Union County, SC

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Population

27,772

0.559% decline

Median Age

43.7


Median Household Income

$37,493

7.27% growth

Poverty Rate

19.3%


Number of Employees

11,655

3.65% growth

Median Property Value

$75,600

1.48% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, SC had a population of 27.8k people with a median age of 43.7 and a median household income of $37,493. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, SC declined from 27,928 to 27,772, a -0.559% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,953 to $37,493, a 7.27% increase.

The population of Union County, SC is 65.1% White Alone, 30.9% Black or African American Alone, and 2.42% Two or More Races. 1.04% of the people in Union County, SC speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, SC are University of South Carolina-Union (50 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Union County, SC is $75,600, and the homeownership rate is 70.2%. Most people in Union County, SC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, SC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: One Morgan Square in Downtown Spartanburg

Economy

The economy of Union County, SC employs 11.7k people. The largest industries in Union County, SC are Manufacturing (2,780 people), Retail Trade (1,761 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,433 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($52,500), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($38,594), and Manufacturing ($37,939).

Median household income in Union County, SC is $37,493. Males in Union County, SC have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,985. The income inequality in Union County, SC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,493

2017 value

± $2,181

7.27%

1 Year Growth

± 10.4%

Households in Union County, SC have a median annual income of $37,493, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,953 in 2016, which represents a 7.27% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

$56,080

Average Male Salary

± $1,419

$40,985

Average Female Salary

± $1,018

In 2017, full-time male employees in Union County, SC made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Union County, SC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $49,597 ± $53,271

  2. Asian

    $47,877 ± $7,789

  3. White

    $47,332 ± $1,044

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Union County, SC workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Union County, SC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, SC is from South Carolina.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.456

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Carolina was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.695% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 305

  2. Census Tract 309

  3. Census Tract 307

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, SC was Census Tract 305 with a value of $49,063, followed by Census Tract 309 and Census Tract 307, with respective values of $38,650 and $38,125.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, SC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, SC (5.26k out of 27.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,501 ± 292

  2. Black

    2,417 ± 306

  3. Two Or More

    321 ± 159

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, SC is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.7k

2017 Value

± 688

3.65%

1 Year growth

± 7.85%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, SC grew at a rate of 3.65%, from 11.2k employees to 11.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, SC, are Production Occupations (2,116 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,599 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (837 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, SC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, SC, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,116 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,599 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (837 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, SC has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.13 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.33 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.76 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, SC, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($66,250), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($59,063), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($49,491).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.7k

2017 Value

± 688

3.65%

1 Year growth

± 7.85%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, SC grew at a rate of 3.65%, from 11.2k employees to 11.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, SC, are Manufacturing (2,780 people), Retail Trade (1,761 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,433 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, SC, though some of these residents may live in Union County, SC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, SC, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,780 people), Retail Trade (1,761 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,433 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, SC has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.36 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.32 times), and Utilities (1.16 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, SC, by median earnings, are Utilities ($52,500), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($38,594), and Manufacturing ($37,939).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $15.9B

  2. $15.2B

  3. $11.7B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina product (by dollars) was Plastics/rubber with $15.9B, followed by Machinery with $15.2B and Mixed freight and $11.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Carolina state.

$163B

2015 Value

$244B

Projected 2045 Value

49.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Carolina trade was $163B. This is expected to increase 49.4% to $244B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.2B

  2. $13.4B

  3. $5.71B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Carolina with $22.2B, followed by Georgia with $13.4B and Tennessee and $5.71B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.1% of the population of Union County, SC has health coverage, with 40.2% on employee plans, 22.1% on Medicaid, 15.4% on Medicare, 10.8% on non-group plans, and 1.63% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, SC was $7,311 in 2014. This is a 4.15% increase from the previous year ($7,020).

Primary care physicians in Union County, SC see 2315 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.98% increase from the previous year (2144 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 5535 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1064 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.1%). Additionally, Lee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,315 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, SC see an average of 2,315 patients per year. This represents a 7.98% increase from the previous year (2,144 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, SC in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

$7,311

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,235

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,491

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,298

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.15%, from $7,020 to $7,311.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.91%

Uninsured

40.2%

Employer Coverage

22.1%

Medicaid

15.4%

Medicare

10.8%

Non-Group

1.63%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, SC declined by 10.9% from 11.1% to 9.91%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, SC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 20.1% prevalence

  2. 19.6% prevalence

  3. 18.7% prevalence

Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina, at 20.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, SC is home to a population of 27.8k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.807% of Union County, SC residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, SC is composed of 18.1k White Alone residents (65.1%), 8.59k Black or African American Alone residents (30.9%), 673 Two or More Races residents (2.42%), 376 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.35%), 33 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.119%), 17 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0612%), 0 Asian Alone residents (0%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, SC are Spanish or Spanish Creole (146 speakers), German (36 speakers), and Other Indo-European Languages (32 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, SC was 43.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Union County, SC are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, SC residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.807%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0.465%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 0.807% of Union County, SC residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, SC was 0.465%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    68,828 ± 6,396 people

  2. India

    11,778 ± 2,661 people

  3. Philippines

    9,880 ± 2,438 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Union County, SC was Mexico, the natal country of 68,828 Union County, SC residents, followed by India with 11,778 and Philippines with 9,880.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Union County, SC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, SC was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    18.1k ± 23

  2. Black or African American Alone

    8.59k ± 190

  3. Two or More Races

    673 ± 189

In 2017, there were 2.11 times more White Alone residents (18.1k people) in Union County, SC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.59k Black or African American Alone and 673 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, SC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    146 speakers (0.549%)

  2. German

    36 speakers (0.135%)

  3. Other Indo-European Languages

    32 speakers (0.12%)

1.04% of Union County, SC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, SC was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.549% of the overall population of Union County, SC are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.135% speak German and 0.12% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    665 ± 123

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    307 ± 109

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    281 ± 123

Union County, SC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Union County, SC awarded 50 degrees. The student population of Union County, SC is skewed towards women, with 344 male students and 495 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, SC are White (24 and 48%), followed by Black or African American (16 and 32%), Unknown (8 and 16%), and Two or More Races (2 and 4%).

The largest universities in Union County, SC by number of degrees awarded are University of South Carolina-Union (50 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Union County, SC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (50 and 100%).

The median tuition costs in Union County, SC are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 50 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Union County, SC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 50 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Union County, SC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

50 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Union County, SC institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Carolina-Union with 50 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

21

Degrees Awarded to Men

29

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 21 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, SC, which is 0.724 times less than the 29 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Union County, SC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    24 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    16 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    8 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Union County, SC were to White students. These 24 degrees mean that there were 1.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 16 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, SC was $75,600 in 2017, which is 0.347 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $74,500 to $75,600, a 1.48% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, SC is 70.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, SC have an average commute time of 27.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, SC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,493

Median Household Income

± $2,181

11.6k

Number of Households

± 653

In 2017, the median household income of the 11.6k households in Union County, SC grew to $37,493 from the previous year's value of $34,953.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$75,600

2017 Median

± $4,251

$74,500

2016 Median

± $3,519

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, SC grew to to $75,600 from the previous year's value of $74,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, SC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SC the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, SC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.2%

2017 Homeownership

70.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.2% of the housing units in Union County, SC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, SC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, SC have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, SC have a longer commute time (27.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.73% of the workforce in Union County, SC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87%

  2. Carpooled

    10%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.45%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, SC was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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