Wayne County, MI

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Population

1.75M

0.243% growth

Median Age

38


Median Household Income

$45,135

3.84% growth

Poverty Rate

23.7%


Number of Employees

737,289

0.0565% decline

Median Property Value

$114,400

8.64% growth

About

In 2017, Wayne County, MI had a population of 1.75M people with a median age of 38 and a median household income of $45,135. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Wayne County, MI grew from 1.75M to 1.75M, a 0.243% increase and its median household income grew from $43,464 to $45,135, a 3.84% increase.

The population of Wayne County, MI is 49.5% White Alone, 38.6% Black or African American Alone, and 5.91% Hispanic or Latino. 15% of the people in Wayne County, MI speak a non-English language, and 95.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Wayne County, MI are Wayne State University (6,162 degrees awarded in 2016), Wayne County Community College District (2,202 degrees), and University of Michigan-Dearborn (1,982 degrees).

The median property value in Wayne County, MI is $114,400, and the homeownership rate is 61.6%. Most people in Wayne County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24 minutes. The average car ownership in Wayne County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Crosswinds Marsh County Park was once farm fields but is now one of the largest man-made marshes in the country with more than 5 miles of foot trails.

Economy

The economy of Wayne County, MI employs 737k people. The largest industries in Wayne County, MI are Manufacturing (132,784 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (115,848 people), and Retail Trade (78,569 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($72,355), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($60,494), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,429).

Median household income in Wayne County, MI is $45,135. Males in Wayne County, MI have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,042. The income inequality in Wayne County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,135

2017 value

± $910

3.84%

1 Year Growth

± 3.18%

Households in Wayne County, MI have a median annual income of $45,135, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,464 in 2016, which represents a 3.84% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Wayne County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$66,184

Average Male Salary

± $1,151

$48,042

Average Female Salary

± $879

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,268 ± $4,166

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,705 ± $51,364

  3. White

    $50,410 ± $738

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Wayne County, MI is from Michigan.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.74% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5613

  2. Census Tract 5645.01

  3. Census Tract 5612

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Wayne County, MI was Census Tract 5613 with a value of $177,829, followed by Census Tract 5645.01 and Census Tract 5612, with respective values of $166,215 and $155,250.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Wayne County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Wayne County, MI (414k out of 1.74M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    237,954 ± 2,974

  2. White

    140,664 ± 2,440

  3. Hispanic

    28,189 ± 1,063

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Wayne County, MI is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

737k

2017 Value

± 13,180

-0.0565%

1 Year decline

± 2.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wayne County, MI declined at a rate of -0.0565%, from 738k employees to 737k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Wayne County, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (98,879 people), Production Occupations (70,473 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (69,806 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Wayne County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Wayne County, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (98,879 people), Production Occupations (70,473 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (69,806 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wayne County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.76 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.53 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Wayne County, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,138), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,603), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($74,085).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

737k

2017 Value

± 13,180

-0.0565%

1 Year decline

± 2.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wayne County, MI declined at a rate of -0.0565%, from 738k employees to 737k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Wayne County, MI, are Manufacturing (132,784 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (115,848 people), and Retail Trade (78,569 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Wayne County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Wayne County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Wayne County, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (132,784 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (115,848 people), and Retail Trade (78,569 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wayne County, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.86 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.5 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.16 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Wayne County, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($72,355), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($60,494), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,429).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.1% of the population of Wayne County, MI has health coverage, with 42.5% on employee plans, 30% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 9.58% on non-group plans, and 0.739% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Wayne County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Wayne County, MI see 1470 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.03% decrease from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1489 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 388 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,470 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Wayne County, MI see an average of 1,470 patients per year. This represents a 3.03% decrease from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Wayne County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.94%

