Union County, AR

County

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2022 Population
38,815
1.14% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Boozman
Republican Party
US Senator
Tom Cotton
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
41.3
0.242% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
18.6%
0.54% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$49,745
7.11% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$110,900
24.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
16,232
4.24% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Union County, AR had a population of 38.8k people with a median age of 41.3 and a median household income of $49,745. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Union County, AR declined from 39,262 to 38,815, a −1.14% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,444 to $49,745, a 7.11% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, AR are White (Non-Hispanic) (60.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (32.4%), White (Hispanic) (2.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.24%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.77%).

None of the households in Union County, AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.4% of the residents in Union County, AR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, AR are South Arkansas Community College (704 degrees awarded in 2022) and Professional Cosmetology Education Center (18 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Union County, AR was $110,900, and the homeownership rate was 72.7%.

Most people in Union County, AR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, AR was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Union County, AR is home to a population of 38.8k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.75% of Union County, AR residents were born outside of the country (1.07k people).

In 2022, there were 1.86 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (23.4k people) in Union County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.01k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.4%
2022 Citizenship
98.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.4% of Union County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, AR was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, AR
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    23.4k ± 128
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    12.6k ± 215
  3. White (Hispanic)
    1.01k ± 294
4.11%
Hispanic Population
1.6k people

In 2022, there were 1.86 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (23.4k people) in Union County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.01k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.11% of the people in Union County, AR are hispanic (1.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    62,018 ± 6,050 people
  2. El Salvador
    15,360 ± 3,035 people
  3. India
    9,985 ± 2,449 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,018 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 15,360 and India with 9,985.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.75%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.07k people
2.54%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
996 people

As of 2022, 2.75% of Union County, AR residents (1.07k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, AR was 2.54%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    657 ± 155
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    434 ± 146
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    307 ± 146

Union County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Union County, AR employs 16.2k people. The largest industries in Union County, AR are Manufacturing (2,997 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,724 people), and Retail Trade (2,098 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($74,777), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,167), and Manufacturing ($52,013).

Males in Arkansas have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,335. The income inequality in Arkansas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

16.2k
2022 Value
± 1,014
4.24%
1 Year growth
± 8.57%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, AR grew at a rate of 4.24%, from 15.6k employees to 16.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,008 people), Production Occupations (1,899 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,340 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, AR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arkansas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

16.2k
2022 Value
± 1,014
4.24%
1 Year growth
± 8.57%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, AR grew at a rate of 4.24%, from 15.6k employees to 16.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, AR, are Manufacturing (2,997 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,724 people), and Retail Trade (2,098 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Union County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,767
Median earning men ± $3,961
$29,684
Median earning women ± $2,297

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($74,405), Manufacturing ($61,891), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($59,375).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($37,212), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($35,862), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($33,541).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Y-Axis
2.24%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.35M people employed in Arkansas. This represents a 2.24% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.69%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arkansas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 412
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 237
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 225
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, AR went to Donald J. Trump with 63.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (33.6%), followed by Other (2.19%).

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing the state of Arkansas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arkansas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
John Boozman
Senator from Arkansas3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tom Cotton
Senator from Arkansas2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing Arkansas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arkansas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arkansas

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arkansas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Union County, AR awarded 722 degrees. The student population of Union County, AR in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 370 male students and 819 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, AR are White (415 and 58.9%), followed by Black or African American (196 and 27.8%), Hispanic or Latino (45 and 6.39%), and Unknown (18 and 2.56%).

The largest universities in Union County, AR by number of degrees awarded are South Arkansas Community College (704 and 97.5%) and Professional Cosmetology Education Center (18 and 2.49%).

The most popular majors in Union County, AR are Welding Technology (129 and 17.9%), General Health Services (94 and 13%), and Emergency Medical Technician (EMT Paramedic) (74 and 10.2%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 1,189 students enrolled in Union County, AR, 31.1% men and 68.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 627 records, of which 63% were women and 37% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Union County, AR was General Health Services with 94 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Union County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 704 degrees awarded
  2. 18 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was South Arkansas Community College with 704 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 302 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, AR, which is 0.719 times less than the 420 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 415 degrees mean that there were 2.12 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 196 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($2,328) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($996) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,646) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Measure

In 2022, 0.946% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.851% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (793k), Some college (528k), and Secondary Education (350k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, AR was $110,900 in 2022, which is 0.393 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $89,200 to $110,900, a 24.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, AR is 72.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Union County, AR have an average commute time of 19.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, AR is $49,745. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, AR was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $58,304, followed by Census Tract 9508 and Census Tract 9506, with respective values of $58,065 and $53,571.

In 2022, 17% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.839%.

Property

$110,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,989
$10,868
Median Property Taxes
±$739

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

72.7%
Homeownership
2022
65.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 72.7% of the housing units in Union County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9503
  2. Census Tract 9508
  3. Census Tract 9506

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, AR was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $58,304, followed by Census Tract 9508 and Census Tract 9506, with respective values of $58,065 and $53,571.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$49,745
Median Household Income
± $5,298
14.9k
Number of Households
± 843

In 2022, the median household income of the 14.9k households in Union County, AR grew to $49,745 from the previous year's value of $46,444.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, AR is from Arkansas.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Arkansas
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Arkansas

In 2022, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.376% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (85.6%)
  2. Carpooled (6.74%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.28%)

In 2022, 85.6% of workers in Union County, AR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.74%) and those who worked at home (5.28%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, AR have a shorter commute time (19.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.76% of the workforce in Union County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, AR have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 17% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.839%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, AR (7.14k out of 38.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females < 5.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, AR is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 21.8% of the children was living in poverty in Union County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 8.4%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 583 in Union County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 12.3 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

93.8% of the population of Union County, AR has health coverage, with 41.1% on employee plans, 24.7% on Medicaid, 14.5% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.24% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Union County, AR see 1547 patients per year on average, which represents a 9.05% decrease from the previous year (1701 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2248 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 524 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.5% were men and 52.5% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,547 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, AR

Primary care physicians in Union County, AR see an average of 1,547 patients per year. This represents a 9.05% decrease from the previous year (1,701 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, AR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.5% under 18 years, 18.4% between 18 and 34 years, 38% between 35 and 64 years, and 18% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.5% were men and 52.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.18%
Uninsured
41.1%
Employer Coverage
24.7%
Medicaid
14.5%
Medicare
12.2%
Non-Group
1.24%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, AR declined by 16% from 7.35% to 6.18%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 93.7 in Union County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, AR.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 37.5% in Union County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, AR.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 9.16% in Union County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, AR.

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