Tyler, TX

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Population

222,277

1.15% growth

Median Age

36.6


Median Household Income

$50,742

4.23% growth

Poverty Rate

16.3%


Number of Employees

98,488

1.43% growth

Median Property Value

$144,800

5.23% growth

About

In 2017, Tyler, TX had a population of 222k people with a median age of 36.6 and a median household income of $50,742. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Tyler, TX grew from 219,745 to 222,277, a 1.15% increase and its median household income grew from $48,683 to $50,742, a 4.23% increase.

The population of Tyler, TX is 60.3% White Alone, 19% Hispanic or Latino, and 17.4% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Tyler, TX speak a non-English language, and 94.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tyler, TX are The University of Texas at Tyler (2,276 degrees awarded in 2016), Tyler Junior College (2,161 degrees), and Texas College (126 degrees).

The median property value in Tyler, TX is $144,800, and the homeownership rate is 65.9%. Most people in Tyler, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23 minutes. The average car ownership in Tyler, TX is 2 cars per household.

Tyler, TX borders Longview, TX, Athens, TX, and Jacksonville, TX.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Tyler, TX employs 98.5k people. The largest industries in Tyler, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,064 people), Retail Trade (13,454 people), and Educational Services (9,276 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($62,000), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,897), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,433).

Median household income in Tyler, TX is $50,742. Males in Tyler, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Tyler, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,742

2017 value

± $1,276

4.23%

1 Year Growth

± 4.25%

Households in Tyler, TX have a median annual income of $50,742, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,683 in 2016, which represents a 4.23% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Tyler, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tyler, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tyler, TX was Collin County, TX with a value of $94,933, followed by Rockwall County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $94,848 and $90,845.

The following map shows all of the counties in Tyler, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tyler, TX (35.4k out of 217k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    23,643 ± 1,343

  2. Hispanic

    11,201 ± 849

  3. Black

    10,368 ± 793

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tyler, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

98.5k

2017 Value

± 2,497

1.43%

1 Year growth

± 3.53%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tyler, TX grew at a rate of 1.43%, from 97.1k employees to 98.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tyler, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (11,439 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,246 people), and Management Occupations (8,416 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tyler, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Tyler, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (11,439 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,246 people), and Management Occupations (8,416 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Tyler, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.46 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.34 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Tyler, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($66,940), Legal Occupations ($66,477), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($63,325).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

98.5k

2017 Value

± 2,497

1.43%

1 Year growth

± 3.53%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tyler, TX grew at a rate of 1.43%, from 97.1k employees to 98.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tyler, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,064 people), Retail Trade (13,454 people), and Educational Services (9,276 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tyler, TX, though some of these residents may live in Tyler, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Tyler, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,064 people), Retail Trade (13,454 people), and Educational Services (9,276 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Tyler, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.49 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.25 times), and Retail Trade (1.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Tyler, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($62,000), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,897), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,433).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

82.4% of the population of Tyler, TX has health coverage, with 42.5% on employee plans, 14.1% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 1.29% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Tyler, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Tyler, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17.6%

Uninsured

42.5%

Employer Coverage

14.1%

Medicaid

11.8%

Medicare

12.7%

Non-Group

1.29%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tyler, TX declined by 5.76% from 18.6% to 17.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tyler, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Tyler, TX is home to a population of 222k people, from which 94.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.3% of Tyler, TX residents were born outside of the country (18.5k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Tyler, TX is composed of 134k White Alone residents (60.3%), 42.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (19%), 38.7k Black or African American Alone residents (17.4%), 3.5k Asian Alone residents (1.57%), 2.58k Two or More Races residents (1.16%), 730 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.328%), 246 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.111%), and 231 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.104%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Tyler, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Tyler, TX was 36.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Tyler, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Tyler, TX residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

18.5k people

7.97%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

17.5k people

As of 2017, 8.3% of Tyler, TX residents (18.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tyler, TX was 7.97%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tyler, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

94.5%

2017 Citizenship

94.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.5% of Tyler, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Tyler, TX was 94.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tyler, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    134k ± 81

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    42.1k ± 1.31k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    38.7k ± 585

In 2017, there were 3.18 times more White Alone residents (134k people) in Tyler, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 42.1k Hispanic or Latino and 38.7k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Tyler, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Tyler, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Tyler, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Tyler, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,616 ± 441

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,805 ± 363

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,745 ± 296

Tyler, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Tyler, TX awarded 4,644 degrees. The student population of Tyler, TX is skewed towards women, with 9,404 male students and 12,979 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tyler, TX are White (2,640 and 59.6%), followed by Black or African American (762 and 17.2%), Hispanic or Latino (657 and 14.8%), and Two or More Races (222 and 5.01%).

The largest universities in Tyler, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at Tyler (2,276 and 49%), Tyler Junior College (2,161 and 46.5%), and Texas College (126 and 2.71%).

The most popular majors in Tyler, TX are General Studies (485 and 10.4%), General Business Administration & Management (459 and 9.88%), and Registered Nursing (394 and 8.48%).

The median tuition costs in Tyler, TX are $8,208 for private four year colleges, and $4,080 and $10,665 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 282 degrees awarded

  2. 134 degrees awarded

  3. 113 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tyler, TX was Registered Nursing with 282 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tyler, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,276 degrees awarded

  2. 2,161 degrees awarded

  3. 126 degrees awarded

$4,080

Median In-State Public

$8,208

Median Private

In 2016, the Tyler, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at Tyler with 2,276 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,822

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,822

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,822 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tyler, TX, which is 0.646 times less than the 2,822 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Tyler, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,640 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    762 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    657 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Tyler, TX were to White students. These 2,640 degrees mean that there were 3.46 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 762 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tyler, TX was $144,800 in 2017, which is 0.665 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $137,600 to $144,800, a 5.23% increase. The homeownership rate in Tyler, TX is 65.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Tyler, TX have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Tyler, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,742

Median Household Income

± $1,276

77.8k

Number of Households

± 2,094

In 2017, the median household income of the 77.8k households in Tyler, TX grew to $50,742 from the previous year's value of $48,683.

The following chart displays the households in Tyler, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$144,800

2017 Median

± $3,365

$137,600

2016 Median

± $3,587

In 2017, the median property value in Tyler, TX grew to to $144,800 from the previous year's value of $137,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Tyler, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tyler, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Tyler, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tyler, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

65.9%

2017 Homeownership

65.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.9% of the housing units in Tyler, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Tyler, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tyler, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tyler, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tyler, TX have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.77% of the workforce in Tyler, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tyler, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.53%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.45%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Tyler, TX was Drove Alone (83.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.53%) and those who Worked At Home (3.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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