Wilmington, NC

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Population

294,436

2.18% growth

Median Age

39.9


Median Household Income

$52,756

0.649% growth

Poverty Rate

17.5%


Number of Employees

140,218

0.394% decline

Median Property Value

$239,600

3.99% growth

About

In 2018, Wilmington, NC had a population of 294k people with a median age of 39.9 and a median household income of $52,756. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Wilmington, NC grew from 288,156 to 294,436, a 2.18% increase and its median household income grew from $52,416 to $52,756, a 0.649% increase.

The population of Wilmington, NC is 76.8% White Alone, 13.7% Black or African American Alone, and 5.99% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Wilmington, NC speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Wilmington, NC are University of North Carolina Wilmington (4,204 degrees awarded in 2017), Cape Fear Community College (1,922 degrees), and Miller-Motte College-Wilmington (691 degrees).

The median property value in Wilmington, NC is $239,600, and the homeownership rate is 60.8%. Most people in Wilmington, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Wilmington, NC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Market Street in Wilmington, North Carolina in New Hanover County.

Economy

The economy of Wilmington, NC employs 140k people. The largest industries in Wilmington, NC are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,686 people), Retail Trade (18,282 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (14,723 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($87,691), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,527), and Manufacturing ($54,448).

Median household income in Wilmington, NC is $52,756. Males in Wilmington, NC have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,552. The income inequality in Wilmington, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.47, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,756

2018 value

± $3,106

0.649%

1 Year Growth

± 8.81%

Households in Wilmington, NC have a median annual income of $52,756, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,416 in 2017, which represents a 0.649% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Wilmington, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,551

Average Male Salary

± $1,091

$47,552

Average Female Salary

± $846

In 2018, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,551 ± $4,420

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $53,592 ± $28,568

  3. White

    $52,871 ± $810

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Wilmington, NC is from North Carolina.

0.47

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.47 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.556% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Wilmington, NC was Union County, NC with a value of $80,337, followed by Wake County, NC and Chatham County, NC, with respective values of $79,970 and $74,959.

The following map shows all of the counties in Wilmington, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Wilmington, NC (47.3k out of 270k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    30,672 ± 1,393

  2. Black

    12,181 ± 802

  3. Hispanic

    5,281 ± 540

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Wilmington, NC is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

140k

2018 Value

± 7,303

-0.394%

1 Year decline

± 7.14%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Wilmington, NC declined at a rate of -0.394%, from 141k employees to 140k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Wilmington, NC, are Sales & Related Occupations (17,477 people), Management Occupations (16,842 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,256 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Wilmington, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Wilmington, NC, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (17,477 people), Management Occupations (16,842 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,256 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Wilmington, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.33 times higher than expected), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.23 times), and Sales & Related Occupations (1.23 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Wilmington, NC, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($82,500), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($78,750), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($65,720).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

140k

2018 Value

± 7,303

-0.394%

1 Year decline

± 7.14%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Wilmington, NC declined at a rate of -0.394%, from 141k employees to 140k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Wilmington, NC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,686 people), Retail Trade (18,282 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (14,723 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Wilmington, NC, though some of these residents may live in Wilmington, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Wilmington, NC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,686 people), Retail Trade (18,282 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (14,723 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Wilmington, NC has an unusually high number of Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.9 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.39 times), and Utilities (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Wilmington, NC, by median earnings, are Utilities ($87,691), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,527), and Manufacturing ($54,448).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $54.9B

  2. $41.2B

  3. $40B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $54.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($41.2B) and Machinery ($40B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$443B

2020 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

42.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound North Carolina trade was $443B. This is expected to increase 42.7% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.4B

  2. $28.1B

  3. $28B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $28.4B, followed by Virginia with $28.1B and Georgia and $28B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Wilmington, NC has health coverage, with 45.7% on employee plans, 11.5% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 17.7% on non-group plans, and 2.02% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Wilmington, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Wilmington, NC see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

1,417 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1,410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

