Wichita County, TX

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Population

131,778

0.28% decline

Median Age

34.2


Median Household Income

$45,776

0.893% growth

Poverty Rate

18.9%


Number of Employees

55,552

0.287% decline

Median Property Value

$93,200

1.64% growth

About

In 2017, Wichita County, TX had a population of 132k people with a median age of 34.2 and a median household income of $45,776. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Wichita County, TX declined from 132,148 to 131,778, a -0.28% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,371 to $45,776, a 0.893% increase.

The population of Wichita County, TX is 66.1% White Alone, 18.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.88% Black or African American Alone. 13.5% of the people in Wichita County, TX speak a non-English language, and 95.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Wichita County, TX are Midwestern State University (1,246 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Wichita County, TX is $93,200, and the homeownership rate is 61.3%. Most people in Wichita County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 14.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Wichita County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Wichita County, TX employs 55.6k people. The largest industries in Wichita County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,869 people), Retail Trade (7,412 people), and Educational Services (5,524 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,061), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($48,707), and Public Administration ($46,437).

Median household income in Wichita County, TX is $45,776. Males in Wichita County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Wichita County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,776

2017 value

± $1,140

0.893%

1 Year Growth

± 3.8%

Households in Wichita County, TX have a median annual income of $45,776, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,371 in 2016, which represents a 0.893% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Wichita County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Wichita County, TX made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Wichita County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Wichita County, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Wichita County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Wichita County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 135.02

  2. Census Tract 123

  3. Census Tract 134.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Wichita County, TX was Census Tract 135.02 with a value of $73,182, followed by Census Tract 123 and Census Tract 134.01, with respective values of $71,348 and $70,156.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Wichita County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Wichita County, TX (22k out of 116k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    14,196 ± 825

  2. Hispanic

    6,417 ± 485

  3. Black

    3,708 ± 389

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Wichita County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

55.6k

2017 Value

± 1,653

-0.287%

1 Year decline

± 4.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wichita County, TX declined at a rate of -0.287%, from 55.7k employees to 55.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Wichita County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,270 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,952 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,499 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Wichita County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Wichita County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,270 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,952 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,499 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wichita County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.6 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.58 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.48 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Wichita County, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($72,949), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($56,953), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($56,772).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

55.6k

2017 Value

± 1,653

-0.287%

1 Year decline

± 4.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wichita County, TX declined at a rate of -0.287%, from 55.7k employees to 55.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Wichita County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,869 people), Retail Trade (7,412 people), and Educational Services (5,524 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Wichita County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Wichita County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Wichita County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,869 people), Retail Trade (7,412 people), and Educational Services (5,524 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wichita County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.89 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.47 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Wichita County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,061), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($48,707), and Public Administration ($46,437).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85% of the population of Wichita County, TX has health coverage, with 39.3% on employee plans, 15.4% on Medicaid, 9.69% on Medicare, 15.7% on non-group plans, and 4.88% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Wichita County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Wichita County, TX see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.4% increase from the previous year (1249 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1256 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 758 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1254 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Wichita County, TX see an average of 1254 patients per year. This represents a 0.4% increase from the previous year (1249 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Wichita County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15%

Uninsured

39.3%

Employer Coverage

15.4%

Medicaid

9.69%

Medicare

15.7%

Non-Group

4.88%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Wichita County, TX declined by 8.28% from 16.4% to 15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Wichita County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Wichita County, TX is home to a population of 132k people, from which 95.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 7% of Wichita County, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Wichita County, TX is composed of 87.1k White Alone residents (66.1%), 24.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (18.5%), 13k Black or African American Alone residents (9.88%), 3.23k Two or More Races residents (2.45%), 2.67k Asian Alone residents (2.02%), 773 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.587%), 477 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.362%), and 48 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0364%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Wichita County, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (12,879 speakers), Other Asian Languages (581 speakers), and German (562 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Wichita County, TX was 34.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Wichita County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Wichita County, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.84%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7% of Wichita County, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Wichita County, TX was 6.84%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Wichita County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Wichita County, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Wichita County, TX residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

95.7%

2017 Citizenship

95.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.7% of Wichita County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Wichita County, TX was 95.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Wichita County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    87.1k ± 155

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    24.4k ± 1.31k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    13k ± 414

In 2017, there were 3.57 times more White Alone residents (87.1k people) in Wichita County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24.4k Hispanic or Latino and 13k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Wichita County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    12,879 speakers (10.4%)

  2. Other Asian Languages

    581 speakers (0.471%)

  3. German

    562 speakers (0.456%)

13.5% of Wichita County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Wichita County, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 10.4% of the overall population of Wichita County, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.471% speak Other Asian Languages and 0.456% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,349 ± 454

  2. Vietnam

    3,222 ± 285

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,590 ± 194

Wichita County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Wichita County, TX awarded 1,246 degrees. The student population of Wichita County, TX is skewed towards women, with 2,496 male students and 3,568 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Wichita County, TX are White (692 and 63%), followed by Black or African American (149 and 13.6%), Two or More Races (98 and 8.92%), and Hispanic or Latino (81 and 7.37%).

The largest universities in Wichita County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Midwestern State University (1,246 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Wichita County, TX are Radiographer (181 and 14.5%), Registered Nursing (150 and 12%), and Other Multidisciplinary Studies (106 and 8.51%).

The median tuition costs in Wichita County, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,216 and $7,166 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 170 degrees awarded

  2. 150 degrees awarded

  3. 106 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Wichita County, TX was Radiographer with 170 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Wichita County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,246 degrees awarded

$5,216

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Wichita County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Midwestern State University with 1,246 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

446

Degrees Awarded to Men

800

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 446 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Wichita County, TX, which is 0.557 times less than the 800 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Wichita County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    692 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    149 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    98 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Wichita County, TX were to White students. These 692 degrees mean that there were 4.64 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 149 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Wichita County, TX was $93,200 in 2017, which is 0.428 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $91,700 to $93,200, a 1.64% increase. The homeownership rate in Wichita County, TX is 61.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Wichita County, TX have an average commute time of 14.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Wichita County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,776

Median Household Income

± $1,140

48.5k

Number of Households

± 1,464

In 2017, the median household income of the 48.5k households in Wichita County, TX grew to $45,776 from the previous year's value of $45,371.

The following chart displays the households in Wichita County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$93,200

2017 Median

± $2,326

$91,700

2016 Median

± $2,546

In 2017, the median property value in Wichita County, TX grew to to $93,200 from the previous year's value of $91,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Wichita County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wichita County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Wichita County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wichita County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

61.3%

2017 Homeownership

60.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.3% of the housing units in Wichita County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Wichita County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Wichita County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Wichita County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

14.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Wichita County, TX have a shorter commute time (14.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.18% of the workforce in Wichita County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Wichita County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77%

  2. Carpooled

    8.63%

  3. Walked

    7.61%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Wichita County, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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