Union County, SC

County

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2020 Population
27,325
0.6% 1-year decline
US Senator
Lindsey Graham
Republican Party
US Senator
Tim Scott
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
44.4
0.909% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
19.9%
8.1% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$41,117
0.168% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$80,300
0.375% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
11,484
2.35% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Union County, SC had a population of 27.3k people with a median age of 44.4 and a median household income of $41,117. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Union County, SC declined from 27,490 to 27,325, a −0.6% decrease and its median household income declined from $41,186 to $41,117, a −0.168% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, SC are White (Non-Hispanic) (64.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (29.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.11%), White (Hispanic) (0.823%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.403%).

None of the households in Union County, SC reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.6% of the residents in Union County, SC are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, SC are University of South Carolina-Union (52 degrees awarded in 2020).

In 2020, the median property value in Union County, SC was $80,300, and the homeownership rate was 66.8%.

Most people in Union County, SC drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 28 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, SC was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Union County, SC is home to a population of 27.3k people, from which 99.6% are citizens. As of 2020, 0.856% of Union County, SC residents were born outside of the country (234 people).

In 2020, there were 2.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (17.6k people) in Union County, SC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.18k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.12k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.6%
2020 Citizenship
99.5%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.6% of Union County, SC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, SC was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, SC
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    17.6k ± 26
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    8.18k ± 346
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.12k ± 349
1.61%
Hispanic Population
440 people

In 2020, there were 2.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (17.6k people) in Union County, SC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.18k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.12k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.61% of the people in Union County, SC are hispanic (440 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, SC as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    62,463 ± 6,098 people
  2. India
    16,261 ± 3,126 people
  3. Honduras
    12,981 ± 2,794 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 62,463 South Carolina residents, followed by India with 16,261 and Honduras with 12,981.

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Foreign-Born Population

0.856%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
234 people
0.949%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
261 people

As of 2020, 0.856% of Union County, SC residents (234 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, SC was 0.949%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    557 ± 129
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    511 ± 199
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    362 ± 129

Union County, SC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Union County, SC employs 11.5k people. The largest industries in Union County, SC are Manufacturing (2,964 people), Retail Trade (1,577 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,506 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($54,625), Public Administration ($47,217), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation ($41,591).

Males in South Carolina have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,267. The income inequality in South Carolina (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

11.5k
2020 Value
± 769
−2.35%
1 Year decline
± 9.24%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, SC declined at a rate of −2.35%, from 11.8k employees to 11.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, SC, are Production Occupations (1,993 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,373 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (967 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, SC.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Carolina (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

11.5k
2020 Value
± 769
−2.35%
1 Year decline
± 9.24%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, SC declined at a rate of −2.35%, from 11.8k employees to 11.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, SC, are Manufacturing (2,964 people), Retail Trade (1,577 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,506 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, SC, though some of these residents may live in Union County, SC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$37,933
Median earning men ± $5,271
$24,321
Median earning women ± $2,740

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($51,772), Manufacturing ($45,307), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($39,850).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($43,849), Wholesale Trade ($33,750), and Manufacturing ($30,755).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in South Carolina. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in South Carolina.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 129
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  2. 108
    Manufacturing
  3. 104
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $222k
    Manufacturing
  2. $30.8k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. $25k
    Retail Trade

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $38.2B
  2. $32.1B
  3. $26.9B

In 2020, the top outbound South Carolina product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $38.2B, followed by Plastics/rubber ($32.1B) and Machinery ($26.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Carolina.
$285B
2020 Value in South Carolina
$613B
Projected 2050 Value in South Carolina
115% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Carolina trade was $285B. This is expected to increase 115% to $613B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $30.1B
  2. $22.4B
  3. $13.2B

In 2020, the top outbound South Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Carolina with $30.1B, followed by Georgia with $22.4B and Texas and $13.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, SC went to Donald J. Trump with 61.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.724%).

Lindsey Graham and Tim Scott are the senators currently representing the state of South Carolina. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

South Carolina is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from South Carolina

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.
Lindsey Graham
Senator from South Carolina2
Assumed office on January 3, 2003
Tim Scott
Senator from South Carolina3
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Jim DeMint.

