Medicare

10.7%

Non-Group

1.82%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Boyd County, KY declined by 13.8% from 9.93% to 8.57%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Boyd County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Boyd County, KY is home to a population of 48.5k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.932% of Boyd County, KY residents were born outside of the country (452 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Boyd County, KY is composed of 45.2k White Alone residents (93.3%), 1.18k Black or African American Alone residents (2.44%), 1.07k Two or More Races residents (2.2%), 826 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.7%), 141 Asian Alone residents (0.291%), 52 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.107%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Boyd County, KY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Boyd County, KY was 41.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Boyd County, KY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Boyd County, KY residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.932%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

452 people

0.909%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

443 people

As of 2017, 0.932% of Boyd County, KY residents (452 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Boyd County, KY was 0.909%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Boyd County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Boyd County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Boyd County, KY was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Boyd County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    45.2k ± 8

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.18k ± 92

  3. Two or More Races

    1.07k ± 109

In 2017, there were 38.2 times more White Alone residents (45.2k people) in Boyd County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.18k Black or African American Alone and 1.07k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Boyd County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Boyd County, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Boyd County, KY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Boyd County, KY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,508 ± 205

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    646 ± 196

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    455 ± 125

Boyd County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Boyd County, KY awarded 1,727 degrees. The student population of Boyd County, KY is skewed towards women, with 1,227 male students and 1,569 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Boyd County, KY are White (1,665 and 96.4%), followed by Two or More Races (17 and 0.984%), Black or African American (15 and 0.869%), and Unknown (14 and 0.811%).

The largest universities in Boyd County, KY by number of degrees awarded are Ashland Community and Technical College (1,719 and 99.5%) and Tri-State Barber College (8 and 0.463%).

The most popular majors in Boyd County, KY are Welding Technology (243 and 14.1%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (216 and 12.5%), and Electrician (207 and 12%).

The median tuition costs in Boyd County, KY are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 238 degrees awarded

  2. 205 degrees awarded

  3. 184 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Boyd County, KY was Welding Technology with 238 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Boyd County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,719 degrees awarded

  2. 8 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Boyd County, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ashland Community and Technical College with 1,719 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

999

Degrees Awarded to Men

728

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 999 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Boyd County, KY, which is 1.37 times more than the 728 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Boyd County, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,665 degrees awarded

  2. Two or More Races

    17 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    15 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Boyd County, KY were to White students. These 1,665 degrees mean that there were 97.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 17 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Boyd County, KY was $103,900 in 2017, which is 0.477 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $100,700 to $103,900, a 3.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Boyd County, KY is 69.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Boyd County, KY have an average commute time of 21.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Boyd County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,543

Median Household Income

± $2,616

19.1k

Number of Households

± 861

In 2017, the median household income of the 19.1k households in Boyd County, KY grew to $45,543 from the previous year's value of $44,140.

The following chart displays the households in Boyd County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$103,900

2017 Median

± $6,048

$100,700

2016 Median

± $5,728

In 2017, the median property value in Boyd County, KY grew to to $103,900 from the previous year's value of $100,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Boyd County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Boyd County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Boyd County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Boyd County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.9%

2017 Homeownership

69.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.9% of the housing units in Boyd County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Boyd County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Boyd County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Boyd County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Boyd County, KY have a shorter commute time (21.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.26% of the workforce in Boyd County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Boyd County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.8%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Walked

    3.36%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Boyd County, KY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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