Tuscaloosa, AL

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Population

239,589

0.807% growth

Median Age

33.6


Median Household Income

$48,344

6.61% growth

Poverty Rate

18.4%


Number of Employees

103,096

0.908% growth

Median Property Value

$152,300

1.13% growth

About

In 2017, Tuscaloosa, AL had a population of 240k people with a median age of 33.6 and a median household income of $48,344. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Tuscaloosa, AL grew from 237,672 to 239,589, a 0.807% increase and its median household income grew from $45,348 to $48,344, a 6.61% increase.

The population of Tuscaloosa, AL is 60.3% White Alone, 33.7% Black or African American Alone, and 3.4% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Tuscaloosa, AL speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tuscaloosa, AL are The University of Alabama (9,088 degrees awarded in 2016), Shelton State Community College (659 degrees), and Stillman College (121 degrees).

The median property value in Tuscaloosa, AL is $152,300, and the homeownership rate is 64.6%. Most people in Tuscaloosa, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Tuscaloosa, AL is 2 cars per household.

Tuscaloosa, AL borders Columbus, MS and Birmingham-Hoover, AL.

About the photo: Lake Harris Spillway

Economy

The economy of Tuscaloosa, AL employs 103k people. The largest industries in Tuscaloosa, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,604 people), Manufacturing (15,232 people), and Educational Services (15,024 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,533), Utilities ($60,690), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($59,194).

Median household income in Tuscaloosa, AL is $48,344. Males in Tuscaloosa, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Tuscaloosa, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,344

2017 value

± $1,004

6.61%

1 Year Growth

± 3.07%

Households in Tuscaloosa, AL have a median annual income of $48,344, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,348 in 2016, which represents a 6.61% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Tuscaloosa, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tuscaloosa, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tuscaloosa, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $73,031, followed by Madison County, AL and Elmore County, AL, with respective values of $62,312 and $60,558.

The following map shows all of the counties in Tuscaloosa, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tuscaloosa, AL (41.8k out of 228k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    22,292 ± 1,073

  2. White

    17,161 ± 985

  3. Hispanic

    1,790 ± 384

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tuscaloosa, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

103k

2017 Value

± 2,379

0.908%

1 Year growth

± 3.25%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tuscaloosa, AL grew at a rate of 0.908%, from 102k employees to 103k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tuscaloosa, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,391 people), Production Occupations (9,381 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,363 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tuscaloosa, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Tuscaloosa, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,391 people), Production Occupations (9,381 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,363 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Tuscaloosa, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.82 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.57 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Tuscaloosa, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,188), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,903), and Management Occupations ($59,926).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

103k

2017 Value

± 2,379

0.908%

1 Year growth

± 3.25%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tuscaloosa, AL grew at a rate of 0.908%, from 102k employees to 103k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tuscaloosa, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,604 people), Manufacturing (15,232 people), and Educational Services (15,024 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tuscaloosa, AL, though some of these residents may live in Tuscaloosa, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Tuscaloosa, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,604 people), Manufacturing (15,232 people), and Educational Services (15,024 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Tuscaloosa, AL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.57 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.49 times), and Manufacturing (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Tuscaloosa, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,533), Utilities ($60,690), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($59,194).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.2% of the population of Tuscaloosa, AL has health coverage, with 51% on employee plans, 14.9% on Medicaid, 9.82% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 1.37% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Tuscaloosa, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Tuscaloosa, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.8%

Uninsured

51%

Employer Coverage

14.9%

Medicaid

9.82%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

1.37%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tuscaloosa, AL declined by 11.3% from 9.92% to 8.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tuscaloosa, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Tuscaloosa, AL is home to a population of 240k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.52% of Tuscaloosa, AL residents were born outside of the country (8.42k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Tuscaloosa, AL is composed of 144k White Alone residents (60.3%), 80.8k Black or African American Alone residents (33.7%), 8.15k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.4%), 3.16k Asian Alone residents (1.32%), 2.44k Two or More Races residents (1.02%), 297 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.124%), 265 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.111%), and 77 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0321%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Tuscaloosa, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

34

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Tuscaloosa, AL was 33.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Tuscaloosa, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Tuscaloosa, AL residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.52%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.42k people

3.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7.6k people

As of 2017, 3.52% of Tuscaloosa, AL residents (8.42k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tuscaloosa, AL was 3.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tuscaloosa, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Tuscaloosa, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Tuscaloosa, AL was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tuscaloosa, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    144k ± 251

  2. Black or African American Alone

    80.8k ± 319

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    8.15k ± 1.18k

In 2017, there were 1.79 times more White Alone residents (144k people) in Tuscaloosa, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 80.8k Black or African American Alone and 8.15k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Tuscaloosa, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Tuscaloosa, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Tuscaloosa, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Tuscaloosa, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,910 ± 365

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,219 ± 351

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,990 ± 332

Tuscaloosa, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.76 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Tuscaloosa, AL awarded 9,898 degrees. The student population of Tuscaloosa, AL is skewed towards women, with 18,974 male students and 24,174 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tuscaloosa, AL are White (7,596 and 79.9%), followed by Black or African American (1,214 and 12.8%), Hispanic or Latino (284 and 2.99%), and Two or More Races (182 and 1.91%).

The largest universities in Tuscaloosa, AL by number of degrees awarded are The University of Alabama (9,088 and 91.8%), Shelton State Community College (659 and 6.66%), and Stillman College (121 and 1.22%).

The most popular majors in Tuscaloosa, AL are General Business Administration & Management (649 and 6.56%), Registered Nursing (433 and 4.37%), and General Marketing & Marketing Management (432 and 4.36%).

The median tuition costs in Tuscaloosa, AL are $9,548 for private four year colleges, and $10,470 and $26,950 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 361 degrees awarded

  2. 354 degrees awarded

  3. 513 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tuscaloosa, AL was General Marketing & Marketing Management with 361 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tuscaloosa, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,088 degrees awarded

  2. 659 degrees awarded

  3. 121 degrees awarded

$10,470

Median In-State Public

$9,548

Median Private

In 2016, the Tuscaloosa, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Alabama with 9,088 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,240

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,658

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 4,240 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tuscaloosa, AL, which is 0.749 times less than the 5,658 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Tuscaloosa, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,596 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,214 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    284 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Tuscaloosa, AL were to White students. These 7,596 degrees mean that there were 6.26 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,214 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tuscaloosa, AL was $152,300 in 2017, which is 0.7 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $150,600 to $152,300, a 1.13% increase. The homeownership rate in Tuscaloosa, AL is 64.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Tuscaloosa, AL have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Tuscaloosa, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,344

Median Household Income

± $1,004

84.8k

Number of Households

± 1,917

In 2017, the median household income of the 84.8k households in Tuscaloosa, AL grew to $48,344 from the previous year's value of $45,348.

The following chart displays the households in Tuscaloosa, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$152,300

2017 Median

± $2,594

$150,600

2016 Median

± $2,219

In 2017, the median property value in Tuscaloosa, AL grew to to $152,300 from the previous year's value of $150,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Tuscaloosa, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tuscaloosa, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Tuscaloosa, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tuscaloosa, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.6%

2017 Homeownership

64.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.6% of the housing units in Tuscaloosa, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Tuscaloosa, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tuscaloosa, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tuscaloosa, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tuscaloosa, AL have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.32% of the workforce in Tuscaloosa, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tuscaloosa, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.47%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.09%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Tuscaloosa, AL was Drove Alone (85.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.47%) and those who Worked At Home (3.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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