Winston-Salem, NC

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Population

667,733

0.854% growth

Median Age

40.7


Median Household Income

$49,162

3.04% growth

Poverty Rate

17.3%


Number of Employees

306,572

0.624% growth

Median Property Value

$148,600

1.71% growth

About

In 2017, Winston-Salem, NC had a population of 668k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $49,162. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Winston-Salem, NC grew from 662,079 to 667,733, a 0.854% increase and its median household income grew from $47,711 to $49,162, a 3.04% increase.

The population of Winston-Salem, NC is 68.1% White Alone, 16.9% Black or African American Alone, and 10.2% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Winston-Salem, NC speak a non-English language, and 95.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Winston-Salem, NC are Wake Forest University (2,574 degrees awarded in 2016), Forsyth Technical Community College (1,691 degrees), and Davidson County Community College (1,443 degrees).

The median property value in Winston-Salem, NC is $148,600, and the homeownership rate is 67.8%. Most people in Winston-Salem, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Winston-Salem, NC is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Winston-Salem, NC employs 307k people. The largest industries in Winston-Salem, NC are Manufacturing (49,131 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (48,869 people), and Retail Trade (36,405 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($150,212), Finance & Insurance ($53,866), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,100).

Median household income in Winston-Salem, NC is $49,162. Males in Winston-Salem, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,208. The income inequality in Winston-Salem, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,162

2017 value

± $2,018

3.04%

1 Year Growth

± 5.01%

Households in Winston-Salem, NC have a median annual income of $49,162, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,711 in 2016, which represents a 3.04% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Winston-Salem, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,048

Average Male Salary

± $1,147

$46,208

Average Female Salary

± $809

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,340 ± $4,747

  2. White

    $51,739 ± $820

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $47,717 ± $31,159

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Winston-Salem, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.293% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Winston-Salem, NC was Union County, NC with a value of $77,691, followed by Wake County, NC and Orange County, NC, with respective values of $77,318 and $69,940.

The following map shows all of the counties in Winston-Salem, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Winston-Salem, NC (111k out of 644k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    69,940 ± 1,940

  2. Black

    30,948 ± 1,212

  3. Hispanic

    24,863 ± 1,099

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Winston-Salem, NC is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

307k

2017 Value

± 9,493

0.624%

1 Year growth

± 4.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Winston-Salem, NC grew at a rate of 0.624%, from 305k employees to 307k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Winston-Salem, NC, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (39,836 people), Management Occupations (30,080 people), and Production Occupations (27,966 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Winston-Salem, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Winston-Salem, NC, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (39,836 people), Management Occupations (30,080 people), and Production Occupations (27,966 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Winston-Salem, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.68 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.44 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Winston-Salem, NC, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,012), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($70,452), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,817).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

307k

2017 Value

± 9,493

0.624%

1 Year growth

± 4.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Winston-Salem, NC grew at a rate of 0.624%, from 305k employees to 307k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Winston-Salem, NC, are Manufacturing (49,131 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (48,869 people), and Retail Trade (36,405 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Winston-Salem, NC, though some of these residents may live in Winston-Salem, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Winston-Salem, NC, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (49,131 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (48,869 people), and Retail Trade (36,405 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Winston-Salem, NC has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.33 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.66 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.19 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Winston-Salem, NC, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($150,212), Finance & Insurance ($53,866), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,100).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.5% of the population of Winston-Salem, NC has health coverage, with 45.5% on employee plans, 16.3% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 1.96% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Winston-Salem, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Winston-Salem, NC see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

1,417 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1,410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.5%

Uninsured

45.5%

Employer Coverage

16.3%

Medicaid

13%

Medicare

12.7%

Non-Group

1.96%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Winston-Salem, NC declined by 4.33% from 11% to 10.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Winston-Salem, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Winston-Salem, NC is home to a population of 668k people, from which 95.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.63% of Winston-Salem, NC residents were born outside of the country (44.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Winston-Salem, NC is composed of 455k White Alone residents (68.1%), 113k Black or African American Alone residents (16.9%), 68.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.2%), 14.7k Two or More Races residents (2.21%), 13.1k Asian Alone residents (1.97%), 2.55k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.382%), 619 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0927%), and 370 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0554%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Winston-Salem, NC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Winston-Salem, NC was 40.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Winston-Salem, NC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Winston-Salem, NC residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.63%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

