Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
190,124
0.377% 1-year decline
US Senator
Sherrod Brown
Democratic Party
US Senator
Rob Portman
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
42.4
0.469% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
19.1%
0.58% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$43,801
2.67% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$96,100
1.16% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
82,159
0.145% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH had a population of 190k people with a median age of 42.4 and a median household income of $43,801. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH declined from 190,844 to 190,124, a −0.377% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,662 to $43,801, a 2.67% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are White (Non-Hispanic) (71.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (17.6%), White (Hispanic) (4.34%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.67%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.05%). 6.72% of the households in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 99.1% of the residents in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are Youngstown State University (2,349 degrees awarded in 2019), Mahoning County Career and Technical Center (102 degrees), and Casal Aveda Institute (98 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was $96,100, and the homeownership rate was 66.4%. Most people in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Ohio, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Ohio. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Ohio.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Ohio across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH is home to a population of 190k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2019, 4.02% of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH residents were born outside of the country (7.65k people).

In 2019, there were 4.06 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (136k people) in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 8.25k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are Spanish (6,935 speakers), Arabic (888 speakers), and Greek (725 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    136k ± 395
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    33.5k ± 542
  3. White (Hispanic)
    8.25k ± 634
7.06%
Hispanic Population
13.4k people

In 2019, there were 4.06 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (136k people) in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 8.25k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.06% of the people in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are hispanic (13.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    6,935 speakers (3.86%)
  2. Arabic
    888 speakers (0.494%)
  3. Greek
    725 speakers (0.403%)

6.72% of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was Spanish. 3.86% of the overall population of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are native Spanish speakers. 0.494% speak Arabic and 0.403% speak Greek, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.02%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
7.65k people
2.58%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
4.92k people

As of 2019, 4.02% of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH residents (7.65k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was 2.58%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
50
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.4

In 2019, the median age of all people in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was 42.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    463 ± 528 people
  2. Saudi Arabia
    406 ± 494 people
  3. Mexico
    295 ± 421 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was India, the natal country of 463 Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH residents, followed by Saudi Arabia with 406 and Mexico with 295.

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Citizenship

99.1%
2019 Citizenship
99%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.1% of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,141 ± 347
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,348 ± 233
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,278 ± 219

Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH is $43,801. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was Loveland, Montgomery Cities & Forestville PUMA, OH with a value of $115,160, followed by Delaware County PUMA, OH and Monroe City & Beckett Ridge PUMA, OH, with respective values of $107,854 and $99,963.

Males in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,773. The income inequality in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH employs 82.2k people. The largest industries in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are Restaurants & Food Services (6,377 people), Elementary & secondary schools (5,909 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,473 people), and the highest paying industries are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($113,488), Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($108,309), and Air transportation ($107,941).

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,801
2019 value
± $1,035
2.67%
1 Year Growth
± 3.26%

Households in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH have a median annual income of $43,801, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,662 in 2018, which represents a 2.67% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$58,349
Average Male Salary in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH
± $7,523
$41,773
Average Female Salary in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH
± $4,782

In 2019, full-time male employees in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH
  1. Asian
    $67,074 ± $73,128
  2. White
    $44,328 ± $4,585
  3. Other
    $34,656 ± $48,251

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.51 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.454
2019 Wage GINI in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH
0.451
2018 Wage GINI in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH

In 2019, the income inequality in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.721% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was Loveland, Montgomery Cities & Forestville PUMA, OH with a value of $115,160, followed by Delaware County PUMA, OH and Monroe City & Beckett Ridge PUMA, OH, with respective values of $107,854 and $99,963.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH (35.2k out of 185k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    18,789 ± 876
  2. Black
    12,888 ± 645
  3. Hispanic
    4,709 ± 411

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

82.2k
2019 Value
0.145%
1 Year growth
± 0.145%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH grew at a rate of 0.145%, from 82k employees to 82.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,335 people), Cashiers (2,288 people), and Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (2,207 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,335 people), Cashiers (2,288 people), and Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (2,207 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Telemarketers (9.28 times higher than expected), Millwrights (5.69 times), and Dietetic technicians and ophthalmic medical technicians (5.21 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH, by average salary, are Physicians ($160,435), Chief executives & legislators ($156,387), and Personal financial advisors ($136,001).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

