Union County, IA

County

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2020 Population
12,303
0.445% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Grassley
Republican Party
US Senator
Joni Ernst
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
40.6
0.744% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
11.9%
16.5% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$50,375
0.952% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$109,600
5.38% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
5,846
4.83% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Union County, IA had a population of 12.3k people with a median age of 40.6 and a median household income of $50,375. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Union County, IA declined from 12,358 to 12,303, a −0.445% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,900 to $50,375, a 0.952% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (93.7%), White (Hispanic) (2.07%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.66%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.37%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.943%).

None of the households in Union County, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.2% of the residents in Union County, IA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, IA are Southwestern Community College (407 degrees awarded in 2020).

In 2020, the median property value in Union County, IA was $109,600, and the homeownership rate was 72.3%.

Most people in Union County, IA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 16.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, IA was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Union County, IA is home to a population of 12.3k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2020, 1.7% of Union County, IA residents were born outside of the country (209 people).

In 2020, there were 45.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11.5k people) in Union County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 255 White (Hispanic) and 204 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.2%
2020 Citizenship
98.9%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.2% of Union County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, IA was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    11.5k ± 13
  2. White (Hispanic)
    255 ± 69
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    204 ± 86
3.07%
Hispanic Population
378 people

In 2020, there were 45.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11.5k people) in Union County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 255 White (Hispanic) and 204 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.07% of the people in Union County, IA are hispanic (378 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    41,266 ± 4,955 people
  2. India
    10,872 ± 2,556 people
  3. China
    9,649 ± 2,408 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,266 Iowa residents, followed by India with 10,872 and China with 9,649.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.7%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
209 people
2.31%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
285 people

As of 2020, 1.7% of Union County, IA residents (209 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, IA was 2.31%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    393 ± 121
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    131 ± 66
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    87 ± 49

Union County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Union County, IA employs 5.85k people. The largest industries in Union County, IA are Manufacturing (1,358 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (804 people), and Retail Trade (618 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($95,662), Finance & Insurance ($81,389), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($76,528).

Males in Iowa have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,102. The income inequality in Iowa (measured using the Gini index) is 0.438, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

5.85k
2020 Value
± 428
−4.83%
1 Year decline
± 10.5%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, IA declined at a rate of −4.83%, from 6.14k employees to 5.85k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, IA, are Production Occupations (849 people), Management Occupations (680 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (652 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, IA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

5.85k
2020 Value
± 428
−4.83%
1 Year decline
± 10.5%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, IA declined at a rate of −4.83%, from 6.14k employees to 5.85k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, IA, are Manufacturing (1,358 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (804 people), and Retail Trade (618 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Union County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$44,158
Median earning men ± $2,537
$26,206
Median earning women ± $2,518

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($97,614), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,875), and Public Administration ($56,136).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Construction ($59,286), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,625), and Public Administration ($43,750).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Iowa. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Iowa.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 133
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 104
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 60
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $186k
    Manufacturing
  2. $34.7k
    Wholesale Trade
  3. $33.1k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $20.9B
  2. $19.9B
  3. $18.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Machinery with $20.9B, followed by Mixed freight ($19.9B) and Meat/seafood ($18.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa.
$262B
2020 Value in Iowa
$518B
Projected 2050 Value in Iowa
97.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Iowa trade was $262B. This is expected to increase 97.9% to $518B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $23.7B
  2. $16.5B
  3. $11.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $23.7B, followed by Minnesota with $16.5B and Texas and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, IA went to Donald J. Trump with 65.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (33.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.986%).

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing the state of Iowa. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Iowa

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Chuck Grassley
Senator from Iowa3
Assumed office on January 3, 1981
Joni Ernst
Senator from Iowa2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing Iowa.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Iowa over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Iowa

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Iowa have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Union County, IA awarded 407 degrees. The student population of Union County, IA in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 582 male students and 921 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, IA are White (355 and 87.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (19 and 4.7%), Black or African American (16 and 3.96%), and Unknown (6 and 1.49%).

The largest universities in Union County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Southwestern Community College (407 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Union County, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (120 and 29.5%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (45 and 11.1%), and Registered Nursing (38 and 9.34%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2020 there were 1,503 students enrolled in Union County, IA, 38.7% men and 61.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,257 records, of which 63.2% were women and 36.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 120 degree-majors awarded
  2. 38 degree-majors awarded
  3. 19 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Union County, IA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 120 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Union County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
407 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southwestern Community College with 407 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2020, 186 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, IA, which is 0.842 times less than the 221 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 355 degrees mean that there were 18.7 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 19 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($5,520) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($390) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,330) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Measure

In 2020, 0.541% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.593% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (734k), Some college (566k), and Bachelors Degree (451k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Union County, IA was $109,600 in 2020, which is 0.477 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $104,000 to $109,600, a 5.38% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, IA is 72.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Union County, IA have an average commute time of 16.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, IA is $50,375. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, IA was Census Tract 1903 with a value of $71,500, followed by Census Tract 1901 and Census Tract 1904, with respective values of $57,014 and $48,495.

In 2021, 9.51% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, IA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 5.29%.

Property

$109,600
Median Property Value 2020
±$7,008
$3,759
Median Property Taxes
±$329

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

72.3%
Homeownership
2020
57.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 72.3% of the housing units in Union County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 1903
  2. Census Tract 1901
  3. Census Tract 1904

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, IA was Census Tract 1903 with a value of $71,500, followed by Census Tract 1901 and Census Tract 1904, with respective values of $57,014 and $48,495.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$50,375
Median Household Income
± $4,030
5.2k
Number of Households
± 415

In 2020, the median household income of the 5.2k households in Union County, IA grew to $50,375 from the previous year's value of $49,900.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, IA is from Iowa.
0.438
2020 Wage GINI in Iowa
0.442
2019 Wage GINI in Iowa

In 2020, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.438 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.914% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (77.8%)
  2. Carpooled (10.5%)
  3. Walked (7.3%)

In 2020, 77.8% of workers in Union County, IA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.5%) and those who walked to work (7.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

16.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, IA have a shorter commute time (16.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.37% of the workforce in Union County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, IA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 9.51% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, IA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 5.29%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, IA (1.43k out of 12k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 16.1% of the children was living in poverty in Union County, IA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 4.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 219 in Union County, IA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator grew 24.1 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

93.4% of the population of Union County, IA has health coverage, with 42.9% on employee plans, 17% on Medicaid, 14.3% on Medicare, 17.4% on non-group plans, and 1.77% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Iowa was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Union County, IA see 1236 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.723% decrease from the previous year (1245 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2448 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 453 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Iowa. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Iowa, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,236 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, IA

Primary care physicians in Union County, IA see an average of 1,236 patients per year. This represents a 0.723% decrease from the previous year (1,245 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, IA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Iowa across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24% under 18 years, 19.5% between 18 and 34 years, 36.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.61%
Uninsured
42.9%
Employer Coverage
17%
Medicaid
14.3%
Medicare
17.4%
Non-Group
1.77%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, IA grew by 6.91% from 6.18% to 6.61%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was N/A in Union County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, IA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.9% in Union County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, IA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 6.06% in Union County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, IA.

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