Trenton City PUMA, NJ

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Population

121,304

0.382% growth

Median Age

34.8


Median Household Income

$46,193

3.85% growth

Poverty Rate

22.4%


Number of Employees

49,710

1.21% growth

Median Property Value

$158,800

1.67% decline

About

In 2017, Trenton City PUMA, NJ had a population of 121k people with a median age of 34.8 and a median household income of $46,193. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Trenton City PUMA, NJ grew from 120,842 to 121,304, a 0.382% increase and its median household income grew from $44,482 to $46,193, a 3.85% increase.

The population of Trenton City PUMA, NJ is 42.4% Black or African American Alone, 27.7% Hispanic or Latino, and 26.2% White Alone. 31.8% of the people in Trenton City PUMA, NJ speak a non-English language, and 85.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Trenton City PUMA, NJ are Thomas Edison State University (3,113 degrees awarded in 2016), The College of New Jersey (2,228 degrees), and Saint Francis Medical Center School of Nursing (29 degrees).

The median property value in Trenton City PUMA, NJ is $158,800, and the homeownership rate is 47.7%. Most people in Trenton City PUMA, NJ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Trenton City PUMA, NJ is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: State Capitol Rotunda, Trenton, NJ

Economy

The economy of Trenton City PUMA, NJ employs 49.7k people. The largest industries in Trenton City PUMA, NJ are Restaurants & Food Services (3,718 people), Construction (2,918 people), and Hospitals (2,619 people), and the highest paying industries are Wired telecommunications carriers ($111,284), Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping & payroll services ($85,348), and Offices of physicians ($84,373).

Median household income in Trenton City PUMA, NJ is $46,193. Males in Trenton City PUMA, NJ have an average income that is 0.995 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,120. The income inequality in Trenton City PUMA, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.445, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,193

2017 value

± $2,209

3.85%

1 Year Growth

± 7.02%

Households in Trenton City PUMA, NJ have a median annual income of $46,193, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,482 in 2016, which represents a 3.85% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Trenton City PUMA, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$46,893

Average Male Salary

± $6,946

$47,120

Average Female Salary

± $6,901

In 2017, full-time male employees in Trenton City PUMA, NJ made 0.995 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Trenton City PUMA, NJ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $45,559 ± $27,360

  2. White

    $44,014 ± $7,005

  3. Two or More Races

    $40,158 ± $36,937

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Trenton City PUMA, NJ workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Trenton City PUMA, NJ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.445

2017 Wage GINI

0.443

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was 0.445 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.437% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Trenton City PUMA, NJ was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Trenton City PUMA, NJ in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Trenton City PUMA, NJ across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was Ridgewood Village, Glen Rock & Westwood Boroughs PUMA, NJ with a value of $146,691, followed by Somerset County (North & West) PUMA, NJ and Morristown Town, Madison & Florham Park Boroughs PUMA, NJ, with respective values of $141,315 and $139,109.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Trenton City PUMA, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Trenton City PUMA, NJ (25.5k out of 114k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    11,555 ± 777

  2. White

    11,024 ± 854

  3. Hispanic

    9,372 ± 709

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Trenton City PUMA, NJ is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

49.7k

2017 Value

1.21%

1 Year growth

± 1.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Trenton City PUMA, NJ grew at a rate of 1.21%, from 49.1k employees to 49.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Trenton City PUMA, NJ, are Cashiers (1,885 people), Grounds maintenance workers (1,845 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,699 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Trenton City PUMA, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Trenton City PUMA, NJ, by number of employees, are Cashiers (1,885 people), Grounds maintenance workers (1,845 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,699 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Trenton City PUMA, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Roofers (10.1 times higher than expected), Postal service mail sorters, processors, & processing machine operators (6.61 times), and Grounds maintenance workers (5.02 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Trenton City PUMA, NJ, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($201,165), Human resources managers ($188,076), and Chief executives & legislators ($102,143).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

49.7k

2017 Value

1.21%

1 Year growth

± 1.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Trenton City PUMA, NJ grew at a rate of 1.21%, from 49.1k employees to 49.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Trenton City PUMA, NJ, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,718 people), Construction (2,918 people), and Hospitals (2,619 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Trenton City PUMA, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Trenton City PUMA, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Trenton City PUMA, NJ, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,718 people), Construction (2,918 people), and Hospitals (2,619 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Trenton City PUMA, NJ has an unusually high number of Public finance activities (6.3 times higher than expected), Landscaping services (5.11 times), and Other general government & support (3.66 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Trenton City PUMA, NJ, by average salary, are Wired telecommunications carriers ($111,284), Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping & payroll services ($85,348), and Offices of physicians ($84,373).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $36.5B

  3. $35.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $48.1B, followed by Electronics ($36.5B) and Motorized vehicles ($35.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey state.