82.2k
2019 Value
0.145%
1 Year growth
± 0.145%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH grew at a rate of 0.145%, from 82k employees to 82.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH, are Restaurants & Food Services (6,377 people), Elementary & secondary schools (5,909 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,473 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH, though some of these residents may live in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (6,377 people), Elementary & secondary schools (5,909 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,473 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH has an unusually high number of Aluminum production & processing (24.3 times higher than expected), Iron & steel mills & steel product manufacturing (7.26 times), and Textile product mills, except carpets & rugs (6.14 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH, by average salary, are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($113,488), Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($108,309), and Air transportation ($107,941).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $79.7B
  2. $71B
  3. $49.9B

In 2018, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $79.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($71B) and Machinery ($49.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio.
$678B
2018 Value in Ohio
$1.22T
Projected 2045 Value in Ohio
80.7% growth

In 2018, total outbound Ohio trade was $678B. This is expected to increase 80.7% to $1.22T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $63.5B
  2. $35.9B
  3. $32.6B

In 2018, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $63.5B, followed by Indiana with $35.9B and Pennsylvania and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Ohio went to Donald J. Trump with 51.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (43.6%), followed by Other (3.91%). The most partisan county was Mercer County, OH with 80.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio is currently represented by 16 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Ohio.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Ohio
51.7% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Ohio
  1. 80.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 79.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 79% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Ohio was Mercer County, OH with 80.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Ohio colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Ohio

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Rob Portman
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman are the senators currently representing Ohio.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio

Ohio is currently represented by 16 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH awarded 2,669 degrees. The student population of Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH is skewed towards women, with 5,498 male students and 6,987 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are White (2,070 and 80.6%), followed by Black or African American (213 and 8.29%), Unknown (93 and 3.62%), and Hispanic or Latino (90 and 3.5%).

The largest universities in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH by number of degrees awarded are Youngstown State University (2,349 and 88%), Mahoning County Career and Technical Center (102 and 3.82%), and Casal Aveda Institute (98 and 3.67%).

The most popular majors in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are Social Work (141 and 5.28%), Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (120 and 4.5%), and Registered Nursing (115 and 4.31%).

The median tuition costs in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $8,705 and $9,065 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 115 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 107 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 93 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was Registered Nursing with 115 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,349 degrees awarded
  2. 102 degrees awarded
  3. 98 degrees awarded
$8,705
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2019, the Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Youngstown State University with 2,349 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,171
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,498
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 1,171 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH, which is 0.782 times less than the 1,498 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    2,070 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    213 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    93 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Mahoning County (Northeast)--Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was White students. These 2,070 degrees mean that there were 9.72 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 213 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH was $96,100 in 2019, which is 0.4 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $95,000 to $96,100, a 1.16% increase. The homeownership rate in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH is 66.4%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$96,100
2019 Median
± $2,184
$95,000
2018 Median
± $1,904

In 2019, the median property value in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH grew to to $96,100 from the previous year's value of $95,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$43,801
Median Household Income
± $1,035
81.7k
Number of Households
± 1,759

In 2019, the median household income of the 81.7k households in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH grew to $43,801 from the previous year's value of $42,662.

The following chart displays the households in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.4%
2019 Homeownership
66.7%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 66.4% of the housing units in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.86% of the workforce in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (84.3%)
  2. Carpooled (7.44%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.68%)

In 2019, 84.3% of workers in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.44%) and those who worked at home (3.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

95.2% of the population of Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH has health coverage, with 41.9% on employee plans, 25.6% on Medicaid, 15.2% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 1.53% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Ohio was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Ohio see 1303 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1558 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 383 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Lawrence County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.1%). Additionally, Jackson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
1,303 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Ohio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,303 patients per year. This represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1,312 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
$8,712
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Ohio
$4,371
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,007
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,038
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.84%
Uninsured
41.9%
Employer Coverage
25.6%
Medicaid
15.2%
Medicare
11%
Non-Group
1.53%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH declined by 10.2% from 5.39% to 4.84%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Youngstown City, Boardman & Austintown PUMA, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 19.1% prevalence
  2. 18.9% prevalence
  3. 18.7% prevalence

Lawrence County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 19.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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