Coles County, IL

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Population

52,540

0.496% decline

Median Age

34.3


Median Household Income

$41,907

8.01% growth

Poverty Rate

21%


Number of Employees

24,725

0.942% decline

Median Property Value

$93,800

1.08% growth

About

In 2017, Coles County, IL had a population of 52.5k people with a median age of 34.3 and a median household income of $41,907. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Coles County, IL declined from 52,802 to 52,540, a -0.496% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,800 to $41,907, a 8.01% increase.

The population of Coles County, IL is 91% White Alone, 3.78% Black or African American Alone, and 2.41% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Coles County, IL speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Coles County, IL are Lake Land College (3,383 degrees awarded in 2016) and Eastern Illinois University (2,403 degrees).

The median property value in Coles County, IL is $93,800, and the homeownership rate is 61.9%. Most people in Coles County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Coles County, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Coles County, IL employs 24.7k people. The largest industries in Coles County, IL are Educational Services (3,929 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,879 people), and Manufacturing (3,713 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($60,875), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($45,606), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($45,341).

Median household income in Coles County, IL is $41,907. Males in Coles County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Coles County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,907

2017 value

± $1,985

8.01%

1 Year Growth

± 6.97%

Households in Coles County, IL have a median annual income of $41,907, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,800 in 2016, which represents a 8.01% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Coles County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Coles County, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9

  2. Census Tract 6

  3. Census Tract 2

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Coles County, IL was Census Tract 9 with a value of $70,658, followed by Census Tract 6 and Census Tract 2, with respective values of $65,423 and $64,984.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Coles County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Coles County, IL (10.2k out of 48.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,789 ± 688

  2. Black

    804 ± 217

  3. Two Or More

    334 ± 151

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Coles County, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

24.7k

2017 Value

± 1,081

-0.942%

1 Year decline

± 6.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Coles County, IL declined at a rate of -0.942%, from 25k employees to 24.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Coles County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,500 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,585 people), and Production Occupations (2,193 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Coles County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Coles County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,500 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,585 people), and Production Occupations (2,193 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Coles County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (2.09 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.53 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Coles County, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($73,214), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($55,938), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($54,342).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

24.7k

2017 Value

± 1,081

-0.942%

1 Year decline

± 6.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Coles County, IL declined at a rate of -0.942%, from 25k employees to 24.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Coles County, IL, are Educational Services (3,929 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,879 people), and Manufacturing (3,713 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Coles County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Coles County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Coles County, IL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (3,929 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,879 people), and Manufacturing (3,713 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Coles County, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.2 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.71 times), and Manufacturing (1.48 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Coles County, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($60,875), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($45,606), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($45,341).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92% of the population of Coles County, IL has health coverage, with 47.8% on employee plans, 19.1% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 0.891% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Coles County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Coles County, IL see 1313 patients per year on average, which represents a 16.3% decrease from the previous year (1568 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2094 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 545 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,313 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Coles County, IL see an average of 1,313 patients per year. This represents a 16.3% decrease from the previous year (1,568 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Coles County, IL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.01%

Uninsured

47.8%

Employer Coverage

19.1%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

12.6%

Non-Group

0.891%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Coles County, IL declined by 13.7% from 9.29% to 8.01%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Coles County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Coles County, IL is home to a population of 52.5k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.48% of Coles County, IL residents were born outside of the country (1.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Coles County, IL is composed of 47.8k White Alone residents (91%), 1.99k Black or African American Alone residents (3.78%), 1.27k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.41%), 695 Two or More Races residents (1.32%), 649 Asian Alone residents (1.24%), 84 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.16%), 49 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0933%), and 20 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0381%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Coles County, IL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

31

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Coles County, IL was 34.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Coles County, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Coles County, IL residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.48%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.3k people

2.33%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.23k people

As of 2017, 2.48% of Coles County, IL residents (1.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Coles County, IL was 2.33%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Coles County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Coles County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Coles County, IL was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Coles County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    47.8k ± 50

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.99k ± 152

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.27k ± 207

In 2017, there were 24.1 times more White Alone residents (47.8k people) in Coles County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.99k Black or African American Alone and 1.27k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Coles County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Coles County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Coles County, IL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Coles County, IL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,094 ± 156

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    666 ± 210

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    367 ± 126

Coles County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.64 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Coles County, IL awarded 5,786 degrees. The student population of Coles County, IL is skewed towards women, with 5,235 male students and 7,287 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Coles County, IL are White (3,750 and 66.2%), followed by Black or African American (1,303 and 23%), Hispanic or Latino (353 and 6.23%), and Unknown (122 and 2.15%).

The largest universities in Coles County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Lake Land College (3,383 and 58.5%) and Eastern Illinois University (2,403 and 41.5%).

The most popular majors in Coles County, IL are General Construction Trades (540 and 9.33%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (507 and 8.76%), and Other Housing & Human Environments (434 and 7.5%).

The median tuition costs in Coles County, IL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $8,543 and $12,815 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 539 degrees awarded

  2. 434 degrees awarded

  3. 178 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Coles County, IL was General Construction Trades with 539 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Coles County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,383 degrees awarded

  2. 2,403 degrees awarded

$8,543

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Coles County, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lake Land College with 3,383 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,718

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,068

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,718 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Coles County, IL, which is 1.8 times more than the 2,068 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Coles County, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,750 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,303 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    353 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Coles County, IL were to White students. These 3,750 degrees mean that there were 2.88 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,303 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Coles County, IL was $93,800 in 2017, which is 0.431 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $92,800 to $93,800, a 1.08% increase. The homeownership rate in Coles County, IL is 61.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Coles County, IL have an average commute time of 15.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Coles County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,907

Median Household Income

± $1,985

21k

Number of Households

± 943

In 2017, the median household income of the 21k households in Coles County, IL grew to $41,907 from the previous year's value of $38,800.

The following chart displays the households in Coles County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$93,800

2017 Median

± $4,427

$92,800

2016 Median

± $3,605

In 2017, the median property value in Coles County, IL grew to to $93,800 from the previous year's value of $92,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Coles County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Coles County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Coles County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Coles County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.9%

2017 Homeownership

61.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.9% of the housing units in Coles County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Coles County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Coles County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Coles County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

15.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Coles County, IL have a shorter commute time (15.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.834% of the workforce in Coles County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Coles County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77%

  2. Carpooled

    9.99%

  3. Walked

    5.63%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Coles County, IL was Drove Alone (77%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.99%) and those who Walked (5.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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