Worcester, MA-CT

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Population

942,475

0.715% growth

Median Age

40.5


Median Household Income

$69,412

2.43% growth

Poverty Rate

11.1%


Number of Employees

473,591

1.6% decline

Median Property Value

$269,600

4.25% growth

About

In 2017, Worcester, MA-CT had a population of 942k people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $69,412. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Worcester, MA-CT grew from 935,781 to 942,475, a 0.715% increase and its median household income grew from $67,763 to $69,412, a 2.43% increase.

The population of Worcester, MA-CT is 77.4% White Alone, 11.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.46% Asian Alone. 16.6% of the people in Worcester, MA-CT speak a non-English language, and 94.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Worcester, MA-CT are Worcester Polytechnic Institute (1,727 degrees awarded in 2016), Worcester State University (1,523 degrees), and Quinsigamond Community College (1,420 degrees).

The median property value in Worcester, MA-CT is $269,600, and the homeownership rate is 64.2%. Most people in Worcester, MA-CT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27 minutes. The average car ownership in Worcester, MA-CT is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Union Station

Economy

The economy of Worcester, MA-CT employs 474k people. The largest industries in Worcester, MA-CT are Health Care & Social Assistance (80,762 people), Manufacturing (58,383 people), and Retail Trade (53,597 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($110,345), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($73,203), and Utilities ($70,742).

Median household income in Worcester, MA-CT is $69,412. Males in Worcester, MA-CT have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,619. The income inequality in Worcester, MA-CT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.484, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$69,412

2017 value

± $2,546

2.43%

1 Year Growth

± 4.61%

Households in Worcester, MA-CT have a median annual income of $69,412, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $67,763 in 2016, which represents a 2.43% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Worcester, MA-CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

$86,839

Average Male Salary

± $1,813

$65,619

Average Female Salary

± $1,325

In 2017, full-time male employees in Worcester, MA-CT made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Worcester, MA-CT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $74,395 ± $4,445

  2. White

    $67,530 ± $1,140

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $50,403 ± $38,348

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Worcester, MA-CT workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Worcester, MA-CT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Worcester, MA-CT is from Massachusetts.

0.484

2017 Wage GINI

0.48

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.484 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.775% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Worcester, MA-CT was Norfolk County, MA with a value of $100,829, followed by Middlesex County, MA and Plymouth County, MA, with respective values of $98,555 and $86,910.

The following map shows all of the counties in Worcester, MA-CT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Worcester, MA-CT (100k out of 902k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    74,580 ± 2,033

  2. Hispanic

    29,392 ± 1,186

  3. Other

    7,608 ± 673

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Worcester, MA-CT is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

474k

2017 Value

± 11,439

-1.6%

1 Year decline

± 3.46%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Worcester, MA-CT declined at a rate of -1.6%, from 481k employees to 474k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Worcester, MA-CT, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (31,483 people), Registered Nurses (13,243 people), and Secretaries & Administrative Assistants (11,928 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Worcester, MA-CT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Worcester, MA-CT, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (31,483 people), Registered Nurses (13,243 people), and Secretaries & Administrative Assistants (11,928 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Worcester, MA-CT has an unusually high number of residents working as Preschool & Kinder (2.81 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Fire Fighting & Prevention Workers (2.15 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention Workers (1.66 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Worcester, MA-CT, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($91,166), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($86,384), and Management Occupations ($81,362).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

474k

2017 Value

± 11,439

-1.6%

1 Year decline

± 3.46%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Worcester, MA-CT declined at a rate of -1.6%, from 481k employees to 474k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Worcester, MA-CT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (80,762 people), Manufacturing (58,383 people), and Retail Trade (53,597 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Worcester, MA-CT, though some of these residents may live in Worcester, MA-CT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Worcester, MA-CT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (80,762 people), Manufacturing (58,383 people), and Retail Trade (53,597 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Worcester, MA-CT has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.27 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.22 times), and Educational Services (1.17 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Worcester, MA-CT, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($110,345), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($73,203), and Utilities ($70,742).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $31.5B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $24.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $31.5B, followed by Mixed freight with $27.2B and Electronics and $24.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Massachusetts products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Massachusetts state.

$240B

2015 Value

$364B

Projected 2045 Value

51.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Massachusetts trade was $240B. This is expected to increase 51.4% to $364B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Massachusetts trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.2B

  2. $13.2B

  3. $12.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Hampshire with $13.2B, followed by New York with $13.2B and Connecticut and $12.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Massachusetts shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

97.1% of the population of Worcester, MA-CT has health coverage, with 53.3% on employee plans, 20.3% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 1.01% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Worcester, MA-CT was $10,559 in 2014. This is a 2.78% increase from the previous year ($10,273).

