Tom Green County, TX

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Population

116,906

0.552% growth

Median Age

34


Median Household Income

$49,662

4.25% growth

Poverty Rate

12.9%


Number of Employees

53,414

1.8% growth

Median Property Value

$122,600

5.24% growth

About

In 2017, Tom Green County, TX had a population of 117k people with a median age of 34 and a median household income of $49,662. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Tom Green County, TX grew from 116,264 to 116,906, a 0.552% increase and its median household income grew from $47,637 to $49,662, a 4.25% increase.

The population of Tom Green County, TX is 54.3% White Alone, 38.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 4% Black or African American Alone. 24.5% of the people in Tom Green County, TX speak a non-English language, and 96.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tom Green County, TX are Angelo State University (1,367 degrees awarded in 2016) and Texas College of Cosmetology-San Angelo (47 degrees).

The median property value in Tom Green County, TX is $122,600, and the homeownership rate is 63.1%. Most people in Tom Green County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Tom Green County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Tom Green County, TX employs 53.4k people. The largest industries in Tom Green County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,449 people), Retail Trade (6,515 people), and Educational Services (5,211 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($64,113), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($57,125), and Utilities ($44,408).

Median household income in Tom Green County, TX is $49,662. Males in Tom Green County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Tom Green County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,662

2017 value

± $2,089

4.25%

1 Year Growth

± 5.31%

Households in Tom Green County, TX have a median annual income of $49,662, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,637 in 2016, which represents a 4.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Tom Green County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tom Green County, TX made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tom Green County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tom Green County, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tom Green County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tom Green County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 17.08

  2. Census Tract 17.07

  3. Census Tract 16

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tom Green County, TX was Census Tract 17.08 with a value of $82,375, followed by Census Tract 17.07 and Census Tract 16, with respective values of $70,786 and $67,197.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Tom Green County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tom Green County, TX (14.3k out of 111k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,532 ± 887

  2. Hispanic

    7,453 ± 694

  3. Other

    1,313 ± 291

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tom Green County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

53.4k

2017 Value

± 1,796

1.8%

1 Year growth

± 4.63%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tom Green County, TX grew at a rate of 1.8%, from 52.5k employees to 53.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tom Green County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,271 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,963 people), and Management Occupations (4,719 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tom Green County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Tom Green County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,271 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,963 people), and Management Occupations (4,719 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Tom Green County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.63 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.52 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Tom Green County, TX, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($77,758), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($59,031), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($58,062).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

53.4k

2017 Value

± 1,796

1.8%

1 Year growth

± 4.63%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Tom Green County, TX grew at a rate of 1.8%, from 52.5k employees to 53.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tom Green County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,449 people), Retail Trade (6,515 people), and Educational Services (5,211 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tom Green County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Tom Green County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Tom Green County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,449 people), Retail Trade (6,515 people), and Educational Services (5,211 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Tom Green County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (10.4 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.6 times), and Public Administration (1.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Tom Green County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($64,113), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($57,125), and Utilities ($44,408).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.7% of the population of Tom Green County, TX has health coverage, with 43.1% on employee plans, 12.6% on Medicaid, 9.33% on Medicare, 15.1% on non-group plans, and 3.6% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Tom Green County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Tom Green County, TX see 1476 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.58% increase from the previous year (1372 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1941 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 784 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,476 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tom Green County, TX see an average of 1,476 patients per year. This represents a 7.58% increase from the previous year (1,372 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tom Green County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.3%

Uninsured

43.1%

Employer Coverage

12.6%

Medicaid

9.33%

Medicare

15.1%

Non-Group

3.6%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tom Green County, TX declined by 3.02% from 16.8% to 16.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tom Green County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Tom Green County, TX is home to a population of 117k people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.52% of Tom Green County, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Tom Green County, TX is composed of 63.5k White Alone residents (54.3%), 45.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (38.8%), 4.68k Black or African American Alone residents (4%), 1.58k Two or More Races residents (1.35%), 1.34k Asian Alone residents (1.14%), 215 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.184%), 137 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.117%), and 45 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0385%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Tom Green County, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (24,611 speakers), Korean (221 speakers), and Vietnamese (203 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Tom Green County, TX was 34. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Tom Green County, TX are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Tom Green County, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.52%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.52% of Tom Green County, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tom Green County, TX was 6.6%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tom Green County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tom Green County, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Tom Green County, TX residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

96.9%

2017 Citizenship

96.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.9% of Tom Green County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Tom Green County, TX was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tom Green County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    63.5k ± 142

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    45.4k ± 1.73k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    4.68k ± 240

In 2017, there were 1.4 times more White Alone residents (63.5k people) in Tom Green County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 45.4k Hispanic or Latino and 4.68k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Tom Green County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    24,611 speakers (23%)

  2. Korean

    221 speakers (0.206%)

  3. Vietnamese

    203 speakers (0.189%)

24.5% of Tom Green County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Tom Green County, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 23% of the overall population of Tom Green County, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.206% speak Korean and 0.189% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,370 ± 338

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,627 ± 423

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,319 ± 238

Tom Green County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Tom Green County, TX awarded 1,414 degrees. The student population of Tom Green County, TX is skewed towards women, with 4,097 male students and 5,551 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tom Green County, TX are White (846 and 60.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (372 and 26.6%), Black or African American (103 and 7.36%), and Unknown (36 and 2.57%).

The largest universities in Tom Green County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Angelo State University (1,367 and 96.7%) and Texas College of Cosmetology-San Angelo (47 and 3.32%).

The most popular majors in Tom Green County, TX are Other Multidisciplinary Studies (123 and 8.7%), General Psychology (95 and 6.72%), and Registered Nursing (95 and 6.72%).

The median tuition costs in Tom Green County, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,965 and $13,757 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 82 degrees awarded

  2. 123 degrees awarded

  3. 95 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tom Green County, TX was General Psychology with 82 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tom Green County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,367 degrees awarded

  2. 47 degrees awarded

$3,965

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Tom Green County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Angelo State University with 1,367 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

552

Degrees Awarded to Men

862

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 552 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tom Green County, TX, which is 0.64 times less than the 862 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Tom Green County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    846 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    372 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    103 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Tom Green County, TX were to White students. These 846 degrees mean that there were 2.27 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 372 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tom Green County, TX was $122,600 in 2017, which is 0.563 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $116,500 to $122,600, a 5.24% increase. The homeownership rate in Tom Green County, TX is 63.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Tom Green County, TX have an average commute time of 17.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Tom Green County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,662

Median Household Income

± $2,089

43.1k

Number of Households

± 1,493

In 2017, the median household income of the 43.1k households in Tom Green County, TX grew to $49,662 from the previous year's value of $47,637.

The following chart displays the households in Tom Green County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$122,600

2017 Median

± $3,749

$116,500

2016 Median

± $3,728

In 2017, the median property value in Tom Green County, TX grew to to $122,600 from the previous year's value of $116,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Tom Green County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tom Green County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Tom Green County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tom Green County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.1%

2017 Homeownership

60.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.1% of the housing units in Tom Green County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Tom Green County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tom Green County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tom Green County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tom Green County, TX have a shorter commute time (17.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.39% of the workforce in Tom Green County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tom Green County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Walked

    4.06%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Tom Green County, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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