Arapahoe County, CO

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Population

651,215

1.27% growth

Median Age

36.9


Median Household Income

$76,768

1.87% growth

Poverty Rate

9.91%


Number of Employees

353,686

0.965% growth

Median Property Value

$392,400

7.13% growth

About

In 2018, Arapahoe County, CO had a population of 651k people with a median age of 36.9 and a median household income of $76,768. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Arapahoe County, CO grew from 643,052 to 651,215, a 1.27% increase and its median household income grew from $75,357 to $76,768, a 1.87% increase.

The population of Arapahoe County, CO is 59.6% White Alone, 19.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 10.5% Black or African American Alone. 23.1% of the people in Arapahoe County, CO speak a non-English language, and 91.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Arapahoe County, CO are Colorado State University-Global Campus (2,622 degrees awarded in 2017), Arapahoe Community College (1,378 degrees), and Community College of Aurora (909 degrees).

The median property value in Arapahoe County, CO is $392,400, and the homeownership rate is 63%. Most people in Arapahoe County, CO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Arapahoe County, CO is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Arapahoe County, CO employs 354k people. The largest industries in Arapahoe County, CO are Health Care & Social Assistance (45,706 people), Retail Trade (34,757 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (33,997 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($91,122), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,810), and Information ($66,667).

Median household income in Arapahoe County, CO is $76,768. Males in Arapahoe County, CO have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,774. The income inequality in Arapahoe County, CO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$76,768

2018 value

± $1,960

1.87%

1 Year Growth

± 3.59%

Households in Arapahoe County, CO have a median annual income of $76,768, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $75,357 in 2017, which represents a 1.87% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Arapahoe County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

$71,627

Average Male Salary

± $1,528

$54,774

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2018, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,200 ± $6,182

  2. White

    $57,410 ± $991

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $52,978 ± $31,442

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Arapahoe County, CO is from Colorado.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.24% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 67.04

  2. Census Tract 56.36

  3. Census Tract 67.05

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Arapahoe County, CO was Census Tract 67.04 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 56.36 and Census Tract 67.05, with respective values of $250,001 and $211,500.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Arapahoe County, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.91% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Arapahoe County, CO (61.5k out of 620k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    34,704 ± 1,307

  2. Hispanic

    20,398 ± 1,076

  3. Black

    9,401 ± 739

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Arapahoe County, CO is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

354k

2018 Value

± 9,786

0.965%

1 Year growth

± 3.79%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Arapahoe County, CO grew at a rate of 0.965%, from 350k employees to 354k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Arapahoe County, CO, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (47,290 people), Management Occupations (38,951 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (34,645 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Arapahoe County, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Arapahoe County, CO, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (47,290 people), Management Occupations (38,951 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (34,645 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Arapahoe County, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.74 times higher than expected), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.34 times), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Arapahoe County, CO, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($87,748), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($83,322), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($83,041).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

354k

2018 Value

± 9,786

0.965%

1 Year growth

± 3.79%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Arapahoe County, CO grew at a rate of 0.965%, from 350k employees to 354k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Arapahoe County, CO, are Health Care & Social Assistance (45,706 people), Retail Trade (34,757 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (33,997 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Arapahoe County, CO, though some of these residents may live in Arapahoe County, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Arapahoe County, CO, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (45,706 people), Retail Trade (34,757 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (33,997 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Arapahoe County, CO has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.68 times higher than expected), Information (1.62 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.45 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Arapahoe County, CO, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($91,122), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,810), and Information ($66,667).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35B

  2. $24.9B

  3. $18.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $35B, followed by Mixed freight ($24.9B) and Electronics ($18.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado state.

$229B

2020 Value

$314B

Projected 2045 Value

37.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Colorado trade was $229B. This is expected to increase 37.2% to $314B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.9B

  2. $10.6B

  3. $8.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $13.9B, followed by Nebraska with $10.6B and California and $8.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.7% of the population of Arapahoe County, CO has health coverage, with 55.1% on employee plans, 14.4% on Medicaid, 9.06% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.83% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Arapahoe County, CO was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Primary care physicians in Arapahoe County, CO see 1186 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1190 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 999 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.8%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (28.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,186 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Arapahoe County, CO see an average of 1,186 patients per year. This represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1,190 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arapahoe County, CO in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

$6,804

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,623

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,143

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,287

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.32%

Uninsured

55.1%

Employer Coverage

14.4%

Medicaid

9.06%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

1.83%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Arapahoe County, CO declined by 2.27% from 7.49% to 7.32%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Arapahoe County, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 8.8% prevalence