Uninsured

42.5%

Employer Coverage

30%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

9.58%

Non-Group

0.739%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Wayne County, MI declined by 0.765% from 5.98% to 5.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Wayne County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Wayne County, MI is home to a population of 1.75M people, from which 95.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.74% of Wayne County, MI residents were born outside of the country (153k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Wayne County, MI is composed of 869k White Alone residents (49.5%), 677k Black or African American Alone residents (38.6%), 104k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.91%), 58.3k Asian Alone residents (3.32%), 39.8k Two or More Races residents (2.27%), 3.77k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.215%), 2.09k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.119%), and 47 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00268%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Wayne County, MI are Arabic (92,813 speakers), Spanish (68,494 speakers), and Bengali (13,037 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Wayne County, MI was 38. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Wayne County, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Wayne County, MI residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.74%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

153k people

8.39%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

147k people

As of 2017, 8.74% of Wayne County, MI residents (153k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Wayne County, MI was 8.39%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Wayne County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    78,610 ± 6,856 people

  2. Mexico

    76,973 ± 6,785 people

  3. Iraq

    56,485 ± 5,818 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was India, the natal country of 78,610 Michigan residents, followed by Mexico with 76,973 and Iraq with 56,485.

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Citizenship

95.6%

2017 Citizenship

96.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.6% of Wayne County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Wayne County, MI was 96.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Wayne County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    869k ± 672

  2. Black or African American Alone

    677k ± 3.53k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    104k ± 7.54k

In 2017, there were 1.28 times more White Alone residents (869k people) in Wayne County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 677k Black or African American Alone and 104k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Wayne County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Arabic

    92,813 speakers (5.66%)

  2. Spanish

    68,494 speakers (4.18%)

  3. Bengali

    13,037 speakers (0.796%)

15% of Wayne County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Wayne County, MI was Arabic. 5.66% of the overall population of Wayne County, MI are native Arabic speakers. 4.18% speak Spanish and 0.796% speak Arabic, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    27,668 ± 2,257

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    10,589 ± 1,564

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    9,849 ± 1,409

Wayne County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.61 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Wayne County, MI awarded 19,215 degrees. The student population of Wayne County, MI is skewed towards women, with 39,541 male students and 51,072 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Wayne County, MI are White (10,450 and 59.1%), followed by Black or African American (4,246 and 24%), Unknown (1,060 and 6%), and Asian (797 and 4.51%).

The largest universities in Wayne County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Wayne State University (6,162 and 32.1%), Wayne County Community College District (2,202 and 11.5%), and University of Michigan-Dearborn (1,982 and 10.3%).

The most popular majors in Wayne County, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,784 and 9.28%), Registered Nursing (1,041 and 5.42%), and General Studies (747 and 3.89%).

The median tuition costs in Wayne County, MI are $21,526 for private four year colleges, and $7,875 and $15,045 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 567 degrees awarded

  2. 546 degrees awarded

  3. 460 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Wayne County, MI was Registered Nursing with 567 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Wayne County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,162 degrees awarded

  2. 2,202 degrees awarded

  3. 1,982 degrees awarded

$7,875

Median In-State Public

$21,526

Median Private

In 2016, the Wayne County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wayne State University with 6,162 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,695

Degrees Awarded to Men

11,520

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 7,695 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Wayne County, MI, which is 0.668 times less than the 11,520 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Wayne County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,450 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    4,246 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    1,060 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Wayne County, MI were to White students. These 10,450 degrees mean that there were 2.46 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 4,246 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Wayne County, MI was $114,400 in 2017, which is 0.526 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $105,300 to $114,400, a 8.64% increase. The homeownership rate in Wayne County, MI is 61.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Wayne County, MI have an average commute time of 24 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Wayne County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,135

Median Household Income

± $910

684k

Number of Households

± 12,196

In 2017, the median household income of the 684k households in Wayne County, MI grew to $45,135 from the previous year's value of $43,464.

The following chart displays the households in Wayne County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$114,400

2017 Median

± $2,142

$105,300

2016 Median

± $2,503

In 2017, the median property value in Wayne County, MI grew to to $114,400 from the previous year's value of $105,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Wayne County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wayne County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Wayne County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wayne County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.6%

2017 Homeownership

60.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.6% of the housing units in Wayne County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Wayne County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Wayne County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Wayne County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

24 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Wayne County, MI have a shorter commute time (24 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.46% of the workforce in Wayne County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Wayne County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.27%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.74%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Wayne County, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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