$467B

2015 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

57.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Jersey trade was $467B. This is expected to increase 57.1% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $70.5B

  2. $48.9B

  3. $16.6B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $70.5B, followed by Pennsylvania with $48.9B and California and $16.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.3% of the population of Trenton City PUMA, NJ has health coverage, with 40.2% on employee plans, 27.2% on Medicaid, 8.2% on Medicare, 7.42% on non-group plans, and 0.36% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Trenton City PUMA, NJ was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Trenton City PUMA, NJ see 1184 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1171 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1187 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 534 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

1,184 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see an average of 1,184 patients per year. This represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1,171 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Jersey in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.7%

Uninsured

40.2%

Employer Coverage

27.2%

Medicaid

8.2%

Medicare

7.42%

Non-Group

0.36%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Trenton City PUMA, NJ stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 16.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Trenton City PUMA, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Trenton City PUMA, NJ is home to a population of 121k people, from which 85.5% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Trenton City PUMA, NJ residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Trenton City PUMA, NJ is composed of 51.4k Black or African American Alone residents (42.4%), 33.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (27.7%), 31.8k White Alone residents (26.2%), 2.92k Asian Alone residents (2.4%), 1.31k Two or More Races residents (1.08%), 203 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.167%), 80 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.066%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Trenton City PUMA, NJ are Spanish (28,260 speakers), Haitian (1,168 speakers), and Polish (792 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was 34.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Trenton City PUMA, NJ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Trenton City PUMA, NJ residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

20.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

24.9k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Trenton City PUMA, NJ residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was 20.6%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Trenton City PUMA, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Guatemala

    8,144 ± 2,140 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    1,986 ± 1,085 people

  3. Mexico

    1,955 ± 1,077 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Trenton City PUMA, NJ was Guatemala, the natal country of 8,144 Trenton City PUMA, NJ residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 1,986 and Mexico with 1,955.

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Citizenship

85.5%

2017 Citizenship

85.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 85.5% of Trenton City PUMA, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was 85.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Trenton City PUMA, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    51.4k ± 1.06k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    33.6k ± 1.76k

  3. White Alone

    31.8k ± 1.28k

In 2017, there were 1.53 times more Black or African American Alone residents (51.4k people) in Trenton City PUMA, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.6k Hispanic or Latino and 31.8k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Trenton City PUMA, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    28,260 speakers (25%)

  2. Haitian

    1,168 speakers (1.03%)

  3. Polish

    792 speakers (0.7%)

31.8% of Trenton City PUMA, NJ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was Spanish. 25% of the overall population of Trenton City PUMA, NJ are native Spanish speakers. 1.03% speak Haitian and 0.7% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,454 ± 232

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    658 ± 201

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    367 ± 129

Trenton City PUMA, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Trenton City PUMA, NJ awarded 5,377 degrees. The student population of Trenton City PUMA, NJ is skewed towards women, with 9,712 male students and 10,256 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Trenton City PUMA, NJ are White (3,195 and 60%), followed by Unknown (709 and 13.3%), Black or African American (505 and 9.49%), and Hispanic or Latino (480 and 9.02%).

The largest universities in Trenton City PUMA, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Thomas Edison State University (3,113 and 57.9%), The College of New Jersey (2,228 and 41.4%), and Saint Francis Medical Center School of Nursing (29 and 0.539%).

The most popular majors in Trenton City PUMA, NJ are Registered Nursing (590 and 11%), General Business Administration & Management (571 and 10.6%), and Other Multidisciplinary Studies (494 and 9.19%).

The median tuition costs in Trenton City PUMA, NJ are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $8,737 and $15,827 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 554 degrees awarded

  2. 443 degrees awarded

  3. 412 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was Registered Nursing with 554 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Trenton City PUMA, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,113 degrees awarded

  2. 2,228 degrees awarded

  3. 29 degrees awarded

$8,737

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Trenton City PUMA, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Thomas Edison State University with 3,113 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,434

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,943

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,434 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Trenton City PUMA, NJ, which is 0.827 times less than the 2,943 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Trenton City PUMA, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,195 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    709 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    505 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Trenton City PUMA, NJ were to White students. These 3,195 degrees mean that there were 4.51 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 709 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was $158,800 in 2017, which is 0.73 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $161,500 to $158,800, a 1.67% decrease. The homeownership rate in Trenton City PUMA, NJ is 47.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Trenton City PUMA, NJ have an average commute time of 23.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Trenton City PUMA, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,193

Median Household Income

± $2,209

39.9k

Number of Households

± 1,293

In 2017, the median household income of the 39.9k households in Trenton City PUMA, NJ grew to $46,193 from the previous year's value of $44,482.

The following chart displays the households in Trenton City PUMA, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$158,800

2017 Median

± $4,862

$161,500

2016 Median

± $5,210

In 2017, the median property value in Trenton City PUMA, NJ declined from to $158,800 from the previous year's value of $161,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Trenton City PUMA, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Trenton City PUMA, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Trenton City PUMA, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Trenton City PUMA, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

47.7%

2017 Homeownership

47.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 47.7% of the housing units in Trenton City PUMA, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Trenton City PUMA, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Trenton City PUMA, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Trenton City PUMA, NJ have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Trenton City PUMA, NJ have a shorter commute time (23.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.91% of the workforce in Trenton City PUMA, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Trenton City PUMA, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    65.9%

  2. Carpooled

    18.5%

  3. Public Transit

    8.25%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Trenton City PUMA, NJ was Drove Alone (65.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (18.5%) and those who Public Transit (8.25%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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