  2. 8.7% prevalence

  3. 8.4% prevalence

Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 8.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Arapahoe County, CO is home to a population of 651k people, from which 91.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.5% of Arapahoe County, CO residents were born outside of the country (93.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Arapahoe County, CO is composed of 388k White Alone residents (59.6%), 127k Hispanic or Latino residents (19.5%), 68.1k Black or African American Alone residents (10.5%), 38.6k Asian Alone residents (5.93%), 23.3k Two or More Races residents (3.58%), 2.74k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.421%), 1.84k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.283%), and 1.49k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.228%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Arapahoe County, CO are Spanish (76,955 speakers), Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (7,746 speakers), and Korean (5,607 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Arapahoe County, CO was 36.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Arapahoe County, CO are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Arapahoe County, CO residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

93.1k people

14.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

91.1k people

As of 2017, 14.5% of Arapahoe County, CO residents (93.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Arapahoe County, CO was 14.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Arapahoe County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    221,927 ± 11,338 people

  2. India

    25,376 ± 3,902 people

  3. China

    18,220 ± 3,309 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 221,927 Colorado residents, followed by India with 25,376 and China with 18,220.

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Citizenship

91.8%

2018 Citizenship

91.3%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 91.8% of Arapahoe County, CO residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Arapahoe County, CO was 91.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Arapahoe County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    388k ± 1.6k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    127k ± 8.93k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    68.1k ± 2.8k

In 2018, there were 3.06 times more White Alone residents (388k people) in Arapahoe County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 127k Hispanic or Latino and 68.1k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Arapahoe County, CO as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    76,955 speakers (12.6%)

  2. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages

    7,746 speakers (1.27%)

  3. Korean

    5,607 speakers (0.917%)

23.1% of Arapahoe County, CO citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Arapahoe County, CO was Spanish. 12.6% of the overall population of Arapahoe County, CO are native Spanish speakers. 1.27% speak Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages and 0.917% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    10,680 ± 1,713

  2. Vietnam

    10,614 ± 1,234

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    7,535 ± 1,344

Arapahoe County, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.01 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Arapahoe County, CO awarded 8,153 degrees. The student population of Arapahoe County, CO is skewed towards women, with 17,422 male students and 22,943 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Arapahoe County, CO are White (4,876 and 60.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,373 and 17%), Black or African American (756 and 9.35%), and Unknown (411 and 5.08%).

The largest universities in Arapahoe County, CO by number of degrees awarded are Colorado State University-Global Campus (2,622 and 32.2%), Arapahoe Community College (1,378 and 16.9%), and Community College of Aurora (909 and 11.1%).

The most popular majors in Arapahoe County, CO are Nursing Administration (721 and 8.84%), General Business Administration & Management (456 and 5.59%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (390 and 4.78%).

The median tuition costs in Arapahoe County, CO are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $8,400 and $8,400 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 267 degrees awarded

  2. 454 degrees awarded

  3. 375 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Arapahoe County, CO was Accounting with 267 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Arapahoe County, CO according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,622 degrees awarded

  2. 1,378 degrees awarded

  3. 909 degrees awarded

$8,400

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Arapahoe County, CO institution with the largest number of graduating students was Colorado State University-Global Campus with 2,622 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,986

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,167

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,986 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Arapahoe County, CO, which is 0.578 times less than the 5,167 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Arapahoe County, CO by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,876 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,373 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    756 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Arapahoe County, CO were to White students. These 4,876 degrees mean that there were 3.55 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,373 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Arapahoe County, CO was $392,400 in 2018, which is 1.71 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $366,300 to $392,400, a 7.13% increase. The homeownership rate in Arapahoe County, CO is 63%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Arapahoe County, CO have an average commute time of 26.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Arapahoe County, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$392,400

2018 Median

± $5,426

$366,300

2017 Median

± $4,967

In 2018, the median property value in Arapahoe County, CO grew to to $392,400 from the previous year's value of $366,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Arapahoe County, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Arapahoe County, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$76,768

Median Household Income

± $1,960

242k

Number of Households

± 7,269

In 2018, the median household income of the 242k households in Arapahoe County, CO grew to $76,768 from the previous year's value of $75,357.

The following chart displays the households in Arapahoe County, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Arapahoe County, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Arapahoe County, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

63%

2018 Homeownership

63.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 63% of the housing units in Arapahoe County, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Arapahoe County, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Arapahoe County, CO have a longer commute time (26.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.68% of the workforce in Arapahoe County, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Arapahoe County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.41%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.83%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Arapahoe County, CO was Drove Alone (77.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.41%) and those who Worked At Home (7.83%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Arapahoe County, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Arapahoe County, CO have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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