Jefferson County, IN

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Population

32,293

0.582% decline

Median Age

40.6


Median Household Income

$50,722

7.77% growth

Poverty Rate

13.7%


Number of Employees

14,465

0.928% growth

Median Property Value

$120,000

6.48% growth

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, IN had a population of 32.3k people with a median age of 40.6 and a median household income of $50,722. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, IN declined from 32,482 to 32,293, a -0.582% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,065 to $50,722, a 7.77% increase.

The population of Jefferson County, IN is 93% White Alone, 2.62% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.05% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, IN speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IN are Hanover College (297 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Jefferson County, IN is $120,000, and the homeownership rate is 71.7%. Most people in Jefferson County, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, IN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, IN employs 14.5k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, IN are Manufacturing (4,556 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,899 people), and Retail Trade (1,623 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($84,712), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,190), and Transportation & Warehousing ($48,272).

Median household income in Jefferson County, IN is $50,722. Males in Jefferson County, IN have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,677. The income inequality in Jefferson County, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,722

2017 value

± $2,808

7.77%

1 Year Growth

± 6.62%

Households in Jefferson County, IN have a median annual income of $50,722, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,065 in 2016, which represents a 7.77% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

$59,508

Average Male Salary

± $1,197

$42,677

Average Female Salary

± $917

In 2017, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $60,595 ± $7,828

  2. White

    $45,279 ± $744

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,920 ± $17,388

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.34 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, IN is from Indiana.

0.456

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0682% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9660

  2. Census Tract 9661

  3. Census Tract 9662

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, IN was Census Tract 9660 with a value of $59,950, followed by Census Tract 9661 and Census Tract 9662, with respective values of $58,029 and $55,909.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, IN (4.06k out of 29.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females < 5 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,921 ± 433

  2. Hispanic

    300 ± 202

  3. Asian

    75 ± 125

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, IN is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

14.5k

2017 Value

± 795

0.928%

1 Year growth

± 7.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, IN grew at a rate of 0.928%, from 14.3k employees to 14.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, IN, are Production Occupations (2,945 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,528 people), and Management Occupations (1,169 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,945 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,528 people), and Management Occupations (1,169 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.51 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.83 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.37 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,077), Management Occupations ($61,250), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($57,750).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

14.5k

2017 Value

± 795

0.928%

1 Year growth

± 7.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, IN grew at a rate of 0.928%, from 14.3k employees to 14.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, IN, are Manufacturing (4,556 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,899 people), and Retail Trade (1,623 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, IN, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (4,556 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,899 people), and Retail Trade (1,623 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, IN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (3.11 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.53 times), and Retail Trade (0.983 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($84,712), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,190), and Transportation & Warehousing ($48,272).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $69.1B

  2. $42.9B

  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals ($42.9B) and Mixed freight ($39.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$446B

2015 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.9B

  2. $32.7B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.9% of the population of Jefferson County, IN has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 14.1% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 1.7% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IN see 1801 patients per year on average, which represents a 21.9% increase from the previous year (1477 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1621 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1046 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,801 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IN see an average of 1,801 patients per year. This represents a 21.9% increase from the previous year (1,477 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, IN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.08%

Uninsured

52.4%

Employer Coverage

14.1%

Medicaid

12.1%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

1.7%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, IN declined by 15.9% from 10.8% to 9.08%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, IN is home to a population of 32.3k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.09% of Jefferson County, IN residents were born outside of the country (351 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, IN is composed of 30k White Alone residents (93%), 846 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.62%), 662 Black or African American Alone residents (2.05%), 386 Two or More Races residents (1.2%), 263 Asian Alone residents (0.814%), 66 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.204%), 42 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.13%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jefferson County, IN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, IN was 40.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Jefferson County, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, IN residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.09%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

351 people

1.51%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

492 people

As of 2017, 1.09% of Jefferson County, IN residents (351 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, IN was 1.51%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    106,451 ± 7,946 people

  2. India

    28,953 ± 4,168 people

  3. China

    22,599 ± 3,684 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 106,451 Indiana residents, followed by India with 28,953 and China with 22,599.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Jefferson County, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, IN was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    30k ± 56

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    846 ± 155

  3. Black or African American Alone

    662 ± 100

In 2017, there were 35.5 times more White Alone residents (30k people) in Jefferson County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 846 Hispanic or Latino and 662 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jefferson County, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jefferson County, IN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jefferson County, IN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    865 ± 192

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    391 ± 152

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    237 ± 108

Jefferson County, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jefferson County, IN awarded 297 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, IN is skewed towards women, with 467 male students and 623 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, IN are White (258 and 90.2%), followed by Black or African American (12 and 4.2%), Two or More Races (5 and 1.75%), and Asian (4 and 1.4%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IN by number of degrees awarded are Hanover College (297 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, IN are General Psychology (26 and 8.75%), General Economics (22 and 7.41%), and Speech Communication & Rhetoric (21 and 7.07%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, IN are $34,744 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 26 degrees awarded

  2. 22 degrees awarded

  3. 21 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County, IN was General Psychology with 26 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

297 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$34,744

Median Private

In 2016, the Jefferson County, IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Hanover College with 297 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

106

Degrees Awarded to Men

191

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 106 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, IN, which is 0.555 times less than the 191 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jefferson County, IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    258 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    12 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    5 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, IN were to White students. These 258 degrees mean that there were 21.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 12 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, IN was $120,000 in 2017, which is 0.551 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $112,700 to $120,000, a 6.48% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, IN is 71.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, IN have an average commute time of 23.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,722

Median Household Income

± $2,808

12.7k

Number of Households

± 744

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.7k households in Jefferson County, IN grew to $50,722 from the previous year's value of $47,065.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$120,000

2017 Median

± $5,911

$112,700

2016 Median

± $5,589

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, IN grew to to $120,000 from the previous year's value of $112,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.7%

2017 Homeownership

71.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.7% of the housing units in Jefferson County, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, IN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, IN have a shorter commute time (23.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.5% of the workforce in Jefferson County, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.2%

  2. Carpooled

    8.08%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.93%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, IN was Drove Alone (83.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.08%) and those who Worked At Home (3.93%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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