Lindsey Graham and Tim Scott are the senators currently representing South Carolina.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in South Carolina over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from South Carolina

South Carolina is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for South Carolina have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Union County, SC awarded 52 degrees. The student population of Union County, SC in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 477 male students and 594 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, SC are White (37 and 71.2%), followed by Black or African American (11 and 21.2%), Hispanic or Latino (2 and 3.85%), and Two or More Races (1 and 1.92%).

The largest universities in Union County, SC by number of degrees awarded are University of South Carolina-Union (52 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Union County, SC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (52 and 100%) and General Studies (0 and 0%).

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Union County, SC, the percentage of applicants admitted was 83.5%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 44.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 1,071 (44.5% men and 55.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 1,071 students enrolled in Union County, SC, 44.5% men and 55.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 764 records, of which 54.8% were women and 45.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
52 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Union County, SC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 52 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Union County, SC according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
52 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Carolina-Union with 52 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 20 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, SC, which is 0.625 times less than the 32 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 37 degrees mean that there were 3.36 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 11 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 2-year ($7,158) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($400) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.
Measure

In 2020, 0.763% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.689% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (1.19M), Some college (911k), and Bachelors Degree (677k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Union County, SC was $80,300 in 2020, which is 0.349 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $80,000 to $80,300, a 0.375% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, SC is 66.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Union County, SC have an average commute time of 28 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, SC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, SC is $41,117. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, SC was Census Tract 308 with a value of $54,205, followed by Census Tract 305 and Census Tract 306, with respective values of $52,348 and $45,708.

In 2021, 11.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, SC. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1.76%.

Property

$80,300
Median Property Value 2020
±$4,398
$7,823
Median Property Taxes
±$539

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, SC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

66.8%
Homeownership
2020
64.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 66.8% of the housing units in Union County, SC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, SC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 308
  2. Census Tract 305
  3. Census Tract 306

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, SC was Census Tract 308 with a value of $54,205, followed by Census Tract 305 and Census Tract 306, with respective values of $52,348 and $45,708.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, SC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$41,117
Median Household Income
± $2,718
11.7k
Number of Households
± 720

In 2020, the median household income of the 11.7k households in Union County, SC declined from $41,117 from the previous year's value of $41,186.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, SC is from South Carolina.
0.462
2020 Wage GINI in South Carolina
0.461
2019 Wage GINI in South Carolina

In 2020, the income inequality in South Carolina was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.305% growth from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for South Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (84.2%)
  2. Carpooled (11.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (2.07%)

In 2020, 84.2% of workers in Union County, SC drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.4%) and those who worked at home (2.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

28 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, SC have a longer commute time (28 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.64% of the workforce in Union County, SC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, SC have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 11.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, SC. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1.76%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, SC (5.34k out of 26.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females < 5, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, SC is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 31.5% of the children was living in poverty in Union County, SC. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1.4%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 671 in Union County, SC. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 27.4 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

89.7% of the population of Union County, SC has health coverage, with 36.9% on employee plans, 21.8% on Medicaid, 17.4% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.92% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in South Carolina was $7,311 in 2014. This is a 4.15% increase from the previous year ($7,020).

Primary care physicians in Union County, SC see 2284 patients per year on average, which represents a 8.75% decrease from the previous year (2503 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4553 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1093 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.5% were men and 53.5% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for South Carolina. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in South Carolina, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,284 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, SC

Primary care physicians in Union County, SC see an average of 2,284 patients per year. This represents a 8.75% decrease from the previous year (2,503 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, SC in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of South Carolina across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.4% under 18 years, 17.3% between 18 and 34 years, 40.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.5% were men and 53.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.3%
Uninsured
36.9%
Employer Coverage
21.8%
Medicaid
17.4%
Medicare
11.6%
Non-Group
1.92%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, SC declined by 1.56% from 10.5% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, SC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 55.4 in Union County, SC.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, SC.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 46.8% in Union County, SC.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, SC.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11.8% in Union County, SC.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, SC.

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