44.3k people

6.53%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

43.2k people

As of 2017, 6.63% of Winston-Salem, NC residents (44.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Winston-Salem, NC was 6.53%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Winston-Salem, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,569 ± 11,827 people

  2. India

    71,743 ± 6,553 people

  3. Honduras

    36,265 ± 4,667 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 237,569 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,743 and Honduras with 36,265.

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Citizenship

95.5%

2017 Citizenship

96.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.5% of Winston-Salem, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Winston-Salem, NC was 96.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Winston-Salem, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    455k ± 328

  2. Black or African American Alone

    113k ± 2.46k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    68.3k ± 4.87k

In 2017, there were 4.02 times more White Alone residents (455k people) in Winston-Salem, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 113k Black or African American Alone and 68.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Winston-Salem, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Winston-Salem, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Winston-Salem, NC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Winston-Salem, NC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    13,887 ± 1,685

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    7,502 ± 1,602

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,956 ± 1,116

Winston-Salem, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.85 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Winston-Salem, NC awarded 7,714 degrees. The student population of Winston-Salem, NC is skewed towards women, with 10,823 male students and 16,918 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Winston-Salem, NC are White (4,913 and 65.3%), followed by Black or African American (1,655 and 22%), Hispanic or Latino (416 and 5.53%), and Asian (202 and 2.69%).

The largest universities in Winston-Salem, NC by number of degrees awarded are Wake Forest University (2,574 and 33.4%), Forsyth Technical Community College (1,691 and 21.9%), and Davidson County Community College (1,443 and 18.7%).

The most popular majors in Winston-Salem, NC are Registered Nursing (642 and 8.32%), General Business Administration & Management (575 and 7.45%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (553 and 7.17%).

The median tuition costs in Winston-Salem, NC are $17,945 for private four year colleges, and $4,853 and $17,643 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 149 degrees awarded

  2. 447 degrees awarded

  3. 166 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Winston-Salem, NC was General Biological Sciences with 149 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Winston-Salem, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,574 degrees awarded

  2. 1,691 degrees awarded

  3. 1,443 degrees awarded

$4,853

Median In-State Public

$17,945

Median Private

In 2016, the Winston-Salem, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wake Forest University with 2,574 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,217

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,497

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,217 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Winston-Salem, NC, which is 0.715 times less than the 4,497 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Winston-Salem, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,913 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,655 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    416 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Winston-Salem, NC were to White students. These 4,913 degrees mean that there were 2.97 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,655 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Winston-Salem, NC was $148,600 in 2017, which is 0.683 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $146,100 to $148,600, a 1.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Winston-Salem, NC is 67.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Winston-Salem, NC have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Winston-Salem, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,162

Median Household Income

± $2,018

263k

Number of Households

± 7,824

In 2017, the median household income of the 263k households in Winston-Salem, NC grew to $49,162 from the previous year's value of $47,711.

The following chart displays the households in Winston-Salem, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$148,600

2017 Median

± $3,574

$146,100

2016 Median

± $3,563

In 2017, the median property value in Winston-Salem, NC grew to to $148,600 from the previous year's value of $146,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Winston-Salem, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Winston-Salem, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Winston-Salem, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Winston-Salem, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.8%

2017 Homeownership

66.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.8% of the housing units in Winston-Salem, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Winston-Salem, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Winston-Salem, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Winston-Salem, NC have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Winston-Salem, NC have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.06% of the workforce in Winston-Salem, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Winston-Salem, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.8%

  2. Carpooled

    7.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.7%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Winston-Salem, NC was Drove Alone (84.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.8%) and those who Worked At Home (4.7%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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