York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA

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Population

167,077

0.261% growth

Poverty Rate

15.5%


Median Age

38.4


Median Household Income

$52,395

2.95% growth

Number of Employees

75,002

0.919% growth

Median Property Value

$153,400

0.26% decline

About

In 2017, York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA had a population of 167k people with a median age of 38.4 and a median household income of $52,395. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA grew from 166,642 to 167,077, a 0.261% increase and its median household income grew from $50,893 to $52,395, a 2.95% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (71.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.2%), White (Hispanic) (8.88%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.82%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.2%). 12.9% of the people in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are York College of Pennsylvania (1,014 degrees awarded in 2017), YTI Career Institute-York (686 degrees), and York County School of Technology-Adult & Continuing Education (214 degrees).

The median property value in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA is $153,400, and the homeownership rate is 64.1%. Most people in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA is 2 cars per household.

York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA borders York County (South) PUMA, PA and Weigelstown PUMA, PA.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Pennsylvania, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Pennsylvania across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA employs 75k people. The largest industries in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are Restaurants & Food Services (5,467 people), Hospitals (4,846 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,716 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($121,366), Offices of dentists ($105,119), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($90,360).

Median household income in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA is $52,395. Males in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,534. The income inequality in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.455, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,395

2017 value

± $1,121

2.95%

1 Year Growth

± 3.01%

Households in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $52,395, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,893 in 2016, which represents a 2.95% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$60,333

Average Male Salary

± $8,370

$45,534

Average Female Salary

± $6,124

In 2017, full-time male employees in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,773 ± $50,207

  2. White

    $47,032 ± $5,145

  3. Black

    $35,296 ± $9,552

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.455

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was 0.455 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.46% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $108,761, followed by King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA and Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,430 and $103,452.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA (24.6k out of 159k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,911 ± 938

  2. Hispanic

    6,944 ± 583

  3. Black

    4,931 ± 497

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

75k

2017 Value

0.919%

1 Year growth

± 0.919%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 0.919%, from 74.3k employees to 75k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,285 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,094 people), and Cashiers (1,883 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,285 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,094 people), and Cashiers (1,883 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Paper goods machine setters, operators, & tenders (9.24 times higher than expected), Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, & blending workers (7.67 times), and Telecommunications line installers & repairers (4.26 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($156,907), Chief executives & legislators ($152,816), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($130,990).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

75k

2017 Value

0.919%

1 Year growth

± 0.919%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 0.919%, from 74.3k employees to 75k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA, are Restaurants & Food Services (5,467 people), Hospitals (4,846 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,716 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (5,467 people), Hospitals (4,846 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,716 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Other transportation equipment manufacturing (28.6 times higher than expected), Clay building material & refractories manufacturing (16.7 times), and Engine, turbine, & power transmission equipment manufacturing (7.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($121,366), Offices of dentists ($105,119), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($90,360).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.7% of the population of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA has health coverage, with 50.3% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 0.863% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.27%

Uninsured

50.3%

Employer Coverage

17.7%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

0.863%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 8.27%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA is home to a population of 167k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2016, 5.59% of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (9.32k people).

In 2017, there were 7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (119k people) in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 17.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 14.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are Spanish (14,334 speakers), French (Incl. Cajun) (798 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (568 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2

In 2017, the median age of all people in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was 38.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.59%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

9.32k people

5.42%

2015 Foreign-Born Population

9.02k people

As of 2016, 5.59% of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA residents (9.32k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2015, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was 5.42%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    1,487 ± 943 people

  2. Mexico

    1,176 ± 839 people

  3. Vietnam

    535 ± 567 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 1,487 York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA residents, followed by Mexico with 1,176 and Vietnam with 535.

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Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

97.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97% of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    119k ± 1.07k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    17.1k ± 964

  3. White (Hispanic)

    14.8k ± 1.23k

In 2017, there were 7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (119k people) in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 17.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 14.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    14,334 speakers (9.12%)

  2. French (Incl. Cajun)

    798 speakers (0.508%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    568 speakers (0.361%)

12.9% of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was Spanish. 9.12% of the overall population of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are native Spanish speakers. 0.508% speak French (Incl. Cajun) and 0.361% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,258 ± 348

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,588 ± 263

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,330 ± 251

York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA awarded 2,193 degrees. The student population of York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA is skewed towards women, with 3,082 male students and 3,783 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are White (1,692 and 77.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (206 and 9.41%), Black or African American (152 and 6.94%), and Two or More Races (69 and 3.15%).

The largest universities in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are York College of Pennsylvania (1,014 and 46.2%), YTI Career Institute-York (686 and 31.3%), and York County School of Technology-Adult & Continuing Education (214 and 9.76%).

The most popular majors in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are Dental Assisting (129 and 5.88%), Other Practical Nursing, Vocational Nursing, & Nursing Assistants (118 and 5.38%), and Registered Nursing (99 and 4.51%).

The median tuition costs in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA are $17,560 for private four year colleges, and $13,484 and $21,402 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was Registered Nursing with 99 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,014 degrees awarded

  2. 686 degrees awarded

  3. 214 degrees awarded

$13,484

Median In-State Public

$17,560

Median Private

In 2017, the York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was York College of Pennsylvania with 1,014 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

902

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,291

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 902 men were awarded degrees from institutions in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA, which is 0.699 times less than the 1,291 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,692 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    206 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    152 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA were to White students. These 1,692 degrees mean that there were 8.21 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 206 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was $153,400 in 2017, which is 0.668 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $153,800 to $153,400, a 0.26% decrease. The homeownership rate in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA is 64.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$153,400

2017 Median

± $2,423

$153,800

2016 Median

± $2,341

In 2017, the median property value in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA declined from to $153,400 from the previous year's value of $153,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,395

Median Household Income

± $1,121

63.9k

Number of Households

± 1,650

In 2017, the median household income of the 63.9k households in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA grew to $52,395 from the previous year's value of $50,893.

The following chart displays the households in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.1%

2017 Homeownership

64.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.1% of the housing units in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.61% of the workforce in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.21%

  3. Walked

    3.24%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA was Drove Alone (81.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.21%) and those who Walked (3.24%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in York City & Shiloh PUMA, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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