Union County, GA

County

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2019 Population
23,288
2.25% 1-year growth
US Senator
Jon Ossoff
Democratic Party
US Senator
Raphael Warnock
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
54.3
0.742% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
14.4%
0.173% 1-year increase
2019 Median Household Income
$50,021
11.2% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$196,500
0.355% 1-year decline
2019 Employed Population
8,606
6% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Union County, GA had a population of 23.3k people with a median age of 54.3 and a median household income of $50,021. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Union County, GA grew from 22,775 to 23,288, a 2.25% increase and its median household income grew from $44,978 to $50,021, a 11.2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, GA are White (Non-Hispanic) (93.9%), White (Hispanic) (3.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.22%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.743%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.55%). 0% of the households in Union County, GA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

98.2% of the residents in Union County, GA are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Union County, GA was $196,500, and the homeownership rate was 77.2%. Most people in Union County, GA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, GA was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Union County, GA is home to a population of 23.3k people, from which 98.2% are citizens. As of 2019, 7.91% of Union County, GA residents were born outside of the country (1.84k people).

In 2019, there were 30.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.9k people) in Union County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 721 White (Hispanic) and 285 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, GA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    21.9k ± 16
  2. White (Hispanic)
    721 ± 66
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    285 ± 80.6
3.31%
Hispanic Population
771 people

In 2019, there were 30.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.9k people) in Union County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 721 White (Hispanic) and 285 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.31% of the people in Union County, GA are hispanic (771 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, GA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.91%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.84k people
2.86%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
651 people

As of 2019, 7.91% of Union County, GA residents (1.84k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, GA was 2.86%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

55
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
34
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 16.4

In 2019, the median age of all people in Union County, GA was 54.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 55, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Union County, GA are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Union County, GA residents was 54.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    246,708 ± 12,049 people
  2. India
    94,981 ± 7,532 people
  3. Korea
    42,867 ± 5,073 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 246,708 Georgia residents, followed by India with 94,981 and Korea with 42,867.

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Citizenship

98.2%
2019 Citizenship
98.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 98.2% of Union County, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, GA was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,060 ± 173
  2. Korea
    287 ± 113
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    159 ± 96

Union County, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Georgia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Georgia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Georgia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Georgia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Georgia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Georgia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Union County, GA is $50,021. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Union County, GA was Census Tract 2.01 with a value of $55,110, followed by Census Tract 2.05 and Census Tract 1.02, with respective values of $53,103 and $52,422.

Males in Georgia have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,410. The income inequality in Georgia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Union County, GA employs 8.61k people. The largest industries in Union County, GA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,406 people), Construction (1,210 people), and Retail Trade (1,087 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($85,046), Transportation & Warehousing ($70,250), and Information ($61,250).

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,021
2019 value
± $4,384
11.2%
1 Year Growth
± 13.7%

Households in Union County, GA have a median annual income of $50,021, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,978 in 2018, which represents a 11.2% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Union County, GA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
$67,215
Average Male Salary in Georgia
± $1,246
$49,410
Average Female Salary in Georgia
± $863

In 2019, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Georgia
  1. Asian
    $64,371 ± $3,992
  2. White
    $58,053 ± $1,010
  3. Two or More Races
    $45,559 ± $4,644

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Georgia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, GA is from Georgia.
0.477
2019 Wage GINI in Georgia
0.478
2018 Wage GINI in Georgia

In 2019, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.199% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 2.01
  2. Census Tract 2.05
  3. Census Tract 1.02

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, GA was Census Tract 2.01 with a value of $55,110, followed by Census Tract 2.05 and Census Tract 1.02, with respective values of $53,103 and $52,422.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males < 5
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, GA (3.27k out of 22.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males < 5, followed by Females 65 - 74 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,989 ± 384
  2. Hispanic
    234 ± 156
  3. Two Or More
    160 ± 145

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, GA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.61k
2019 Value
± 718
6%
1 Year growth
± 12%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Union County, GA grew at a rate of 6%, from 8.12k employees to 8.61k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,065 people), Management Occupations (1,056 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (765 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, GA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,065 people), Management Occupations (1,056 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (765 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.97 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (2.12 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.88 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, GA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($106,900), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($80,116), and Community & Social Service Occupations ($70,893).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.61k
2019 Value
± 718
6%
1 Year growth
± 12%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Union County, GA grew at a rate of 6%, from 8.12k employees to 8.61k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, GA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,406 people), Construction (1,210 people), and Retail Trade (1,087 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, GA, though some of these residents may live in Union County, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, GA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,406 people), Construction (1,210 people), and Retail Trade (1,087 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, GA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.11 times higher than expected), Construction (2.15 times), and Utilities (2.12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, GA, by median earnings, are Wholesale Trade ($85,046), Transportation & Warehousing ($70,250), and Information ($61,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $64B
  2. $52.9B
  3. $50.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $64B, followed by Mixed freight ($52.9B) and Electronics ($50.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia.
$573B
2018 Value in Georgia
$1.16T
Projected 2045 Value in Georgia
103% growth

In 2018, total outbound Georgia trade was $573B. This is expected to increase 103% to $1.16T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $44.2B
  2. $27.4B
  3. $27.4B

In 2018, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $44.2B, followed by South Carolina with $27.4B and Alabama and $27.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, GA went to Donald J. Trump with 81.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (16.3%), followed by Other (2.06%). The most partisan county was Glascock County, GA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock are the senators currently representing the state of Georgia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Georgia is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Georgia.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Union County, GA
81.7% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Georgia
  1. 88.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Georgia was Glascock County, GA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Georgia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Georgia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Jon Ossoff
Senator from Georgia2
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Raphael Warnock
Senator from Georgia3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Elected to the seat to succeed Kelly Loeffler, who had been appointed to the seat following Johnny Isakson's resignation.

Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock are the senators currently representing Georgia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Georgia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Georgia

Georgia is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Georgia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, GA was $196,500 in 2019, which is 0.817 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $197,200 to $196,500, a 0.355% decrease. The homeownership rate in Union County, GA is 77.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Union County, GA have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$196,500
2019 Median
± $9,998
$197,200
2018 Median
± $11,168

In 2019, the median property value in Union County, GA declined from to $196,500 from the previous year's value of $197,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$50,021
Median Household Income
± $4,384
9.74k
Number of Households
± 686

In 2019, the median household income of the 9.74k households in Union County, GA grew to $50,021 from the previous year's value of $44,978.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.2%
2019 Homeownership
77.9%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 77.2% of the housing units in Union County, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 77.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, GA have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 6% of the workforce in Union County, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (78.6%)
  2. Carpooled (11.2%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.76%)

In 2019, 78.6% of workers in Union County, GA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.2%) and those who worked at home (7.76%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, GA have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

87.3% of the population of Union County, GA has health coverage, with 28.9% on employee plans, 14.2% on Medicaid, 25.9% on Medicare, 15.8% on non-group plans, and 2.49% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Georgia was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Union County, GA see 1500 patients per year on average, which represents a 21.5% increase from the previous year (1235 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3064 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1362 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Telfair County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (25.8%). Additionally, Candler County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (53.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,500 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, GA

Primary care physicians in Union County, GA see an average of 1,500 patients per year. This represents a 21.5% increase from the previous year (1,235 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, GA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
$6,587
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Georgia
$4,406
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,199
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,429
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.7%
Uninsured
28.9%
Employer Coverage
14.2%
Medicaid
25.9%
Medicare
15.8%
Non-Group
2.49%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, GA grew by 1.67% from 12.5% to 12.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 25.8% prevalence
  2. 25.5% prevalence
  3. 24.2% prevalence

Telfair County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 25.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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