Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2020 Population
109,064
1.54% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
29.5
4.24% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
28.5%
8.41% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$37,886
1.94% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$73,600
1.38% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX had a population of 109k people with a median age of 29.5 and a median household income of $37,886. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX declined from 110,772 to 109,064, a −1.54% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,164 to $37,886, a 1.94% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX are White (Hispanic) (68.5%), Other (Hispanic) (14.2%), Two+ (Hispanic) (9.43%), White (Non-Hispanic) (6.62%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.528%).

81.3% of the households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

84.5% of the residents in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hidalgo County (Southeast)--Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX are South Texas Vocational Technical Institute-Weslaco (228200) (275 degrees awarded in 2020), Valley Grande Institute for Academic Studies (126 degrees), and Advanced Barber College and Hair Design (58 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was $73,600, and the homeownership rate was 70.7%.

Most people in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX is home to a population of 109k people, from which 84.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 21% of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (22.9k people).

In 2020, there were 4.84 times more White (Hispanic) residents (74.7k people) in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.4k Other (Hispanic) and 10.3k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX are Spanish (80,546 households), Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages (158 households), and Vietnamese (154 households).

Citizenship

84.5%
2020 Citizenship
84.5%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 84.5% of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was 84.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    74.7k ± 2.99k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    15.4k ± 2.01k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    10.3k ± 2.01k
92.4%
Hispanic Population
101k people

In 2020, there were 4.84 times more White (Hispanic) residents (74.7k people) in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.4k Other (Hispanic) and 10.3k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

92.4% of the people in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX are hispanic (101k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

21%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
22.9k people
20.6%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
22.9k people

As of 2020, 21% of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX residents (22.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was 20.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    80,546 households (80.7%)
  2. Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages
    158 households (0.158%)
  3. Vietnamese
    154 households (0.154%)

81.3% of the households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was Spanish. 80.7% of the households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    988 ± 206
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    538 ± 304
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    441 ± 156

Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX employs 36.7k people. The largest industries in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX are Elementary & secondary schools (4,477 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,809 people), and Home health care services (2,119 people), and the highest paying industries are Executive offices & legislative bodies ($104,025), Computer Systems Design ($93,117), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals ($84,601).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
17,450
Women
47.5%
19,283
Men
52.5%

The workforce of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX in 2020 was 36,733 people, with 47.5% woman, and 52.5% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

36.7k
2020 Value
1.21%
1 Year growth
± 1.21%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.21%, from 36.3k employees to 36.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX, are Retail salespersons (1,898 people), Cashiers (1,572 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,309 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

36.7k
2020 Value
1.21%
1 Year growth
± 1.21%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.21%, from 36.3k employees to 36.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,477 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,809 people), and Home health care services (2,119 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$27,103
Median earning men ± $2,443
$19,064
Median earning women ± $1,390

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,014), Public Administration ($47,661), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($42,882).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Construction ($115,208), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($57,621), and Wholesale Trade ($39,141).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $292B
  2. $210B
  3. $178B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Electronics with $292B, followed by Gasoline ($210B) and Fuel oils ($178B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.36T
2020 Value in Texas
$4.5T
Projected 2050 Value in Texas
90.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.36T. This is expected to increase 90.9% to $4.5T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $78.1B
  2. $76.4B
  3. $74.9B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $78.1B, followed by California with $76.4B and Michigan and $74.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX awarded 459 degrees. The student population of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 269 male students and 274 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (401 and 87.4%), followed by White (56 and 12.2%), Unknown (2 and 0.436%), and Asian (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are South Texas Vocational Technical Institute-Weslaco (228200) (275 and 59.9%), Valley Grande Institute for Academic Studies (126 and 27.5%), and Advanced Barber College and Hair Design (58 and 12.6%).

The most popular majors in Hidalgo County (Southeast)--Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX are Welding Technology (120 and 26.1%), Medical Assistant (94 and 20.5%), and Barbering (56 and 12.2%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2020, 1.72% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.67% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX in 2020 were Primary Education (24.2k), High School or Equivalent (19.9k), and Secondary Education (18.3k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was $73,600 in 2020, which is 0.32 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $72,600 to $73,600, a 1.38% increase. The homeownership rate in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX is 70.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 27.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX is $37,886. In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $141,330, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Fort Bend County (West & South) PUMA, TX, with respective values of $130,920 and $121,555.

Property

$73,600
Median Property Value 2020
±$3,275
$21,558
Median Property Taxes
±$1,219

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70.7%
Homeownership
2020
67.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 70.7% of the housing units in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $141,330, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Fort Bend County (West & South) PUMA, TX, with respective values of $130,920 and $121,555.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$37,886
Median Household Income
± $2,468
30.5k
Number of Households
± 1,563

In 2020, the median household income of the 30.5k households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX grew to $37,886 from the previous year's value of $37,164.

The following chart displays the households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.46
2020 Wage GINI in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX
0.457
2019 Wage GINI in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX

In 2020, the income inequality in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.713% growth from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (77%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.86%)
  3. Other (6.26%)

In 2020, 77% of workers in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.86%) and those who used some unspecified means to get work (6.26%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

27.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX have a longer commute time (27.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 5.09% of the workforce in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

28.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX (30.9k out of 108k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

69.8% of the population of Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 25.5% on employee plans, 30% on Medicaid, 6.25% on Medicare, 7.09% on non-group plans, and 0.901% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1642 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1677 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 827 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,642 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,642 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 34.9% under 18 years, 21.7% between 18 and 34 years, 31.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.1% were men and 50.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

30.2%
Uninsured
25.5%
Employer Coverage
30%
Medicaid
6.25%
Medicare
7.09%
Non-Group
0.901%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX grew by 4.81% from 28.8% to 30.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Weslaco & Mercedes Cities PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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