Union County, NM

County

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2019 Population
4,133
1.01% 1-year decline
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
39.8
1.97% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
19.4%
37.6% 1-year increase
2019 Median Household Income
$35,884
5.41% 1-year decline
2019 Median Property Value
$88,000
8.24% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
1,496
5.79% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Union County, NM had a population of 4.13k people with a median age of 39.8 and a median household income of $35,884. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Union County, NM declined from 4,175 to 4,133, a −1.01% decrease and its median household income declined from $37,936 to $35,884, a −5.41% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, NM are White (Non-Hispanic) (51.3%), White (Hispanic) (35.4%), Other (Hispanic) (4.89%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.9%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (1.52%). 0% of the households in Union County, NM speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 97% of the residents in Union County, NM are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Union County, NM was $88,000, and the homeownership rate was 64.9%. Most people in Union County, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, NM was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Mexico, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Start Year
Y-Axis
−5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in New Mexico. This represents a −5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Mexico across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Union County, NM is home to a population of 4.13k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2019, 20.9% of Union County, NM residents were born outside of the country (863 people).

In 2019, there were 1.45 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.12k people) in Union County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.46k White (Hispanic) and 202 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, NM
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    2.12k ± 57
  2. White (Hispanic)
    1.46k ± 133
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    202 ± 113
42.3%
Hispanic Population
1.75k people

In 2019, there were 1.45 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.12k people) in Union County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.46k White (Hispanic) and 202 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

42.3% of the people in Union County, NM are hispanic (1.75k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

20.9%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
863 people
7.28%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
304 people

As of 2019, 20.9% of Union County, NM residents (863 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, NM was 7.28%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 2.2
49
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.3

In 2019, the median age of all people in Union County, NM was 39.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Union County, NM are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Union County, NM residents was 41.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    136,066 ± 8,757 people
  2. Philippines
    5,001 ± 1,734 people
  3. Germany
    4,087 ± 1,568 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 136,066 New Mexico residents, followed by Philippines with 5,001 and Germany with 4,087.

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Citizenship

97%
2019 Citizenship
94.7%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 97% of Union County, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, NM was 94.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    77 ± 39
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    56 ± 43
  3. Korea
    53 ± 28

Union County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Union County, NM is $35,884. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, NM was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $35,884, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,687. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Union County, NM employs 1.5k people. The largest industries in Union County, NM are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (259 people), Public Administration (185 people), and Educational Services (158 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($66,750), Transportation & Warehousing ($66,750), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation ($65,625).

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,884
2019 value
± $5,089
−5.41%
1 Year Growth
± 19.3%

Households in Union County, NM have a median annual income of $35,884, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,936 in 2018, which represents a −5.41% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Union County, NM compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
$57,655
Average Male Salary in New Mexico
± $2,162
$44,687
Average Female Salary in New Mexico
± $1,775

In 2019, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New Mexico
  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $56,654 ± $67,652
  2. Asian
    $54,278 ± $11,708
  3. White
    $46,374 ± $1,482

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New Mexico.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, NM is from New Mexico.
0.462
2019 Wage GINI in New Mexico
0.462
2018 Wage GINI in New Mexico

In 2019, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.00328% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9502
  2. N/A
  3. N/A

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, NM was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $35,884, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, NM (670 out of 3.45k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    591 ± 148
  2. Hispanic
    494 ± 142
  3. Two Or More
    44 ± 73

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.5k
2019 Value
± 216
−5.79%
1 Year decline
± 21.4%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Union County, NM declined at a rate of −5.79%, from 1.59k employees to 1.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, NM, are Management Occupations (207 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (182 people), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (157 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, NM, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (207 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (182 people), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (157 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (16.1 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (4.13 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2.11 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, NM, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($53,750), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($53,542), and Management Occupations ($52,240).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.5k
2019 Value
± 216
−5.79%
1 Year decline
± 21.4%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Union County, NM declined at a rate of −5.79%, from 1.59k employees to 1.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, NM, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (259 people), Public Administration (185 people), and Educational Services (158 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Union County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, NM, by number of employees, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (259 people), Public Administration (185 people), and Educational Services (158 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, NM has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (14.7 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (5.02 times), and Public Administration (2.68 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, NM, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($66,750), Transportation & Warehousing ($66,750), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation ($65,625).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $23.1B
  2. $22.1B
  3. $14.4B

In 2018, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.1B, followed by Crude petroleum ($22.1B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($14.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico.
$99.1B
2018 Value in New Mexico
$169B
Projected 2045 Value in New Mexico
70.9% growth

In 2018, total outbound New Mexico trade was $99.1B. This is expected to increase 70.9% to $169B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $25.8B
  2. $8.82B
  3. $6.6B

In 2018, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $25.8B, followed by Arizona with $8.82B and Oregon and $6.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, NM went to Donald J. Trump with 71.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (18.8%), followed by Other (9.75%). The most partisan county was Catron County, NM with 71.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New Mexico.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Union County, NM
71.4% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in New Mexico
  1. 71.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 71.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 71.1% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in New Mexico was Catron County, NM with 71.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in New Mexico colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, NM was $88,000 in 2019, which is 0.366 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $81,300 to $88,000, a 8.24% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, NM is 64.9%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Union County, NM have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$88,000
2019 Median
± $21,031
$81,300
2018 Median
± $8,551

In 2019, the median property value in Union County, NM grew to to $88,000 from the previous year's value of $81,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$35,884
Median Household Income
± $5,089
1.4k
Number of Households
± 178

In 2019, the median household income of the 1.4k households in Union County, NM declined from $35,884 from the previous year's value of $37,936.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $20k - $25k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.9%
2019 Homeownership
69.9%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 64.9% of the housing units in Union County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, NM have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.6% of the workforce in Union County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (72.4%)
  2. Carpooled (11.1%)
  3. Walked (6.62%)

In 2019, 72.4% of workers in Union County, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.1%) and those who walked to work (6.62%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, NM have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

86.1% of the population of Union County, NM has health coverage, with 30% on employee plans, 23% on Medicaid, 16.9% on Medicare, 14.8% on non-group plans, and 1.49% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New Mexico was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Comparing across all counties in the state, De Baca County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.3%). Additionally, Guadalupe County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
$7,214
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New Mexico
$4,155
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,445
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,663
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.9%
Uninsured
30%
Employer Coverage
23%
Medicaid
16.9%
Medicare
14.8%
Non-Group
1.49%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, NM declined by 8.92% from 15.2% to 13.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 20.3% prevalence
  2. 19.4% prevalence
  3. 15% prevalence

De Baca County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 20.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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