Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations

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Total Workforce

8.91M

Average Age

32.9

Estimated Job Growth

9.33%

10-year projection

Average Salary

$18,344

Average Male Salary

$20,679

Average Female Salary

$16,323

About

Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are most often employed by the Restaurants & Food Services industry. The average yearly wage for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations was $18,344 in 2016. The top 3 most similar occupations to Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations by wage are Personal Care & Service Occupations, Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations, and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations.

Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are part of the Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, along with Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations

The top 3 locations that employ the most Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Maui, Kalawao & Kauai Counties PUMA, HI, Spring Valley & Summerlin South PUMA, NV, and Paradise (Northwest) & Winchester PUMA, NV. The top 3 locations with a relatively high concentration of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Paradise (Northwest) & Winchester PUMA, NV, Maui, Kalawao & Kauai Counties PUMA, HI, and LA City (Central/Koreatown) PUMA, CA.

Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations and on wages and locations for those in the field. Restaurants & Food Services is the industry that employs the most Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, both by share and by number, though the highest paid industry for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, by average wage, is Management of companies & enterprises. Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are paid most in Malden & Medford Cities PUMA, MA but are relatively concentrated in Paradise (Northwest) & Winchester PUMA, NV.

Wages

Yearly Wage

$18,344

AVERAGE SALARY

± $165

In 2017, Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations earned an average of $18,344, $33,721 less than than the average national salary of $52,065.

Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are the lowest paid occupation in the US followed by Personal Care & Service Occupations. This chart shows the various occupations closest to Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations as measured by average annual salary in the US.

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Wage Distribution

0.421

WAGE GINI

In 2017, Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations had a wage GINI coefficient of 0.421, which is lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (shown in red) than for the overall labor force (shown in gray).

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Wage by Location

This map shows the Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States shaded by average annual wage for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Spatial Concentration

PUMAs with a Relatively High Concentration of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations

This map displays which Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States have a relatively high population of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Industries

Most Common

The most common industries employing Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services, Elementary & secondary schools, and Grocery Stores.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, by average wage, are Management of companies & enterprises, Rail transportation, and Not specified retail trade.

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Industries by Share

8.91M

2017 Workforce

± 71,042

-0.141%

1 YEAR GROWTH

± 1.13%

The number of people employed as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations has been declining at a rate of -0.141%, from 8,923,037 people in 2016 to 8,910,412 people in 2017.

This graphic shows the share of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations employed by various industries. Restaurants & Food Services employs the largest share of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations at  75.8%, followed by Elementary & secondary schools with 3.58% and Grocery Stores with 3.14%.

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Diversity

Demographic information on Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations in the US. The average age of male Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations in the workforce is 31.7 and of female Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is 33.9, and the most common race/ethnicity for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is White.

Gender Composition

4.13M

MALE WORKFORCE

± 49,213

4.78M

FEMALE WORKFORCE

± 52,784

53.6% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Female, making them the more common gender in the occupation. This chart shows the gender breakdown of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations

  1. White

  2. Black

  3. Other

67.5% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are White, making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 12.9% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, Black is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. This chart shows the racial and ethnic breakdown of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Age by Gender

31.7

AVERAGE MALE AGE

± 0.16

33.9

AVERAGE FEMALE AGE

± 0.168

The median age of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is 32.9, and Male employees are generally 2.25 years younger than than their Female counterparts.

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Education

Data on higher education choices for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations from The Department of Education and Census Bureau. The most common major for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is Business but a relatively high number of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations hold a major in Personal & Culinary Services.

Majors

ACS PUMS data only shows the major for bachelor's degrees. However, we can filter the data based on highest degree obtained.

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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations need many skills, but most especially Monitoring, Coordination, and Speaking. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations need more than the average amount of Service Orientation, Management of Material Resources, and Management of Financial Resources.

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Growth Projections

Projections on wages and job growth for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The ten-year national workforce is projected to grow 7.4%, but Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are expected to see a growth of 9.33% over the same period. This occupation is expected to grow higher than the national average.

Job Growth

9.33%

ESTIMATED GROWTH

7.4%

NATIONAL AVERAGE

This line chart shows the 10-year projected employment growth (from 2016 to 2026) for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations. This profession is expected to grow faster than 7.4%, the average rate of national job growth.

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