45.7%

Employer Coverage

11.5%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

17.7%

Non-Group

2.02%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Wilmington, NC grew by 20.7% from 8.92% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Wilmington, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Wilmington, NC is home to a population of 294k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.66% of Wilmington, NC residents were born outside of the country (13.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Wilmington, NC is composed of 226k White Alone residents (76.8%), 40.3k Black or African American Alone residents (13.7%), 17.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.99%), 5.96k Two or More Races residents (2.02%), 3.73k Asian Alone residents (1.27%), 430 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.146%), 414 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.141%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Wilmington, NC was 39.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Wilmington, NC are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Wilmington, NC residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.66%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

13.4k people

4.85%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

13.7k people

As of 2017, 4.66% of Wilmington, NC residents (13.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Wilmington, NC was 4.85%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Wilmington, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    229,977 ± 11,643 people

  2. India

    71,606 ± 6,547 people

  3. Honduras

    31,466 ± 4,348 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 229,977 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,606 and Honduras with 31,466.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2018 Citizenship

97.3%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.1% of Wilmington, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Wilmington, NC was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Wilmington, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    226k ± 598

  2. Black or African American Alone

    40.3k ± 1.71k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    17.6k ± 3.2k

In 2018, there were 5.61 times more White Alone residents (226k people) in Wilmington, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.3k Black or African American Alone and 17.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Wilmington, NC as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,723 ± 1,279

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,732 ± 1,248

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,469 ± 858

Wilmington, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Wilmington, NC awarded 6,908 degrees. The student population of Wilmington, NC is skewed towards women, with 9,944 male students and 16,733 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Wilmington, NC are White (5,086 and 74.8%), followed by Black or African American (829 and 12.2%), Hispanic or Latino (384 and 5.64%), and Unknown (190 and 2.79%).

The largest universities in Wilmington, NC by number of degrees awarded are University of North Carolina Wilmington (4,204 and 60.9%), Cape Fear Community College (1,922 and 27.8%), and Miller-Motte College-Wilmington (691 and 10%).

The most popular majors in Wilmington, NC are General Business Administration & Management (913 and 13.2%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (686 and 9.93%), and Registered Nursing (522 and 7.56%).

The median tuition costs in Wilmington, NC are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,443 and $18,508 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 451 degrees awarded

  2. 229 degrees awarded

  3. 742 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Wilmington, NC was Registered Nursing with 451 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Wilmington, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,204 degrees awarded

  2. 1,922 degrees awarded

  3. 691 degrees awarded

$4,443

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Wilmington, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Carolina Wilmington with 4,204 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,491

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,417

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,491 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Wilmington, NC, which is 0.564 times less than the 4,417 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Wilmington, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,086 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    829 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    384 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Wilmington, NC were to White students. These 5,086 degrees mean that there were 6.14 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 829 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Wilmington, NC was $239,600 in 2018, which is 1.04 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $230,400 to $239,600, a 3.99% increase. The homeownership rate in Wilmington, NC is 60.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Wilmington, NC have an average commute time of 25.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Wilmington, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$239,600

2018 Median

± $7,436

$230,400

2017 Median

± $8,696

In 2018, the median property value in Wilmington, NC grew to to $239,600 from the previous year's value of $230,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Wilmington, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wilmington, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,756

Median Household Income

± $3,106

121k

Number of Households

± 6,243

In 2018, the median household income of the 121k households in Wilmington, NC grew to $52,756 from the previous year's value of $52,416.

The following chart displays the households in Wilmington, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Wilmington, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wilmington, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

60.8%

2018 Homeownership

63.6%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 60.8% of the housing units in Wilmington, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Wilmington, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Wilmington, NC have a similar commute time (25.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.65% of the workforce in Wilmington, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Wilmington, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.4%

  2. Worked At Home

    7.43%

  3. Carpooled

    6.25%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Wilmington, NC was Drove Alone (83.4%), followed by those who Worked At Home (7.43%) and those who Carpooled (6.25%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Wilmington, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Wilmington, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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