Toledo, OH

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Population

602,871

0.132% decline

Median Age

37.7


Median Household Income

$51,321

1.85% growth

Poverty Rate

17.8%


Number of Employees

287,209

0.798% decline

Median Property Value

$130,500

0.153% decline

About

In 2018, Toledo, OH had a population of 603k people with a median age of 37.7 and a median household income of $51,321. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Toledo, OH declined from 603,668 to 602,871, a -0.132% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,389 to $51,321, a 1.85% increase.

The population of Toledo, OH is 73.8% White Alone, 13.8% Black or African American Alone, and 7.04% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Toledo, OH speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Toledo, OH are University of Toledo (4,685 degrees awarded in 2017), Bowling Green State University-Main Campus (4,138 degrees), and Owens Community College (1,482 degrees).

The median property value in Toledo, OH is $130,500, and the homeownership rate is 62.4%. Most people in Toledo, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Toledo, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Toledo, OH employs 287k people. The largest industries in Toledo, OH are Manufacturing (48,816 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (47,936 people), and Retail Trade (31,849 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($110,325), Utilities ($57,090), and Public Administration ($52,829).

Median household income in Toledo, OH is $51,321. Males in Toledo, OH have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,520. The income inequality in Toledo, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,321

2018 value

± $974

1.85%

1 Year Growth

± 3.68%

Households in Toledo, OH have a median annual income of $51,321, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,389 in 2017, which represents a 1.85% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Toledo, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$65,155

Average Male Salary

± $1,041

$48,520

Average Female Salary

± $780

In 2018, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,444 ± $4,429

  2. White

    $51,160 ± $663

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,079 ± $3,030

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Toledo, OH is from Ohio.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.704% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Toledo, OH was Delaware County, OH with a value of $99,881, followed by Warren County, OH and Geauga County, OH, with respective values of $86,473 and $82,784.

The following map shows all of the counties in Toledo, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Toledo, OH (105k out of 588k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    59,944 ± 1,723

  2. Black

    30,719 ± 1,149

  3. Hispanic

    10,647 ± 668

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Toledo, OH is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

287k

2018 Value

± 8,715

-0.798%

1 Year decline

± 4.25%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Toledo, OH declined at a rate of -0.798%, from 290k employees to 287k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Toledo, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (32,931 people), Production Occupations (27,536 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (27,242 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Toledo, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Toledo, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (32,931 people), Production Occupations (27,536 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (27,242 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Toledo, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.76 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.38 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Toledo, OH, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($67,542), Legal Occupations ($66,134), and Management Occupations ($66,068).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

287k

2018 Value

± 8,715

-0.798%

1 Year decline

± 4.25%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Toledo, OH declined at a rate of -0.798%, from 290k employees to 287k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Toledo, OH, are Manufacturing (48,816 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (47,936 people), and Retail Trade (31,849 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Toledo, OH, though some of these residents may live in Toledo, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Toledo, OH, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (48,816 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (47,936 people), and Retail Trade (31,849 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Toledo, OH has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.75 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.2 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.06 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Toledo, OH, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($110,325), Utilities ($57,090), and Public Administration ($52,829).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $68.6B

  2. $67.9B

  3. $51B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $68.6B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($67.9B) and Machinery ($51B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$675B

2020 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

41.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $675B. This is expected to increase 41.1% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $49.2B

  2. $37.6B

  3. $35.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $49.2B, followed by Indiana with $37.6B and Pennsylvania and $35.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.3% of the population of Toledo, OH has health coverage, with 50.4% on employee plans, 20.1% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 10.1% on non-group plans, and 1.11% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Toledo, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Toledo, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.72%

Uninsured

50.4%

Employer Coverage

20.1%

Medicaid

12.6%

Medicare

10.1%

Non-Group

1.11%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Toledo, OH grew by 26.9% from 4.5% to 5.72%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Toledo, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Toledo, OH is home to a population of 603k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.52% of Toledo, OH residents were born outside of the country (21.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Toledo, OH is composed of 445k White Alone residents (73.8%), 83k Black or African American Alone residents (13.8%), 42.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.04%), 20.1k Two or More Races residents (3.33%), 8.98k Asian Alone residents (1.49%), 1.95k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.323%), 1.05k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.174%), and 502 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0833%).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Toledo, OH was 37.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Toledo, OH are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Toledo, OH residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.52%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

21.3k people

3.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

20k people

As of 2017, 3.52% of Toledo, OH residents (21.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Toledo, OH was 3.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Toledo, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    62,221 ± 6,108 people

  2. Mexico

    44,382 ± 5,162 people

  3. China

    35,261 ± 4,603 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 62,221 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,382 and China with 35,261.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2018 Citizenship

98%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.4% of Toledo, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Toledo, OH was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Toledo, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    445k ± 1.27k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    83k ± 3.09k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    42.5k ± 4.25k

In 2018, there were 5.36 times more White Alone residents (445k people) in Toledo, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 83k Black or African American Alone and 42.5k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Toledo, OH as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    10,686 ± 1,188

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,721 ± 978

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,550 ± 834

Toledo, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Toledo, OH awarded 12,574 degrees. The student population of Toledo, OH is skewed towards women, with 23,689 male students and 29,613 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Toledo, OH are White (8,957 and 76.6%), followed by Black or African American (1,352 and 11.6%), Hispanic or Latino (546 and 4.67%), and Two or More Races (283 and 2.42%).

The largest universities in Toledo, OH by number of degrees awarded are University of Toledo (4,685 and 37.3%), Bowling Green State University-Main Campus (4,138 and 32.9%), and Owens Community College (1,482 and 11.8%).

The most popular majors in Toledo, OH are Registered Nursing (842 and 6.7%), General Business Administration & Management (393 and 3.13%), and General Marketing & Marketing Management (370 and 2.94%).

The median tuition costs in Toledo, OH are $13,000 for private four year colleges, and $8,574 and $17,011 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 475 degrees awarded

  2. 318 degrees awarded

  3. 241 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Toledo, OH was Registered Nursing with 475 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Toledo, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,685 degrees awarded

  2. 4,138 degrees awarded

  3. 1,482 degrees awarded

$8,574

Median In-State Public

$13,000

Median Private

In 2017, the Toledo, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Toledo with 4,685 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,054

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,520

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 5,054 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Toledo, OH, which is 0.672 times less than the 7,520 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Toledo, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,957 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,352 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    546 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Toledo, OH were to White students. These 8,957 degrees mean that there were 6.63 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,352 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Toledo, OH was $130,500 in 2018, which is 0.568 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $130,700 to $130,500, a 0.153% decrease. The homeownership rate in Toledo, OH is 62.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Toledo, OH have an average commute time of 20.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Toledo, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$130,500

2018 Median

± $4,100

$130,700

2017 Median

± $4,079

In 2018, the median property value in Toledo, OH declined from to $130,500 from the previous year's value of $130,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Toledo, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Toledo, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,321

Median Household Income

± $974

246k

Number of Households

± 7,511

In 2018, the median household income of the 246k households in Toledo, OH grew to $51,321 from the previous year's value of $50,389.

The following chart displays the households in Toledo, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Toledo, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Toledo, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.4%

2018 Homeownership

61.5%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 62.4% of the housing units in Toledo, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Toledo, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Toledo, OH have a shorter commute time (20.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.63% of the workforce in Toledo, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Toledo, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.2%

  2. Carpooled

    8.61%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.46%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Toledo, OH was Drove Alone (84.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.61%) and those who Worked At Home (2.46%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Toledo, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Toledo, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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