Dale County, AL

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Population

49,393

0.431% decline

Median Age

37.1


Median Household Income

$44,711

1.4% growth

Poverty Rate

19.6%


Number of Employees

17,988

2.74% decline

Median Property Value

$108,000

4.05% growth

About

In 2017, Dale County, AL had a population of 49.4k people with a median age of 37.1 and a median household income of $44,711. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dale County, AL declined from 49,607 to 49,393, a -0.431% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,093 to $44,711, a 1.4% increase.

The population of Dale County, AL is 69.5% White Alone, 19.2% Black or African American Alone, and 6.06% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Dale County, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dale County, AL are George C Wallace Community College-Dothan (974 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Dale County, AL is $108,000, and the homeownership rate is 59.7%. Most people in Dale County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Dale County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Dale County, AL employs 18k people. The largest industries in Dale County, AL are Retail Trade (2,858 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,141 people), and Manufacturing (2,038 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($61,453), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,667), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,647).

Median household income in Dale County, AL is $44,711. Males in Dale County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Dale County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,711

2017 value

± $2,010

1.4%

1 Year Growth

± 6.07%

Households in Dale County, AL have a median annual income of $44,711, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,093 in 2016, which represents a 1.4% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dale County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dale County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 200

  2. Census Tract 202

  3. Census Tract 211.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dale County, AL was Census Tract 200 with a value of $65,307, followed by Census Tract 202 and Census Tract 211.01, with respective values of $55,846 and $55,445.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Dale County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dale County, AL (9.44k out of 48.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,474 ± 494

  2. Black

    3,294 ± 379

  3. Hispanic

    564 ± 223

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dale County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

18k

2017 Value

± 866

-2.74%

1 Year decline

± 6.76%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dale County, AL declined at a rate of -2.74%, from 18.5k employees to 18k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dale County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,597 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,189 people), and Management Occupations (1,526 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dale County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dale County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,597 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,189 people), and Management Occupations (1,526 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dale County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.68 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.6 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.53 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dale County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($67,339), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,125), and Legal Occupations ($59,643).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

18k

2017 Value

± 866

-2.74%

1 Year decline

± 6.76%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dale County, AL declined at a rate of -2.74%, from 18.5k employees to 18k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dale County, AL, are Retail Trade (2,858 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,141 people), and Manufacturing (2,038 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dale County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Dale County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dale County, AL, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (2,858 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,141 people), and Manufacturing (2,038 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dale County, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.49 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.98 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.89 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dale County, AL, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($61,453), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,667), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,647).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.7% of the population of Dale County, AL has health coverage, with 29.8% on employee plans, 18% on Medicaid, 9.14% on Medicare, 18.8% on non-group plans, and 11.9% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Dale County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Dale County, AL see 4506 patients per year on average, which represents a 9.26% increase from the previous year (4124 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2896 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1262 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,506 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dale County, AL see an average of 4,506 patients per year. This represents a 9.26% increase from the previous year (4,124 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dale County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.3%

Uninsured

29.8%

Employer Coverage

18%

Medicaid

9.14%

Medicare

18.8%

Non-Group

11.9%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dale County, AL declined by 5.55% from 13.1% to 12.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dale County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dale County, AL is home to a population of 49.4k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.86% of Dale County, AL residents were born outside of the country (1.41k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dale County, AL is composed of 34.3k White Alone residents (69.5%), 9.49k Black or African American Alone residents (19.2%), 2.99k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.06%), 1.72k Two or More Races residents (3.48%), 448 Asian Alone residents (0.907%), 241 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.488%), 189 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.383%), and 9 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0182%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dale County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dale County, AL was 37.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Dale County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Dale County, AL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.86%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.41k people

2.75%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.36k people

As of 2017, 2.86% of Dale County, AL residents (1.41k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dale County, AL was 2.75%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dale County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

98.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.5% of Dale County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dale County, AL was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dale County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    34.3k ± 178

  2. Black or African American Alone

    9.49k ± 207

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.99k ± 574

In 2017, there were 3.62 times more White Alone residents (34.3k people) in Dale County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.49k Black or African American Alone and 2.99k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dale County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Dale County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Dale County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Dale County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,912 ± 192

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,812 ± 297

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,298 ± 199

Dale County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.06 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dale County, AL awarded 974 degrees. The student population of Dale County, AL is skewed towards women, with 1,548 male students and 2,995 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dale County, AL are White (679 and 69.7%), followed by Black or African American (247 and 25.4%), Hispanic or Latino (24 and 2.46%), and Asian (10 and 1.03%).

The largest universities in Dale County, AL by number of degrees awarded are George C Wallace Community College-Dothan (974 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Dale County, AL are General Studies (189 and 19.4%), Registered Nursing (115 and 11.8%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (95 and 9.75%).

The median tuition costs in Dale County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 189 degrees awarded

  2. 115 degrees awarded

  3. 43 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Dale County, AL was General Studies with 189 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Dale County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

974 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Dale County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was George C Wallace Community College-Dothan with 974 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

406

Degrees Awarded to Men

568

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 406 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dale County, AL, which is 0.715 times less than the 568 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Dale County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    679 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    247 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    24 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dale County, AL were to White students. These 679 degrees mean that there were 2.75 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 247 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dale County, AL was $108,000 in 2017, which is 0.496 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $103,800 to $108,000, a 4.05% increase. The homeownership rate in Dale County, AL is 59.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dale County, AL have an average commute time of 20.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dale County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,711

Median Household Income

± $2,010

18.8k

Number of Households

± 838

In 2017, the median household income of the 18.8k households in Dale County, AL grew to $44,711 from the previous year's value of $44,093.

The following chart displays the households in Dale County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$108,000

2017 Median

± $5,297

$103,800

2016 Median

± $4,689

In 2017, the median property value in Dale County, AL grew to to $108,000 from the previous year's value of $103,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dale County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dale County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dale County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dale County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

59.7%

2017 Homeownership

60.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 59.7% of the housing units in Dale County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 60.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dale County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dale County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dale County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dale County, AL have a shorter commute time (20.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.33% of the workforce in Dale County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dale County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.1%

  2. Carpooled

    6.74%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.16%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dale County, AL was Drove Alone (87.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.74%) and those who Worked At Home (2.16%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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