Williamsburg city, VA

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Population

14,817

1.14% decline

Median Age

24.5


Median Household Income

$54,606

9.01% growth

Poverty Rate

21.5%


Number of Employees

6,235

2.92% growth

Median Property Value

$307,000

3.91% decline

About

In 2017, Williamsburg city, VA had a population of 14.8k people with a median age of 24.5 and a median household income of $54,606. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Williamsburg city, VA declined from 14,988 to 14,817, a -1.14% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,091 to $54,606, a 9.01% increase.

The population of Williamsburg city, VA is 67.9% White Alone, 14.5% Black or African American Alone, and 7.67% Hispanic or Latino. 14.7% of the people in Williamsburg city, VA speak a non-English language, and 93.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Williamsburg city, VA are College of William and Mary (2,873 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Williamsburg city, VA is $307,000, and the homeownership rate is 47.3%. Most people in Williamsburg city, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Williamsburg city, VA is 2 cars per household.

Williamsburg city, VA borders James City County, VA and York County, VA.

Economy

The economy of Williamsburg city, VA employs 6.24k people. The largest industries in Williamsburg city, VA are Educational Services (1,758 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (624 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (607 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($103,409), Manufacturing ($80,398), and Public Administration ($70,051).

Median household income in Williamsburg city, VA is $54,606. Males in Williamsburg city, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Williamsburg city, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,606

2017 value

± $4,779

9.01%

1 Year Growth

± 9.9%

Households in Williamsburg city, VA have a median annual income of $54,606, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,091 in 2016, which represents a 9.01% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Williamsburg city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Williamsburg city, VA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Williamsburg city, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Williamsburg city, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Williamsburg city, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Williamsburg city, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3701

  2. Census Tract 3703

  3. Census Tract 3702

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Williamsburg city, VA was Census Tract 3701 with a value of $75,357, followed by Census Tract 3703 and Census Tract 3702, with respective values of $45,849 and $43,542.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Williamsburg city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Williamsburg city, VA (2.28k out of 10.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,559 ± 277

  2. Black

    423 ± 135

  3. Hispanic

    243 ± 153

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Williamsburg city, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.24k

2017 Value

± 493

2.92%

1 Year growth

± 10.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Williamsburg city, VA grew at a rate of 2.92%, from 6.06k employees to 6.24k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Williamsburg city, VA, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (891 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (734 people), and Management Occupations (654 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Williamsburg city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Williamsburg city, VA, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (891 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (734 people), and Management Occupations (654 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Williamsburg city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2.36 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.36 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.84 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Williamsburg city, VA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($98,542), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($80,852), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($70,521).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.24k

2017 Value

± 493

2.92%

1 Year growth

± 10.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Williamsburg city, VA grew at a rate of 2.92%, from 6.06k employees to 6.24k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Williamsburg city, VA, are Educational Services (1,758 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (624 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (607 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Williamsburg city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Williamsburg city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Williamsburg city, VA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (1,758 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (624 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (607 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Williamsburg city, VA has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (4.02 times higher than expected), Educational Services (3.04 times), and Public Administration (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Williamsburg city, VA, by median earnings, are Wholesale Trade ($103,409), Manufacturing ($80,398), and Public Administration ($70,051).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.5% of the population of Williamsburg city, VA has health coverage, with 54.9% on employee plans, 5.53% on Medicaid, 10.1% on Medicare, 19.7% on non-group plans, and 4.33% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Williamsburg city, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Williamsburg city, VA see 15052 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.46% increase from the previous year (14691 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 0 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2173 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

15,052 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Williamsburg city, VA see an average of 15,052 patients per year. This represents a 2.46% increase from the previous year (14,691 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Williamsburg city, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.51%

Uninsured

54.9%

Employer Coverage

5.53%

Medicaid

10.1%

Medicare

19.7%

Non-Group

4.33%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Williamsburg city, VA grew by 5.44% from 5.23% to 5.51%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Williamsburg city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Williamsburg city, VA is home to a population of 14.8k people, from which 93.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.78% of Williamsburg city, VA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Williamsburg city, VA is composed of 10.1k White Alone residents (67.9%), 2.15k Black or African American Alone residents (14.5%), 1.14k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.67%), 858 Asian Alone residents (5.79%), 546 Two or More Races residents (3.68%), 34 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.229%), 29 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.196%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Williamsburg city, VA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (625 speakers), Chinese (290 speakers), and French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (165 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

24

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

26

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Williamsburg city, VA was 24.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 24, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 26. But people in Williamsburg city, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Williamsburg city, VA residents was 24.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.78%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

9.07%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 8.78% of Williamsburg city, VA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Williamsburg city, VA was 9.07%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Williamsburg city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Williamsburg city, VA was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Williamsburg city, VA residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

93.4%

2017 Citizenship

93.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.4% of Williamsburg city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Williamsburg city, VA was 93.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Williamsburg city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    10.1k ± 35

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.15k ± 125

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.14k ± 250

In 2017, there were 4.68 times more White Alone residents (10.1k people) in Williamsburg city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.15k Black or African American Alone and 1.14k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Williamsburg city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    625 speakers (4.39%)

  2. Chinese

    290 speakers (2.04%)

  3. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    165 speakers (1.16%)

14.7% of Williamsburg city, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Williamsburg city, VA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4.39% of the overall population of Williamsburg city, VA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 2.04% speak Chinese and 1.16% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    311 ± 103

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    207 ± 87

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    188 ± 79

Williamsburg city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Williamsburg city, VA awarded 2,873 degrees. The student population of Williamsburg city, VA is skewed towards women, with 3,846 male students and 4,771 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Williamsburg city, VA are White (1,768 and 67.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (208 and 7.95%), Black or African American (181 and 6.92%), and Unknown (174 and 6.65%).

The largest universities in Williamsburg city, VA by number of degrees awarded are College of William and Mary (2,873 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Williamsburg city, VA are General Business Administration & Management (415 and 14.4%), Law (225 and 7.83%), and General Psychology (175 and 6.09%).

The median tuition costs in Williamsburg city, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $13,127 and $36,158 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 166 degrees awarded

  2. 222 degrees awarded

  3. 168 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Williamsburg city, VA was General Economics with 166 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Williamsburg city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

2,873 degrees awarded

$13,127

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Williamsburg city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was College of William and Mary with 2,873 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,295

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,578

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,295 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Williamsburg city, VA, which is 0.821 times less than the 1,578 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Williamsburg city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,768 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    208 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    181 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Williamsburg city, VA were to White students. These 1,768 degrees mean that there were 8.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 208 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Williamsburg city, VA was $307,000 in 2017, which is 1.41 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $319,500 to $307,000, a 3.91% decrease. The homeownership rate in Williamsburg city, VA is 47.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Williamsburg city, VA have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Williamsburg city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,606

Median Household Income

± $4,779

4.65k

Number of Households

± 397

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.65k households in Williamsburg city, VA grew to $54,606 from the previous year's value of $50,091.

The following chart displays the households in Williamsburg city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$307,000

2017 Median

± $28,273

$319,500

2016 Median

± $23,166

In 2017, the median property value in Williamsburg city, VA declined from to $307,000 from the previous year's value of $319,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Williamsburg city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Williamsburg city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Williamsburg city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Williamsburg city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

47.3%

2017 Homeownership

46.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 47.3% of the housing units in Williamsburg city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 46.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Williamsburg city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Williamsburg city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Williamsburg city, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Williamsburg city, VA have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.24% of the workforce in Williamsburg city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Williamsburg city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    60.6%

  2. Walked

    15%

  3. Carpooled

    8.42%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Williamsburg city, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Walked and those who Carpooled.

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