Santa Cruz County, CA

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Population

274,255

0.595% decline

Median Age

37.9


Median Household Income

$86,941

9.08% growth

Poverty Rate

14.7%


Number of Employees

135,393

1.64% decline

Median Property Value

$815,100

5.17% growth

About

In 2018, Santa Cruz County, CA had a population of 274k people with a median age of 37.9 and a median household income of $86,941. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Santa Cruz County, CA declined from 275,897 to 274,255, a -0.595% decrease and its median household income grew from $79,705 to $86,941, a 9.08% increase.

The population of Santa Cruz County, CA is 56.6% White Alone, 34.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.71% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Santa Cruz County, CA speak a non-English language, and 89.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Santa Cruz County, CA are University of California-Santa Cruz (4,867 degrees awarded in 2017), Cabrillo College (1,622 degrees), and Five Branches University (100 degrees).

The median property value in Santa Cruz County, CA is $815,100, and the homeownership rate is 60.1%. Most people in Santa Cruz County, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Santa Cruz County, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Santa Cruz, CA

Economy

The economy of Santa Cruz County, CA employs 135k people. The largest industries in Santa Cruz County, CA are Retail Trade (15,863 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,692 people), and Educational Services (15,141 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($120,593), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($110,750), and Information ($86,869).

Median household income in Santa Cruz County, CA is $86,941. Males in Santa Cruz County, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,298. The income inequality in Santa Cruz County, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$86,941

2018 value

± $5,013

9.08%

1 Year Growth

± 9.39%

Households in Santa Cruz County, CA have a median annual income of $86,941, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $79,705 in 2017, which represents a 9.08% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Santa Cruz County, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

$78,575

Average Male Salary

± $755

$62,298

Average Female Salary

± $633

In 2018, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $73,860 ± $1,174

  2. White

    $65,115 ± $611

  3. Two or More Races

    $54,912 ± $1,843

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Santa Cruz County, CA is from California.

0.499

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in California was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.324% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1210

  2. Census Tract 1212

  3. Census Tract 1220.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Santa Cruz County, CA was Census Tract 1210 with a value of $134,306, followed by Census Tract 1212 and Census Tract 1220.02, with respective values of $131,816 and $119,148.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Santa Cruz County, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Santa Cruz County, CA (38.6k out of 262k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    28,271 ± 1,364

  2. Hispanic

    17,415 ± 1,091

  3. Other

    5,885 ± 726

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Santa Cruz County, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

135k

2018 Value

± 6,619

-1.64%

1 Year decline

± 6.9%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Santa Cruz County, CA declined at a rate of -1.64%, from 138k employees to 135k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Santa Cruz County, CA, are Management Occupations (17,142 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,073 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,652 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Santa Cruz County, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Santa Cruz County, CA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (17,142 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,073 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,652 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Santa Cruz County, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (5.69 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.42 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Santa Cruz County, CA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($101,106), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($100,420), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($96,468).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

135k

2018 Value

± 6,619

-1.64%

1 Year decline

± 6.9%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Santa Cruz County, CA declined at a rate of -1.64%, from 138k employees to 135k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Santa Cruz County, CA, are Retail Trade (15,863 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,692 people), and Educational Services (15,141 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Santa Cruz County, CA, though some of these residents may live in Santa Cruz County, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Santa Cruz County, CA, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (15,863 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,692 people), and Educational Services (15,141 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Santa Cruz County, CA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.61 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.47 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.45 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Santa Cruz County, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($120,593), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($110,750), and Information ($86,869).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $232B

  2. $172B

  3. $136B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $232B, followed by Mixed freight ($172B) and Gasoline ($136B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.7T

2020 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

46.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $1.7T. This is expected to increase 46.3% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $71.8B

  2. $46.9B

  3. $34B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $71.8B, followed by Arizona with $46.9B and Washington and $34B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.5% of the population of Santa Cruz County, CA has health coverage, with 47.6% on employee plans, 18.5% on Medicaid, 11.4% on Medicare, 16.2% on non-group plans, and 0.775% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Santa Cruz County, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Santa Cruz County, CA see 1027 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.68% increase from the previous year (1010 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1260 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 150 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,027 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Santa Cruz County, CA see an average of 1,027 patients per year. This represents a 1.68% increase from the previous year (1,010 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Santa Cruz County, CA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.54%