Primary care physicians in Worcester, MA-CT see 954 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.421% increase from the previous year (950 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1010 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.4%). Additionally, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

954 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see an average of 954 patients per year. This represents a 0.421% increase from the previous year (950 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Massachusetts in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

$10,559

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,302

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,922

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,899

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Massachusetts (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.78%, from $10,273 to $10,559.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

2.92%

Uninsured

53.3%

Employer Coverage

20.3%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

11.8%

Non-Group

1.01%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Worcester, MA-CT grew by 14.6% from 2.55% to 2.92%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Worcester, MA-CT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.4% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 10.8% prevalence

Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts, at 11.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Worcester, MA-CT is home to a population of 942k people, from which 94.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.9% of Worcester, MA-CT residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Worcester, MA-CT is composed of 729k White Alone residents (77.4%), 108k Hispanic or Latino residents (11.5%), 42.1k Asian Alone residents (4.46%), 38.1k Black or African American Alone residents (4.04%), 19.9k Two or More Races residents (2.12%), 3.11k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.329%), 1.8k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.191%), and 129 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0137%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Worcester, MA-CT are Spanish or Spanish Creole (66,176 speakers), Portuguese or Portuguese Creole (13,356 speakers), and Vietnamese (8,197 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Worcester, MA-CT was 40.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Worcester, MA-CT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Worcester, MA-CT residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

10.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 10.9% of Worcester, MA-CT residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Worcester, MA-CT was 10.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Worcester, MA-CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    92,810 ± 7,429 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    90,391 ± 7,333 people

  3. Brazil

    80,753 ± 6,936 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Worcester, MA-CT was China, the natal country of 92,810 Worcester, MA-CT residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 90,391 and Brazil with 80,753.

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Citizenship

94.7%

2017 Citizenship

95.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.7% of Worcester, MA-CT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Worcester, MA-CT was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Worcester, MA-CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    729k ± 1.02k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    108k ± 8.37k

  3. Asian Alone

    42.1k ± 1.83k

In 2017, there were 6.73 times more White Alone residents (729k people) in Worcester, MA-CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 108k Hispanic or Latino and 42.1k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Worcester, MA-CT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    66,176 speakers (7.48%)

  2. Portuguese or Portuguese Creole

    13,356 speakers (1.51%)

  3. Vietnamese

    8,197 speakers (0.927%)

16.6% of Worcester, MA-CT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Worcester, MA-CT was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 7.48% of the overall population of Worcester, MA-CT are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.51% speak Portuguese or Portuguese Creole and 0.927% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    16,517 ± 1,491

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    7,314 ± 1,289

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,307 ± 1,179

Worcester, MA-CT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Worcester, MA-CT awarded 13,173 degrees. The student population of Worcester, MA-CT is skewed towards women, with 23,663 male students and 30,461 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Worcester, MA-CT are White (9,098 and 74.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,046 and 8.54%), Unknown (750 and 6.12%), and Black or African American (654 and 5.34%).

The largest universities in Worcester, MA-CT by number of degrees awarded are Worcester Polytechnic Institute (1,727 and 13.1%), Worcester State University (1,523 and 11.6%), and Quinsigamond Community College (1,420 and 10.8%).

The most popular majors in Worcester, MA-CT are General Business Administration & Management (979 and 7.43%), General Psychology (678 and 5.15%), and Registered Nursing (491 and 3.73%).

The median tuition costs in Worcester, MA-CT are $35,510 for private four year colleges, and $970 and $7,050 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 470 degrees awarded

  2. 321 degrees awarded

  3. 665 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Worcester, MA-CT was General Business Administration & Management with 470 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Worcester, MA-CT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,727 degrees awarded

  2. 1,523 degrees awarded

  3. 1,420 degrees awarded

$970

Median In-State Public

$35,510

Median Private

In 2016, the Worcester, MA-CT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Worcester Polytechnic Institute with 1,727 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,534

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,639

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,534 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Worcester, MA-CT, which is 0.724 times less than the 7,639 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Worcester, MA-CT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,098 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,046 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    750 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Worcester, MA-CT were to White students. These 9,098 degrees mean that there were 8.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,046 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Worcester, MA-CT was $269,600 in 2017, which is 1.24 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $258,600 to $269,600, a 4.25% increase. The homeownership rate in Worcester, MA-CT is 64.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Worcester, MA-CT have an average commute time of 27 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Worcester, MA-CT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$69,412

Median Household Income

± $2,546

352k

Number of Households

± 8,971

In 2017, the median household income of the 352k households in Worcester, MA-CT grew to $69,412 from the previous year's value of $67,763.

The following chart displays the households in Worcester, MA-CT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$269,600

2017 Median

± $3,826

$258,600

2016 Median

± $5,141

In 2017, the median property value in Worcester, MA-CT grew to to $269,600 from the previous year's value of $258,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Worcester, MA-CT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Worcester, MA-CT the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Worcester, MA-CT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Worcester, MA-CT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.2%

2017 Homeownership

64.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.2% of the housing units in Worcester, MA-CT were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Worcester, MA-CT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Worcester, MA-CT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Worcester, MA-CT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Worcester, MA-CT have a longer commute time (27 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.45% of the workforce in Worcester, MA-CT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Worcester, MA-CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.74%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.87%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Worcester, MA-CT was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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