Uninsured

47.6%

Employer Coverage

18.5%

Medicaid

11.4%

Medicare

16.2%

Non-Group

0.775%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Santa Cruz County, CA grew by 21.8% from 4.55% to 5.54%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Santa Cruz County, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Santa Cruz County, CA is home to a population of 274k people, from which 89.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 17.9% of Santa Cruz County, CA residents were born outside of the country (49.5k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Santa Cruz County, CA is composed of 155k White Alone residents (56.6%), 93.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (34.1%), 12.9k Asian Alone residents (4.71%), 8.71k Two or More Races residents (3.17%), 2.72k Black or African American Alone residents (0.992%), 618 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.225%), 436 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.159%), and 119 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0434%).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Santa Cruz County, CA was 37.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Santa Cruz County, CA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Santa Cruz County, CA residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

17.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

49.5k people

17.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

48.9k people

As of 2017, 17.9% of Santa Cruz County, CA residents (49.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Santa Cruz County, CA was 17.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Santa Cruz County, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,032,642 ± 46,722 people

  2. Philippines

    840,765 ± 22,271 people

  3. China

    696,409 ± 20,307 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,032,642 California residents, followed by Philippines with 840,765 and China with 696,409.

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Citizenship

89.7%

2018 Citizenship

88.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 89.7% of Santa Cruz County, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Santa Cruz County, CA was 88.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Santa Cruz County, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    155k ± 381

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    93.4k ± 10.4k

  3. Asian Alone

    12.9k ± 1.28k

In 2018, there were 1.66 times more White Alone residents (155k people) in Santa Cruz County, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 93.4k Hispanic or Latino and 12.9k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Santa Cruz County, CA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Santa Cruz County, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Santa Cruz County, CA awarded 6,701 degrees. The student population of Santa Cruz County, CA is skewed towards women, with 15,428 male students and 16,282 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Santa Cruz County, CA are White (2,513 and 39%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,298 and 35.7%), Asian (972 and 15.1%), and Two or More Races (361 and 5.61%).

The largest universities in Santa Cruz County, CA by number of degrees awarded are University of California-Santa Cruz (4,867 and 72.6%), Cabrillo College (1,622 and 24.2%), and Five Branches University (100 and 1.49%).

The most popular majors in Santa Cruz County, CA are General Psychology (523 and 7.8%), Computer Science (397 and 5.92%), and Humanistic Studies (367 and 5.48%).

The median tuition costs in Santa Cruz County, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $11,502 and $39,516 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 452 degrees awarded

  2. 332 degrees awarded

  3. 267 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Santa Cruz County, CA was General Psychology with 452 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Santa Cruz County, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,867 degrees awarded

  2. 1,622 degrees awarded

  3. 100 degrees awarded

$11,502

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Santa Cruz County, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of California-Santa Cruz with 4,867 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,848

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,853

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,848 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Santa Cruz County, CA, which is 0.739 times less than the 3,853 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Santa Cruz County, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,513 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,298 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    972 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Santa Cruz County, CA were to White students. These 2,513 degrees mean that there were 1.09 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,298 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Santa Cruz County, CA was $815,100 in 2018, which is 3.55 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $775,000 to $815,100, a 5.17% increase. The homeownership rate in Santa Cruz County, CA is 60.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Santa Cruz County, CA have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Santa Cruz County, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$815,100

2018 Median

± $22,034

$775,000

2017 Median

± $23,232

In 2018, the median property value in Santa Cruz County, CA grew to to $815,100 from the previous year's value of $775,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Santa Cruz County, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Santa Cruz County, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $750k - $1000k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$86,941

Median Household Income

± $5,013

95k

Number of Households

± 5,115

In 2018, the median household income of the 95k households in Santa Cruz County, CA grew to $86,941 from the previous year's value of $79,705.

The following chart displays the households in Santa Cruz County, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Santa Cruz County, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Santa Cruz County, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

60.1%

2018 Homeownership

62.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 60.1% of the housing units in Santa Cruz County, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 62.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Santa Cruz County, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Santa Cruz County, CA have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3% of the workforce in Santa Cruz County, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Santa Cruz County, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    69%

  2. Carpooled

    9.64%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.68%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Santa Cruz County, CA was Drove Alone (69%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.64%) and those who Worked At Home (7.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Santa Cruz County, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Santa Cruz County, CA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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